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名师备考六级考试方法精讲之29听力对话题解题原则

zxiutao 于2012-09-27发布 l 已有人浏览
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下面是大学英语六级考生们的一些经验交流,希望能对没有过关的同学们有所帮助。我们选取了部分优秀考试的经验

六级短对话除了和四级相同的一些视听反向原则(即听到的单词和短语要慎选)和同义词替换原则(即准确答案经常是原文的同义词语的替换)之外,六级的小对话在出题方向上出现过一些明显的特点,总结如下:

关于六级短对话

除了和四级相同的一些视听反向原则(即听到的单词和短语要慎选)和同义词替换原则(即准确答案经常是原文的同义词语的替换)之外,六级的小对话在出题方向上出现过一些明显的特点,总结如下:

教授要求严格:例如布置作业很多、考试不容易过,上课要求准时、讲座难度高等等;

2002年6月 第9题:

M: Erh-erh… Looks like I'm going to be a little late for class. I hope Pro. Clark doesn't start on time today.

W: Are you kidding? You can set your watch by the time he starts his class.

Q: What can be inferred about Pro. Clark?

A) He wants his students to be on time for class.

B) He doesn't allow his students to tell jokes in class.

C) He is always punctual for his class.

D) He rarely notices which students are late.考试大-全国最大教育类网站(www.Examda。com)

解析:男生说:可能我得迟到一会儿了,我希望Clark教授今天没有准点开课。女生回答:开玩笑吧,他每次开始上课(时间都很准,以至于)你都可以对你的表。因此答案选C.

2003年1月 第6题

W: Professor Smith, I really need the credits to graduate this summer.

M: Here at this school the credits are earned, not given.

Q: What do we learn from the conversation?

A) The man thinks the woman can earn the credits.

B) The woman is begging the man to let her pass the exam.

C) The woman has to attend a summer course to graduate.

D) The woman is going to graduate from summer school.

解析:女生说:教授,我需要这些学分才能暑假顺利毕业。教授回答:这个学校的学分是挣来的而不是给的。因此答案选B.

另外:作业总是很重的负担,需要了解的是,作业包括各种各样的assignment 、homework 以及reading list。

2003年6月 第8题

M: Mr. Smith, our history professor, announced we would be doing two papers and three exams this semester. I wonder how I'm going to pull through when two other courses have similar requirements.

W: Well, can't you drop one course and pick it up next semester?

Q: What does the woman suggest the man do?

A) Do the assignments towards the end of the semester.

B) Quit the history course and choose another one instead.

C) Drop one course and do it next semester.

D) Take courses with a lighter workload.

解析:男生抱怨道我们的历史老师Smith宣称这个学期我们要搞定两份论文三次考试。可是别的课程也有类似的要求,我都不知道我该怎么去应付了。女生建议道那你为什么不退一门课呢?下学期再选也不迟啊。因此答案选C。

预订难以成功:房间、交通或演出的票、商品等都很难订到或买到。

M: I wonder whether it would be possible to change this double room to two single rooms.

W: Sorry, sir. All the single rooms are occupied. But if you like, I can check with Imperial Hotel to see if they have any.

Q: What's the woman going to do for the man?

A) Let him move to a room with two single beds.

B) Check to see if there are any vacancies in her hotel.

C) Try to help him find rooms in another hotel.

D) Show him the way to Imperial Hotel.

解析:中男生说:我不知道能不能把这个双人间换成两个单人间。女生回答:对不起先生,所有的单人间都订满了。如果你想要的话,我可以给你查查帝国饭店看看它们有没有。因此答案选C。

女生更爱学习、男生更爱娱乐:

2000年1月 第1题

W: It's a pity you missed the concert yesterday evening. It was wonderful.

M: I didn't want to miss the football game. Well, I'm not a classical music fan anyway.

Q: What do we learn from the conversation?

A) The man was sorry to miss the football game.

B) The man attended the concert, but didn't like it.

C) The man was sorry that he didn't attend the concert.

D) The man is more interested in football than in classical music.

