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大学英语四六级晨读经典365:夏日激情篇 120 Chester F Carlson, Inventor of "Electronphotography" 切斯特·F·卡尔逊——静电复印术发明家(mp3)

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切斯特·F·卡尔逊出身贫寒。1939年4月4日,卡尔逊历尽艰辛,成功地制造了一台复印机模型,随后申请了专利。
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120 Chester F Carlson, Inventor of "Electronphotography" 切斯特·F·卡尔逊——静电复印术发明家

Carlson was born into abject poverty and his boyhood and early manhood in its spent all of tight grip.Homelessness was a constant threat throughout his childhood. By age 12, Carlson had to work to help his parents, and by 14 he had become the family's main breadwinner. In a well-written biography of Carlson, David Owen explains that "Carlson was a shy, soft-spo-ken boy who. deep within himself. couldn't help sharing his parents deepening despair about the precariousness of their existence." And yet, t.he young Carlson would not lei poverty crush his spirit as it had done to his father He cued to go to school. while working to support his family. and developed a strong interest in Science.
卡尔逊出身贫寒,他的童年和青春时期一直都过着拮据的生活,孩提时常常无家可归。在他飞2岁时,卡尔逊就不得不帮助父母维持生计。到他14岁时,他成为家中的主要顶梁柱。在一本著名的描写卡尔逊的传记中,戴维·欧文说:“卡尔逊是一个腼腆内向、性格温和的男孩。在他内心深处,他和父母一样对自己动荡不安的生活深感绝望。”然而,年轻的卡尔逊决不会让贫困像折磨他父亲一样摧毁他的意志。他一边养家糊口一边继续求学,同时对科学产生了浓厚的兴趣。

In 1944, Carlson's hope to commercialize "electronphotography" got a boost when the Batelle Memorial Institute and the Haloid Company got involved. But even then it would take another 15 years before the Haloid Company would produce a successful xerographic machine. the 914. Carlson's patent was the Crucial first step But it took a team of talented scientists and engineers and a good deal of money to solve the large number of very difficult technical problems that blocked xerography's successful commercialization. According to Owen. "Carlson's most important contribution to the project during the 1950s was probably helping to main-tain the company's enthusiasm for his idea, despite repeated setbacks."
1944年,当巴特尔研究所和哈洛伊德公司都加入进来时,卡尔逊希望通过静电复印术来赚钱的想法得到了推进。但即便如此,哈洛伊德公司要成功制作一台静电复印机914还需要再花15年的时间。卡尔逊获得专利权是非常重要的第一步。但是要想扫除静电复印术成功走向商业化的技术障碍,不仅需要许多有才干的科学家和工程师共同努力:还需要投入大量金扣钱。欧文说:“卡尔逊对20世纪50年代这一项目的最大贡献极可能是在一再受挫的情况下,让公司全体人员对他的计划保持热情。”

The 914 was an enormous success, and within a few' years it catapulted the insignificant Haloid Company to the Xerox Corporation一the fifteenth largest company in the United States.Carlson had become extremely wealthy. The adolescent' s dream had come true: a great invention had indeed freed him from poverty.
914复印机获得了巨大成功,几年内它让毫不起眼的哈洛伊德公司一跃成为美国第巧大公司施乐公司。卡尔逊成了超级富翁。他年轻时的梦想变成了现实:一项伟大的发明确实让他摆脱了贫困。

英语词汇注释

breadwinner n. 养家糊口的人
biography n. 传记
precariousness n. 可疑
boost n. 鼓励,推动
crucial adj. 关键的,决定性的
setback n. 挫折,退步
insignificant adj. 无关紧要的,可忽略的

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