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大学英语四六级晨读经典365:夏日激情篇 123 George Caleb Bingham 乔治?克雷伯?宾厄姆mp3)

merryangle87 于2014-07-31发布 l 已有人浏览
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宾厄姆是早期北美最重要的开拓画家之一。
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123 George Caleb Bingham 乔治?克雷伯?宾厄姆

During his teenage years, George pursued various occupations,and around 1825 he moved to nearby Boonville. While apprenticed to a cabinetmaker and Methodist minister, he encountered an itinerant portrait painter. Bingham decided to pursue a painting career.
在他十多岁的时候,乔治·宾厄姆从事过很多工作。大约在1828年,他搬到邦威尔附近居住。在给一个画匠兼卫理工会牧师做学徒的时候,他遇到一位巡回肖像画家,于是他决心追求绘画事业。

In 1846 Bingharn stumped as the Whig candidate for state representative for Saline County. Although he reportedly won the election, his opponent successfully contested the outcome. After successfully campaigning to represent Saline County in 1848, Bingham's personal life was struck by tragedy when his wife died in November, followed a month later by a son's death. Eventually recoverring from these tragedies, he married Eliza K. Thomas in September 1849 Bingham then began years of great artistic success with the completion of such important genre canvases as Watching the Cargo and Shooting for the  Beef.
1846年,宾厄姆因竞选盐湖城州辉格党候选人作巡回演说一尽管报道上说他赢得了竞选,但是,他的对手却取得了最后的成功。1848年,宾厄姆成功地竞选上盐湖城的代表,但在个人生活中却遭遇悲剧。他的妻子在11月去世,一个月后,他的儿子又夭折了。最终他还是从悲痛中走出来了,在1849年9月和伊莉莎·K·汤姆斯结婚。宾厄姆通过完成《观看码头货物和公牛射击》这类重要的风格油画,开始了绘画事业连续数年的巨大成功。

Appointed Missouri's adjutant general in 1875, one of Bingham's duties involved evaluating ex-soldiers' claims against the government. In early1876, he lobbied Congress to provide Missouri with money to pay its state militia for service to the federal government during the war There, he began his portrait of the sculptress Vinnie Ream.
1875年被任命为密苏里的副官署署长,宾厄姆的工作涉及评估老兵对政府提出的一些要求。早在1876年,在战争期间,他曾呈请国会为密苏里民兵部队提供金钱资助,目的是服务于联邦政府。就在此时此地,他开始画女雕塑家温妮的画像。

Bingham returned to Missouri in May 1876. In October his wife. Eliza's mental health required her admittance to the state insane asylum. where she died in November. Also in October. Bingham's ill health forced him to relinquish his post as adjutant general The following year. Bingham. through Rollins's influence. be-came the University of Missouri's first professor of an but spent little time actually teaching.                    
1876年5月,宾厄姆返回密苏里。10月,他的妻子伊莉莎因精神病住进了精神病院。11月,她便在那儿去世了。同样在10月,宾厄姆的健康状况迫使他不得不辞去副官暑总署一职。次年,宾厄姆在罗林斯的感染下,成为密苏里大学教学时间最短的第一位艺术教授。

Bingham's last paintings, mostly portraits. were completed in 1878-1879. He had never enjoyed robust health and contracted pneumonia in February 1879. Bingham died at his home in Kansas City the following July. Arthistorians today consider him to be one of the important portrayers of nineteenth-century American life and people.
宾厄姆最后的绘画,尤其是大部分人物画像都是在1878年到1879期间完成的。他身体一直不好,于1879年2月染上肺炎。同年7月,宾厄姆在堪萨斯城的家中病逝。直到今天,阿斯托瑞恩一直认为他是19世纪美国人民生活中最重要的画家之一。

英语词汇注释

occupation n. 职业
apprentice vt. 使用学徒
stump vi. 作政治性巡回演讲
strike vt. 打击
canvas n. 油画
appoint vt. 任命,指定
lobby vt. 游说
relinquish vt. 放弃,让出
portrait n. 肖像,画像

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