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大学英语四六级晨读经典365:夏日激情篇 137 Thomas Edward Lawrence 托马斯·爱德华·劳伦斯(mp3)

merryangle87 于2014-08-19发布 l 已有人浏览
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托马斯·爱德华·劳伦斯也称“阿拉伯的劳伦斯”,因其在1916年至1918年的阿拉伯大起义中作为英国联络官的角色而出名。
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137 Thomas Edward Lawrence 托马斯·爱德华·劳伦斯

Thomas Edward Lawrence was born on August 16,1888 at Tremadoc in North Wales He was the second of five sons of Sir Thomas Chapman and Sarah Junner. Popularly known as Lawrence of Arabia. Lawrence became famous for his exploits as British Military liaison to the Arab Revolt during the First World War.
托马斯·爱德华·劳伦斯于1888年8月16日出生在北爱尔兰的特雷马多格,他在托马斯·查普曼爵士和萨拉·琼斯的五个儿子中排行第二,人们更喜欢叫他阿拉伯的劳伦斯,他因在一战期间的阿拉伯大起义中作为英国军事联络官而出名。

Lawrence had been fascinated by archaeology since childhood. After graduating with honors from Oxford in 1910, he served as an assistant at a British Museum excavation in Iraq (then known as Mesopotamia). When broke out with Germany in 1314, Lawrence spent a brief period in the Geographical Section of the General Staff in London, and was then posted to the Military Intelligence Department in Cairo. In 1916, the Arabs rebelled against the Turkish Empire. Lawrence was sent to Mecca on a fact-finding mission, ultimately becoming the British liaison officer to the Arabs.
劳伦斯从小就迷上了考古学,1910年,他从牛津大学光荣毕业,担任英国博物馆伊拉克研究所(当时称为达米亚)的助理研究员,1914年,战争在德国爆发,劳伦斯在伦敦总部地理部工作过一段时间,后被派往开罗军事情报局任职。1916年,阿拉伯起义反抗土耳其帝国统治,劳伦斯被派往麦加进行事实调查,最终成为英国驻阿拉伯的联络官。

After the war Lawrence served in the British Delegation at the Paris Peace Conference, where he promoted the cause of Arab independence. Despite his efforts Syria, Palestine and Iraq were mandated to France and Britain. Lawrence returned to England exhausted and disappointed. By the end of 1920, British attempts to impose a colonial rule in Iraq had provoked an open rebellion. Winston Churchill was appointed by the British Colonial Office to find a solution, and persuaded Lawrence to join him as adviser. By the summer of 1922 Churchill, with considerable aid from Lawrence, had achieved a settlement of the situation.
战后,劳伦斯担任巴黎和平会议的英国代表,在哪里,他促进了阿拉伯国家独立事业的发展。尽管他竭尽全力谈判。最后,苏里亚、巴勒斯坦和伊拉克还是归法国和英国统治。劳伦斯返回英格兰。身心疲惫。满心失望。到1920年底。英国试图对伊拉克实行殖民政策。这激起伊拉克人民的公开反抗。英国殖民地办事处让温斯顿·丘吉尔解决这一问题,温斯顿·丘吉尔说服劳伦斯担任他的顾问。1922年夏天,丘吉尔在劳伦
斯的大力帮助下平息了起义。

In 1922 Lawrence resigned his position with the Colonial Office and enlisted in the RAF under an assumed game. With the help of a highly-placed friend he re-en-listed in the Tank Corps as "Thomas Edward Shaw". Between 1922 and early 1927. Lawrence revised "Seven Pil-lars" for publication, and edited an abridgement of the book called "Revolt in the Desert". Half way through this work he succeeded in transferring back to the RAF.
1922年,劳伦斯辞去他在殖民地办事处和英国皇家空军中假名的职务,在一位身居高位的朋友帮助下,化名“托马斯·爱德华·肖”加入英国陆军。192至1927年早期,他修订出版了《智慧的七柱》,并且对《沙漠起义》这本书做了删改。在这期间,他又重新调回英国皇家空军。

In March 1935 his twelve-year enlistment came to an end and he retired to "Clouds Hill" (the name of his cottage) in Dorset. England. Two months later he was thrown from his motorcycle while on a local errand. He suffered severe head injuries and died some days later with-out regaining consciousness.
1935年3月。他结束自己12年的服役生涯,退休隐居于多塞特郡的乡间农庄“云雾山”。两个月后,他不幸在当地出差路上从摩托车上摔下来,头部严重受伤。几天后,在无意识状态下去世。

英语词汇注释

serve as 担任,充当
mandate vt. 委任
provoke vt. 激起
with the help of 在……的帮助下
errand n. 差使,差事
consciousness n. 意识,知觉

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