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大学英语四六级晨读经典365:夏日激情篇 103 Only $8 12 只要8美元12美分(mp3)

merryangle87 于2014-06-26发布 l 已有人浏览
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1845年3月,索洛二十八岁时向一个朋友借了一把斧子,到康科德附近的乡间一个名叫沃尔登池塘的地方去了。
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103 Only $8 12 只要8美元12美分

In March,1845 , when Thoreau was 28 years old, he bor-rowed an axe from a friend and went out into the country nearConcord to a lake called Walden Pond.His purpose was to seewhether or not he could be happy by living alone close to nature,without any possessions except what was absolutely necessary.
1845年3月,索洛二十八岁时向一个朋友借了一把斧子,到康科德附近的乡间一个名叫沃尔登池塘的地方去了。他的目的是想试试看若是孑然一身,除了必需的物品外一无所有,他能否在大自然的环境中愉快地生活下去。

At Walden he used the axe to cut down trees, and made asimple little cabin, ten feet wide and fifteen feet long, with acloset,a small room above,a brick fireplace,windows at thesides, and a door facing the waters of the pond. Altogether, thecost of his home was only eight dollars and twelve cents.
在沃尔登他用斧子砍伐树木,造了一座宽十英尺,长十五英尺的简陋的小屋。屋里有一间储藏室,上面是一个小房间,还有一个砖垒的壁炉,窗户开在两旁,屋门面对池塘里的水。他这座住宅的全部费用不过是八美元十二美分。

Inside,Thoreau had a desk, a table, three chairs, and amirror,all of which he had made himself. The rest of his furni- ture, including cooking pots and dishes, came as gifts fromfriends.
在小屋里面,索洛有一张书桌,一张餐桌,三把椅子和一面镜子,所有这些东西都是他亲手制成的。其余家具,包括饭锅和盘子在内,都是他的朋友们作为礼物送给他的。

Thoreau lived at Walden for almost two years, spending verylittle money.During this time he earned a few dollars by doingsmall jobs and by selling vegetables which he had grown on theland near his cabin. He traded some of the vegetables for foodthat he could not grow himself.He was thus able to live byworking only six weeks of the year, leaving all of the winter andmost of the summer free for reading and for exploring in thewoods.
索洛在沃尔登住了将近两年,只花了很少的钱。在这段时间里,他靠做零活和卖掉他在屋旁的地里种的蔬菜来赚几美元。他用一部分蔬菜来交换自己不能种的粮食。这样一来,他就能一年只劳动六个星期而生活下去,而把整个冬天以及夏天的大部分时间用来读书和在森林里进行考察。

He wrote walden, or Life in the Woods, about his experi- ences.When the book was published in ,so few peoplebought it that it barely paid for the cost of printing,but it has sincebeen read around the world and attained recognition as an important book in American literature.
他根据自己的经历撰写了《沃尔登》(或《林中生涯》)一书。该书于年问世时,买书的人极少,结果是勉强凑够印刷成本费,但是后来这本书的读者遍及全世界,被公认为美国文学中一本重要的书。

Thoreau never locked his door, and he often had visitors. Heentertained people of all kinds—— escaped slaves, woodsmen,and many famous men as well. Nothing was ever stolen from himexcept a book of Greek poetry.
在沃尔登,索洛从来不锁门,因为常常有人来访问他。他接待了形形色色的人,其中包括逃亡的奴隶、伐木工人、以及许多知名人士。除一本希腊诗集外,他家里从来没有丢过任何东西。

英语词汇注释

absolutely adv. 绝对地,完全地
pay for 付款,支付
entertain vt. 招待,款待

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