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大学英语四六级晨读经典365:夏日激情篇 142 Alfred Nobel 阿尔佛雷德一诺贝尔(mp3)

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阿尔佛雷德·诺贝尔于1833年出生在斯德哥尔摩,他的父亲是瑞典的一位工程师。
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142 Alfred Nobel

142 阿尔佛雷德一诺贝尔

Alfred Nobel was born the son of a Swedish construction worker in Stockholm. 1833 Born in Stockholm. Sweden. Nobel moved with his family as a youngster to St. Petersburg where he was tutored privately by leading university professors. After the Crimean War, the family reed to Sweden.

阿尔佛雷德·诺贝尔于1833年出生在斯德哥尔摩,他的父亲是瑞典的一位工程师。虽然生在瑞典首都斯德哥尔摩,但他很小的时候就随家人一起迁往圣彼得堡。在那里,家里给他聘请了重点大学的一位教授做私人辅导,在克里米亚战争后,一家人重返瑞典。

He invented dynamite in 1866 and it made him rich. Nobel was as interested in drama and poetry' as he, I was in chemistry and physics, but it was in the sciences that he made his fame.

1866年时,诺贝尔发明了炸药.并因此变得富有。就像热爱化学与物理一样,他对戏剧和诗歌也有着浓厚的兴趣。然而让他一跃成名的却是在自然科学领域。

By the time of his death he held more than 350 patents in different countries in electrochemistry, optics, biology, and physiology and controlled factories and labs in 20 countries. Although he worked for the majority of his life developing explosives, Nobel was essentially a pacifist. When, in his later years he drew up a well, he stated that he wished the majority of his nine million do1lar fortune to be used to fund awards in different fields of study. He stated that the awards should be given to those who have conferred the greatest benefit to mankind.

在诺贝尔去世前,他已经拥有了不同国家不同领域的如多项发明专利,如:电化学,光学,生物学及生理学,并在20个国家开设了工厂和实验室。尽管诺贝尔将毕生的精力花在研究炸药上,但他却是一个彻底的和平主义者。他在晚年立下遗嘱,将自己900万美元遗产的绝大多数作为在各个不同领域研究的基金奖励,并申明这项荣誉要颁给对人类事业有卓越贡献的人。

The Swedish inventor and industrialist, was a man of many contrasts. He was the son of a bankrupt, but became a millionaire; a scientist with the love of literature. However, he was a industrialist who managed to remain an idealist. Although Alfred Nvbe1 used his powers as an industrialist to produce and then sell the product, he should be best remembered for his legacy. Through his will, outstanding artists, scientists and humanitarians alike have been able to push through their invaluable work for the good of humankind.

这位瑞典的发明家,实业家,是一个集众多矛盾于一身的人。他是破产者的儿子,日后却成了百万富翁:他是科学家,却爱好文学。他还是个始终拥有理想主义特色的实业家。尽管阿尔佛雷德·诺贝尔以工业家的身份来生产并出售他的发明,但是他最应该被人们记住的却是他的遗产。通过这份遗嘱,杰出的艺术,科学家以及人类学家等等均为人类的事业作出了卓越的贡献。
 

英语词汇注释

make fame 获得声誉,赢得名声
draw up a will 写下遗嘱
industrialist n. 工业家,实业家
push through 促成,完成

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