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大学英语四六级晨读经典365:夏日激情篇 140 Father of KFC 肯德基之父(mp3)

merryangle87 于2014-08-20发布 l 已有人浏览
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在世界各个角落,我们都会看到一个老人的笑脸:花白胡须,白色西装,黑色眼镜,永远都是这个打扮。
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

140 Father of KFC 肯德基之父

Fast food entrepreneur, Harland Sanders, was born on September 9th, 1890 in Henryville, Indiana. After his father died when he was six, Sanders became responsible for feeding and taking care of his younger brother and sister. From the age of 10, he held down numerous jobs, including farmer, streetcar conductor, railroad fireman and insurance salesman.
1890年9月9日,快餐大王哈兰·山德士出生在美国印第安纳州的亨利维尔。在他的父亲去世后,6岁的山德士负担起抚养和照顾弟妹的重任。从10岁开始,他已经接揽过众多工作,比如农民,电车司机,火车消防员和保险推销员。

At age 40, Sanders was running a service station in Kentucky, where he would also feed hungry travelers. He eventually moved his operation to a restaurant across the street, and featured a fried chicken so notable that Sanders was named a Kentucky Colonel in 1935 by Governor Ruby Laffoon.
40岁时,山德士在肯塔基开了一家加油站,在那里他也向过路人出售食品。最后他干脆在街对面开了一家餐厅。由于他的炸鸡闻名遐迩,他于1935年被肯塔基州长鲁比·拉丰授予肯塔基上校的官衔。

After closing the restaurant in1952, Sanders devoted himself to franchising his chicken business. He traveled across the country, cooking batches of chicken from restaurant to restaurant, striking deals that paid a nickel for every chicken the restaurant sold. In 1964, with more than 600 franchised outlets, he sold his interest in the company for 2 million dollars to a group of investors.
1952年,山德士关闭了餐厅,开始全身心投入到他的炸鸡特许经营生意。他跑遍了整个国家,一家餐厅一家餐厅地表演炸鸡,而且餐厅每卖出一只鸡,就付给山德士5美分达成交易。1964年,随着600多家特许经营权被售出,山德士将该事业以200万美元的价格卖给了投资商。

Kentucky Fried Chicken went public in 1966. More than 3,500 franchised and company-owned restaurants were in worldwide operation when Heublein Inc. acquired KFC Corporation in 1971 for 285 million dollars. Kentucky Fried Chicken became a subsidiary of R.J.Reynolds Industries, Inc. (now RJR Nabisco Inc.) when Heublein Inc. was acquired by Reynolds in 1982. KFC was acquired in October, 1986 from RJR Nabisco, Inc. by Pepsico , Inc., for approximately 840 million dollars.
在1966年,肯德基才真正走向大众。1971年,当休伯莱恩公司以两亿八千五百万美元注册肯德基公司时,3,500多家拥有特许经营权和公司所属的餐厅已开始运营。1982年,当休伯莱恩公司被雷诺兹购买时。肯德基炸鸡成了雷诺,纳比斯克公司(现在的雷诺兹·纳贝斯克公司)的副产品。1986年10月,百氏集团以大约八亿四千万美元的高价购买了曾诺兹纳贝斯克公司的肯德基炸鸡这一品牌商标。

Sanders continued to visit the KFC restaurants around the world as a spokesman until he died in 1980 of leukemia at the age of 90.
山德士一直都以肯德基代言人的身份到世界各地的肯德基店去探望:直到1980年他死于白血病。享年90岁。

英语词汇注释

entrepreneur n. 企业家
be/become responsible for 对……负责
franchise vt. 赋予特许权
subsidiary n. 子公司

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