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大学英语四六级晨读经典365:夏日激情篇 127 Arthur Seymour Sullivan 阿瑟?两摩?苏利文(mp3)

merryangle87 于2014-08-09发布 l 已有人浏览
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阿瑟·西摩·苏利文以创作轻歌剧闻名,是英国轻歌剧的代表作曲家。
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127 Arthur Seymour Sullivan 阿瑟?两摩?苏利文


Sir Arthur Seymour Sullivan (May 13. 1842 - No-vember 22, 1900) was a British composer, best known for his operatic collaborations with librettist William S. Gilbert.
阿瑟·西摩·苏利文(1842.5.13 -1900.11. 22)是一位英国剧作家,因与剧作家威廉·S·吉尔伯特合作创作歌剧而出名。

By the time Arthur had reached the age of 8. he was proficient with all the instruments in the band. Following a stay at private school in Bayswater. he was admitted to the choir of the Chapel Royal. while there .he began to compose anthems and songs In 1856, he received the first, Mendelssohn prize and became a student at the Royal, Academy of Music until 1858.
阿瑟8岁的时候.已经通晓各种音乐乐器。之后,在他就读于贝斯沃特私立学校时,被入选皇家教堂唱诗班。在那里,他开始谱写颂歌和其他歌曲。1856年,他荣获第一枚门德尔松奖,1858年,成为皇家音乐学院的一名学生。

Gilbert and Sullivan’s real collaborative efforts begin in 1875 when Richard D' Oyly Carte cmmissioned them to write a one act piece, Trial by Jury. Its success was so great that the three men formed an often turbulent partnership which lasted for twenty years and thirteen operettas.
吉尔柏特与苏利文真正的台作始于1875年,那时,理查德·多伊利·卡特委任他们写一部独幕剧《陪审团的女人》。这部剧作非常成功,之后他们三人断断续续的合作了长达20年之久,创作了13部轻歌剧。

In 1883, Sullivan was knighted. by Queen Victoria. Contemporary critics felt that this should put an end to his career as an operetta composer, believing that a musi cal knight should not stoop below the level of oratorio or "grand opera.". Sullivan too, despite the financial security the Savoy operettas gave him, increasingly viewed his world with Gilbert as unimportant and beneath his skills. Furthermore he was unhappy that he had to tone dawn his music to ensure that Gilbert' s words could be heard. In 1886, Sullivan went some way to appease his critics by the production of the cantata The Golden Legend, which he and most of his contemporaties considered his masterpiece. Gilbert wrote the more serious Yeomen to satisfy Sullivan's urge for grand opera, and while Sullivan,was pacified for a time,in  189U he broke away; acrimoniously from Gilbert following the production of The Gondoliers and, with D'Oyly Carte, produced his only grand opera. Ivanhoe, at the new English Opera House Subsequently however he returned to work with Gilbert on two more operettas and wrote three more with other collaborators.
1883年,苏利文被维多利亚女王封为爵士。同时代的评论家感到这会让他的轻歌剧作曲家职业生涯划上一个句号,因为他们认为爵士的音乐水平不应该次于清唱剧或大歌剧的水平。尽管萨沃歌剧带给他财政上的保证,但是苏利文也越来越感觉到他和吉尔柏特合作的作品并不突出,甚不在他的水平之下。而且,为了让人们能听清吉尔柏特的歌词,他不得不将自己的音乐变得和缓。对此他很不满意。1886年,在轻歌剧《黄金般的传奇》创作过程中,苏利文对评论他的评论家做出了一些退让,尽管他和同时代的人都认为这是一部杰作。为了满足苏利文对大歌剧的创作需求,吉尔柏特写了很多关于自耕农等严肃话题的作品。然而,在他们的关系缓和了一段时间以后,1894年在《威尼斯船夫》创作过程中,苏利文与吉尔柏特和查德·多伊利·卡特断然决裂,在新英国剧院,他创作出自己的大歌剧《艾文霍》。后来,他又与吉尔柏特共同创作了两部轻歌剧和三部剧作。

Sullivan. who had suffered from ill health through-out his life, succumbed to pneumonia at his house in London on November 22. 1900. A monument in his memory was erected in the Victoria Embankment Gardens.
苏利文一生都在遭受病痛折磨。因患肺炎,他于1900年11月22日病逝在伦敦家中。后人为了纪念他,在维多利亚花园立了一座丰碑。

英语词汇注释

proficient adj. 熟练的,精通的
collaborative adj. 协作的
commission vt. 委任,委托
put an end to 结束,终止
tone down 使柔和,缓和
appease vt. 安抚,平息
contemporary n. 同时代的人
erect vt. 竖立

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