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大学英语四六级晨读经典365:夏日激情篇 115 The Master of Radium“镭”之母(mp3)

merryangle87 于2014-07-17发布 l 已有人浏览
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玛丽娅·斯可罗多夫斯卡娅,即著名的居里夫人,被誉为“镭”之母。
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115 The Master of Radium“镭”之母

Marie Curie was the first femme radiation research-scientist. She was born Marie Sklodowska in Warsaw, Poland, in i 867,She was the youngest of five children. As a young girl, despite being small in size and frail, she developed a keen love of mathematics and physics from her professor father and desired to get a higher education. However, under czarist domination, Polish women were denied a higher education.
玛丽亚·居里夫人是第一位研究辐射的女科学家。她于1867年出生在波兰华沙,原名为玛丽亚·斯可罗多夫斯卡。她是五个孩子中最小的一个。作为一个女孩子,虽然长得小巧纤弱,但是受身为教授的父亲的影响,她酷爱数学和物理,并期望获得高等教育的机会。然而,在当时当时沙皇统治之下,波兰女子被剥夺了获得高等教育的权利。

Ever resourceful, at age 16, she proposed an arrangement with hear older sister whereby Marie would work as a governess and send one-half of her earnings to support her sister to study medicine in Paris and later her sister would do the same for her.
她在16岁时就聪慧过人,她和姐姐商量做了如下安排:玛丽做家庭教师,拿出一半所得支付姐姐在巴黎学医的费用。以后姐姐为她做同样的事。

Eventually Marie got to the Sorbonne in Paris,where she met and married Pierre Curie. a scientist in his own right. Marie chose radioactivity for her doctoral thesis. Her work was so promising that soon Pierre joined Marie in her work This husband-wife team studied uranium, discovered polonium, and subsequently discovered radium, for which. in 1903. they shared a Nobel Prize in physics with Henri Becquerel for their work in radioactivity.
终于玛丽亚去了巴黎的索邦神学院(巴黎大学的前身),在那儿她遇见了皮埃尔,一位有真才实学的科学家,并和他结了婚。玛丽亚选择了辐射作为她博士论文的选题。她的研究课题富有前景,不久皮埃尔也开始和玛丽一起工作,这对夫妻搭档研究铀,发现了钋,接下来又发现了镭。1903年,他们因为发现了辐射物镭而和亨利·贝克共同获得诺贝尔物理学奖。

Tragically, two years later. Pierre was trampled to death by a horse-drawn carriage and, at age 38, Marie became a single parent with two small daughters to raise Ever resourceful. she called upon her father-in-law to provide Childcare so that she could continue the work that she and Pierre had initiated Within five years. by l911. Marie had received a second Nobel Prize. this time in chemistry. the first person, man or woman, to receive the Nobel Prize twice.
让人痛心的是,两年之后,皮埃尔猝死于马车下。38岁的玛丽亚成为一名带着两个小女孩的单身母亲。尽管她很优秀,但她还是让她公公前来照顾小孩,以便她能继续她和皮埃尔共同开创的事业。五年内,到1911年,玛丽亚第二次荣获诺贝尔奖,这次是在化学方面。不管在男性科学家中还是女性科学家中,玛丽亚都是第一个两度获得诺贝尔奖的人。

Marie Curie was amazingly resourceful, persevering.and optimistic She was not stopped by the lack of education in her home country of Poland or by the lack of money to finance the education She was not stopped by being widowed at a young age and made a single parent. She was not stopped by chronic radiation sickness from daily exposure to radon gas, and she was not stopped by the professional barriers imposed on female scientists.
玛丽亚·居里夫人极具才华,意志坚强,积极乐观。她没有因祖国波兰缺乏教育机会而阻碍她的发展没有因经济拮据而使她失去教育的机会:没有因年轻守寡并成为单身母亲而裹足不前:没有因每日暴露在氡气之下,由于辐射导致的接二连三的疾病而吓倒:也没有被强加在女科学家身上的职业发展障碍将她打倒。

英语词汇注释

keen adj. 强烈的
czarist adj. 专制的
resourceful adj. 机智的
promising adj. 有前途的
trample vt. 践踏,踩
initiate vt. 开始,创始
persevering adj. 坚忍不拔的

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