解析:中男生说:你错过了昨天晚上的音乐会真可惜。它很棒的。男生回答:我不想错过足球赛啊,况且我不是一个古典音乐迷。因此答案选D。

另外,交通工具容易迟到,邀约对方容易遭到拒绝(吃饭的邀请容易成功),事故中人不会死亡而是生还等特色规律都可以在题目中找到大量的佐证。

关于六级长对话

单就长对话而言,长对话作为六级听力改革后的新题型体现了命题组对于考试改革的诉求——强调在实际环境中的语言运用能力。涉及到的对话场景内容非常广泛,从校园生活到生活中的各种场景。学生可以通过抓住“信号词” 来判断具体场景。经常涉及到的场景有:旅游(飞机,机场,出行准备等),校园,工作面试,访谈等。

例题:2008年12月第一篇长对话

22.A. Organizing protests C. Acting as its spokesman.

B. Recruiting members D. Saving endangered animals.

23. A. Anti-animal-abuse demonstrations B. Anti-nuclear campaigns

C. Surveying the Atlantic Ocean floor D. Removing industrial waste.

24.A. By harassing them. C. By taking legal action.

B. By appealing to the public D. By resorting to force.

25. A. Doubtful  B. Reserved C. Indifferent.  D. Supportive

听力原文:

W: Right, well, in the studio this morning, for our interview spot is Peter Wilson(人名,重要). Peter works for Green Peace (特殊表达,文章主题词). So, Peter, welcome.

M: Thanks a lot. It's good to be here.

W: Great! Now, Peter, perhaps you can tell us something about Green Peace and your job there. (寒暄,为了迷惑考生,此处进入正题)

M: Sure. Well, I'll start by telling you roughly what Green Peace is all about. I actually work in London for the Green Peace organization(人物职业,22题考点1). We've been going for a few decades and we're a non-violent, non-political organization. We're involved in anti-nuclear activity, conservation and protection of animals and protection and support of our eco-system. I'm the action organizer and arrange any protests.(人物职业重复,22题考点。视听基本一致原则。)

W: Right! A pretty important role. Peter. What sort of protest would you organize?

M: Well, recently we've been involved in anti-nuclear campaigns. (问答关系,23题考点。视听一致原则。)I, personally arranged for the demonstration against radioactive waste dumping in the Atlantic Ocean. We've got a few small Green Peace boats that we harass(特殊词汇,首次出现,24题考点2) the dumping ship with.

W: Say? Hold on, Peter. I thought you said your organization was non-violent. What do you mean by "harass"? (重复核心词,也是问题所在。问答关系。)

M: Well, we circle round and round the ships and get in the way when they try to dump the drums of nuclear waste in the sea.(针对问题harass的具体回答,24题考点。) We talk to the men and try to change, you know, yell at them to stop. We generally make ourselves as much of a nuisance as possible.

M: Well, people may think differently of your methods, but there's no doubt you're doing a great job.(转折词but+态度判断词great,25题考点4), keep it up and good luck (继续态度判断). And thanks for talking with us.

W: Thanks for having me.

Q22. What is the man's chief responsibility in the Green Peace organization?

Q23. What has Green Peace been involved in recently?

Q24. How does Green Peace try to stop people from dumping nuclear waste?

Q25. What is the woman's attitude towards the Green Peace's campaigns?

Keys: ABAD

解析:做题的时候一定要和短文一样对题目的出题位置有明确的把握,位置感很重要。一般而言,对话时,开头的客套以及问候与结尾的道别结束语很少出题,而对话中段往往才是重点。另外,本段长对话使用到了视听基本一致的原则。24题的考法是长对话中最典型的一种,就是针对动作行为进行发问,考点在于考生需要听明白人物发出的动作是什么,原文的动词harass和选项的harass是一摸一样,属于最简单的考法,而且原文重复两次,因此考生对此即便是不知道harass是什么意思也能选对。25题的考法是一贯的长对话结尾题,往往以态度判断和结论作为考察对象,此题选项均为态度词,很容易判断,另外,注意到选项呈现“三负一正”的格局,因此答案是显然的。本段长对话的几个特色词汇也需要注意:harass指“骚扰”,绿色和平组织采取“和平骚扰”的方式,影响那些倾倒核废料(dumping nuclear waste)的人们,而没有采取诉诸武力(resorting force)的方式。
 

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