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大学英语四六级晨读经典365:夏日激情篇 139 Romain Rolland 罗曼·罗兰(mp3)

merryangle87 于2014-08-20发布 l 已有人浏览
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罗曼·罗兰,法国著名小说家、剧作家、评论家和社会活动家。《约翰·克利斯朵夫》是罗曼·罗兰的代表作。
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139 Romain Rolland 罗曼·罗兰

Romain Rolland, the great French savant, novelist, dramatist, essayist and mystic--Romain Rolland (1866--1944) was awarded Nobel Prize for Literature in 1915.
1915年,伟大的法国学者,小说家,剧作家,散文家和神秘主义者——罗曼·罗兰(1866-1944)被授予诺贝尔文学奖。

He was born in Clamecy, Nievre, France. His family was of mixed stock including both wealthy townspeople and poorer  peasant" lineage.
他出生在法国中部民埃佛省的克拉美西。他的家庭是由富有的城镇市民血统和贫民血统组成的混血家庭。

Romain Rolland went to University in 1886 where he studied philosophy; however, he didn't enjoy the rigid syllabus and so left before he had finished his course. Instead, he received a degree in history. After university, he spent a couple of years in Italy greatly admiring Italian masterpieces.
1886年,罗曼·罗兰进入大学学习哲学,但他对哲学课程中那一成不变、僵化的特点并没有兴趣,所以他没有修完课程就离开了学。但是他获得了历史学学位,大学毕业后,他在意大利待了几年,并被意大利的那些优秀作品所深深吸引。

On returning to France, he took up posts teaching at various universities, including the Sorbonne. However, his heart was never in teaching. He preferred to be a writer. Therefore, he quit his teaching post to dedicate his time to writing. Rolland was the nature introverted. He didn't make close friendships but absorbed himself in his writing. During the German occupation of France from 1940, he led a life of isolation and was very much a loner.
返回法国后,他在很多学校担任教学职务,其中包括索尔邦大学。然而,他的心思从来都没真正放在教学上,他一心想当作家。因此,他辞去了教学职务,潜心致力于写作。罗曼·罗兰的性格内向,也不善于交朋友,只是一心扑在他的写作上。从1940年开始,在德国占领法国期间,他一直过着与世隔绝的生活,可谓是真正的独行侠。

Romain Rolland was a lifelong pacifist. He was a great admirer of Gandhi and in 1924 wrote a book on Gandhi. This book was important for Gandhi's reputation. The two men were able to meet in 1931. Throughout his life, Romain Rolland retained a keen interest in Indian spirituality. He also wrote a biography of the great Hindu Saint Sri Ramakrishna. Romain Rolland was also a keen admirer of Sri Aurobindo, a leading Indian nationalist and then teacher of Yoga. Romain Rolland died on Dec 30th,1944 in Vezelay.
罗曼·罗兰一生倡导和平,他非常敬仰甘地,并于1924年写了一本关于甘地的书。这本书对提高甘地的声誉起到了非常重要的作用,1931年,两人得以相见。罗曼·罗兰一生都对印第安人的信仰有着浓厚的兴趣。他还撰写了一本关于伟大的印度教圣徒罗摩克里希那的个人传记。罗曼·罗兰也是奥洛宾多的忠实追随者.奥洛宾多是印第安民族的领导者,之后成为瑜伽教练。罗曼·罗兰于1944年12月30日在韦兹莱逝世。

英语词汇注释

lineage n. 血统
a couple of 两个,几个
masterpiece n. 杰作
prefer vi. 宁可
spirituality n. 信仰,灵性

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