英语阅读

四级经验四级写作四级阅读四级词汇四级听力四级语法四级试题四级翻译完型填空四级资讯

大学英语四六级晨读经典365:夏日激情篇 122 Mahatma Gandhi 圣雄甘地mp3)

merryangle87 于2014-07-30发布 l 已有人浏览
增大字体 减小字体
甘地,印度现代民族解放运动的著名领袖,现代民族资产阶级政治学说—甘地主义的创始人。
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

122 Mahatma Gandhi 圣雄甘地

Mohandas Gandhi(1869一1948), Indian nationalist leader, established his country's freedom through a nonviolent revolution.
莫罕达斯·甘地(1869-1948年)是印度民族主义运动的领袖,他发起了非暴力不合作运动,促进了民族解放。

In 1893 an Indian firm with interests in South Africa retained him as legal adviser in its office in Durban. Arriving in Durban, Gandhi found himself treated as a member of an inferior race. He was appalled at the widespread denial of civil liberties and political rights to Indian immigrants to South Africa. He threw himself into the struggle for elementary rights for Indians.
1893年,印度公司为维护其在南非的利益,挽留他在德尔班办事处做法律顾问。到达德尔班后,甘地发现自己遭受到了种族歧视。在南非,印度移民的民主自由和政治权利被完全剥夺,这让他感到大为震惊。干是他投身于为印度人争取基本权利的斗争之中。

In 1932. Gandhi began new civil-disobedience campaigns against the British. Arrested twice, the Mahatma fasted for long periods several times: these fasts were effective measures against the British. because revolution might well have broken out in India if he had died. In September 1932. while in jail. Gandhi undertook a “fast unto death" to improve the status of the Hindu Untouchables. The British. by permitting the Untouchables to be considered as a separate part of the Indian electorate. were. according to Gandhi, countenancing an injustice Although he was himself a member of the Vaisya (merchant) caste. Gandhi was the great leader of the movement in India dedicated to eradicating the unjust social and economic aspects of the caste system.
1932年,甘地掀起新一轮的非暴力不合作运动,反对英国统治。圣雄甘地被逮捕过两次,几次进行长时间绝食。绝食是反对英国统治的有效措施。因为如果他因绝食而死,印度很可能就会爆发革命。1932年9月,在监狱中,甘地采取“绝食至死”这一手段来提高最下层印度人的地位。按甘地提出的要求,英国允许最下层印度人在选举中作为一支独立的力量出现,并给予他们公正的待遇。甘地虽属于平民商人阶级,但是他积极投身子摧毁不公正的社会和经济体制事业中,他是印度这一运动的伟大领袖。

In 1934 Gandhi formally resigned from politics. being replaced as leader of the Congress Pany by Jawaharlal Nehru. Gandhi traveled through India, teaching ahimsa and demanding eradication of "untouchability" The esteem in which he was held was the measure of his political power So great was his power that the limited home rule granted by the British in 1935 could not be implemented until Gandhi approved  it. A few years later, in 1939, he again returned to active political life because of the pending federation of Indian principalities with the rest of India. His first act was a fast. designed to force the ruler of the state of Rajkot to modify his autocratic rule. Public unrest caused by the fast was so great that the colonial government intervened; the demands were granted. The Mahatma again became the most important political figure in India.
1934年,甘地正式退出政坛,贾瓦哈拉尔·尼赫鲁接任其担任国大党领袖。甘地赶赴印度各地宣传非暴力运动思想,要求废除贱民阶层。他所持的这种思想是他强大的政治手段。这种力量非常强大,除非甘地同意,否则1935年英国通过够。限制条款就无法得以实施。几年后,就在1939年,他重返活跃的政治生涯,因为印度剩下的公国联盟问题悬而未决。他第一步是绝食,以期迫使拉杰果德当局调整其独裁统治。由于绝食所引起的公众暴动势头强大,殖民政府出面干涉调停,满足了他提出的要求。圣雄甘地再次成为印度最重要的政治人物。

英语词汇注释

nonviolent adj. 非暴力的
elementary adj. 基本的
fast n. 禁食,斋戒
electorate n. 全体选民
countenance vt. 支持,批准
eradicate vt. 根除,根绝
implement vt. 实现,执行
approve vt. 赞同,核准
modify vt. 修改,更正

 1 2 下一页

分享到

添加到收藏

四级听力排行