英语阅读

四级经验四级写作四级阅读四级词汇四级听力四级语法四级试题四级翻译完型填空四级资讯

大学英语四六级晨读经典365:春日激情篇 87 How to Avoid Foolish Opinion 如何避免愚蠢的观点(mp3)

merryangle87 于2014-06-19发布 l 已有人浏览
增大字体 减小字体
不要太自以为是,对于自己不确定的事,不要凭自己的感觉成者猜想去下结论,也不要盲目下定义。
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

87 How to Avoid Foolish Opinion 如何避免愚蠢的观点

To avoid the various foolish opinions to which mankind is prone, no superhuman genius is required. If the matter is one that can be settled by observation,make the observation yourself.
人人都会产生一些“傻念头”,要避免这些“傻念头”并不需要过人的才智。假如是一个通过观察就可以解决的问题,那就亲自去观察一下。

Many matters, however, are less easily brought to the test of experience. If, like most of mankind, you have passionate convictions on many such matters,there are ways in which you can make yourself aware of your own bias. If an opinion contrary to your own makes you angry, that is a sign that you are subconsciously aware of having no good reason for thinking as you do. If someone maintains that two and two are five, or that Iceland is on the equator, you feel pity rather than anger, unless you know so little of arithmetic or geography that his opinion shakes your own contrary conviction. The most savage controversies are those about matters as to which there is no good evidence either way. Persecution is used in theology, not in arithmetic, because in theology there is only opinion. So wheneveryou find yourself getting angry about a difference of opinion, be on your guard; you will probably find, on examination, that your belief is going beyond what the evidence warrants.
然而许多问题不能辑易凭经验去验证。倘若你跟大多数人一样。对于许多诸如此类的问题坚信不移,以下几种方法可以让你发现自己的偏见。如果一个跟你相反的观点会让你感到愤怒的话,那就表明在潜意识里,你明白你的想法没有很好的理由来支撑。如果有人坚持认为二加二等于五,或冰岛位于赤道,你会感到怜悯而不是愤怒:除非你对算术或地理几乎一无所知,使得他的观点得以动摇你正确的信念。最蛮不讲理的争论往往发生在双方都拿不出令人信服的证据的问题土。神学中有迫害。数学中则没有。这是因为神学中只有观点。因此,无论何时,当你发现自己因与他人观点有分歧而大动肝火时,你
就得留神了:很有可能一经检验,你就会发现你的观点其实并没有证据支持。

A good way of ridding yourself of certain kinds of dogmatism is to become aware of opinions held in social circles different from your own. If the people and the newspaper seem mad, perverse, and wicked, remind yourself that you seem so to them. In this opinion both parties may be right, but they cannot both be wrong. This reflection should generate a certain caution.
使自己摆脱某些教条观念的一个好办法就是去了解在你的生活圈子里与自己的意见不同的观点。你要是觉得某些人或者某份报纸很狂热,有悖常理,而且邪恶,这时你就得提醒自己二在他们看来你也是如此。从这一点来看,双方都可能是对的,却不可能都是错的。这种深思使我们更加谨慎。

英语词汇注释

observation n. 观察
passionate adj. 热情的,热烈的
subconsciously adv. 下意识地,潜意识地
conviction n. 信服,坚信
controversy n. 争论,争议
arithmetic n. 算术

 1 2 下一页

分享到

添加到收藏

四级听力排行