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大学英语四六级晨读经典365:夏日激情篇 126 Gift for Music——Leonard Bernstein 音乐天才——伦纳德·伯恩斯坦(mp3)

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伦纳健·伯恩斯坦被尊为有史以来最伟大的管弦乐指挥家之一,他认为音乐是生命中最大的快乐,很多人都崇拜他,喜爱他。
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126 Gift for Music——Leonard Bernstein 音乐天才——伦纳德·伯恩斯坦

In 1986. Leonard Bernstein said, "God knows. I should be dead by now I smoke, I drink. I stay up all night. I was diagnosed as having emphysema in my mid 20s. I was told that if I didn't stop smoking. I'd be dead at 35. Well. I beat the rap." Bui in recent months he canceled  engagernents and a fortnight age announced that. on his doctor's advice, he was retiring as a conductor. In 1990. Leonard Bernstein. 72. died in his Manhattan apart met after a heart attack brought on by lung failure. Perhaps to abandon conducting was to end a love affair, to give up life.
1986年,伦纳德·伯恩斯坦说:“天晓得,我怎么能活到现在,我抽烟,喝酒,熬夜……我在25岁时就被诊断患有肺气肿。医生告诉我如果不戒烟,35岁就得死。不过,我福大命大,”但在最近的几个月,他取消了约会,并在半个月前宣布,遵照医嘱,他不再担任乐队指挥。1990年,伦纳德·伯恩斯坦,因肺褒竭突发心脏病,在他曼哈顿的公寓里去世,享年72岁。或许放弃指挥就意味着一个爱好的终结,生命的尽头。

A first-generation Jewish American, Bernstein was born in Lawrence, Mass in 1918. His father, Samuel, who was in the beauty-supplies business, hoped his son would someday work with him. But at 10, Lenny discovered the piano.
伦纳德·伯恩斯坦于1918年生于马萨诸塞州的劳伦斯市,是第一代美国犹太人。其父塞缪尔经营化妆品的生意,他寄希望于儿子能秉承父业。但伦尼(伦纳德的爱称)10岁时,与钢琴结缘。

Contrary to legend, the golden boy did have some lean times. In 1942, Bernstein moved to New York City armed with glowing references, but couldn't find work. Lyricist Irving Caesar happened to hear him play the piano and thought he resembled his former collaborator George Gershwin. Bernstein told him that he needed$10 a week to stay alive. "What!” Caesar exclaimed. "You, a genius, starving? Ten dollars a week for a genius? I'll get you fifty!” and promptly got him a job transcribing music. Within two years Bernstein had published his first symphony, written a successful ballet ("Fancy Free"), had a hit Broadway show ("In the Town") and made his now legendary New York Philharmonic conducting debut in Carnegie Hail. Filling in for an ailing maestro, the dishing 25-year-old( who had a fierce hangover was such a smash he got as much front-page space in New fork Times as the American submarines that sank seven Japanese ships.
与传说的相反,这个成绩斐然的男孩的确曾几度陷于窘境。1942年,伯恩斯坦带着热情中肯的推荐信来到纽约,而却无法找到工作。抒情诗人欧文·凯撒偶然听到他弹奏钢琴并觉得他很像自己以前的合作者乔治·格什温。伯恩斯坦对他说他一周需要1O美元来维持生计。“什么!”凯撒惊叹道,“你,一个天才,在忍饥挨饿?一个天才每周就值10美元?我要让你每周有5O美元!”他很快就为他找到一份改编乐曲的工作。在不到两年的时间里,伯恩斯坦就发表了他的第一首交响乐。成功地创作了一部芭蕾舞剧(《自由遐想》),同时也写了一部轰动一时的百老汇音乐剧(《在小镇里》)。并在卡内基音乐厅首次指挥当今已成为传奇的纽约爱乐乐团。这个干劲十足、患有严重宿醉毛病的25岁小伙子,因临时代替生病的指挥大师:随即一举成名,在《纽约时报》上成了与美国潜艇击沉七艘日本舰同样重要的头条新闻。

Since the late 1950s his compositions have often been disappointing, but he was back in form in some recent works. especially the delicious Arias and Barcarolles Though he had become white-haired and craggy. he retained  the passion and quickness of a wunderkind. and no one could dispute the depth of understanding he brought to the podium. particularly in recent years, when his interpretive powers were sharper than ever.
从50年代后期起,他的作品常常令人失望,但近期的一些作品又恢复了他原来的良好状态,特别是那部优美,脍炙人口的《咏叹调与船歌》。尽管他已是白发苍苍。老态龙钟,却仍保持着神童的激情与敏捷,他在指挥席上对音乐理解的深度是绝无争议的。特别是近些年,他对音乐的演绎能力比以往更强了。

英语词汇注释

stay up all night 通宵未睡
beat the rap 逃脱惩罚
resemble vt. 与……类似,像
dashing adj. 生气勃勃的
craggy adj. 粗犷的
wunderkind n. [德]神童

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