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大学英语四六级晨读经典365:夏日激情篇 146 The Example of American 美国人的典范(mp3)

merryangle87 于2014-08-25发布 l 已有人浏览
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本杰明·富兰克林——资本主义精神最完美的代表,18世纪美国最伟大的科学家,著名的政治家和文学家。
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146 The Example of American

146 美国人的典范

Aside from George Washington, Benjamin Franklin is probably the most famous and well-loved American of the 1700s Perhaps this is because his many achievements represent the best of what it means to be an American Not only was Franklin one of America's Founding Fathers but he was also a printer. author. scientist, inventor, and musician.

在18世纪,除了乔治·华盛顿外,本杰明·富兰克林可能是美国最著名的,最受人爱戴的人,这也许是因为他的许多成就都表明了他是美国人的典范。富兰克林不仅是美国国父之一,而且他还是印刷商,作家,科学家,发明家和音乐家。

Franklin was born in Boston. Massachusetts, but he thought of Philadelphia. Pennsylvania, as his home As a young man, he worked in Philaphia as a printer By the time he was 22 years old, he had a print shop of his own From this shop he published a newspaper called the Pennsylvania Gazette and his famous yearly journal. Poor Richard's Almanack.

富兰克林出生在曼彻斯特的波士顿,但是他却把宾夕法尼亚的费城当作自己的家。年轻的时候.他在宾夕法尼亚做过印刷工。到了22岁的时候,他有了一家自己的印刷厂,并出版了一份名为《宾夕法尼亚》报和一篇名为《可怜的查理德历书》的年度日志。

In Philaphia Franklin helped start a club called the Junto. which was made up of business people like him With the help of Junto members, Franklin did many things to improve daily life He started Philadelphia's first fire and police departments and hospital as well as the first lending library in the American colonies. He also came up with the idea for the Academy of Philadelphia This school was founded in 1751 and later became the University of Pennsylvania.

在费城,他帮着创办了一个名为“共读社”的俱乐部。这个俱乐部是由像他这样的生意人组成的。在“共读社”成员的帮助下,富兰克林做了很多事情来改善他平时的生活。他在北美殖民地建立起了第一个消防局和警察局,以及第—个公共医院和第一个公共图书馆。他提出创办费城学院的想法,并且于1751年建立,后来费城学院就变成了宾夕法尼亚大学。

When the thirteen colonies decided they wanted independence from Britain, they sent Franklin to Britain to speak for them. When the American Revolution began, it was Franklin again who went to France to ask for help for the patriots. He also helped write the Declaration of Independence By 1787 Franklin's health was failing. but he still wanted to contribute to the writing of the Constitution.

当13个殖民地决定从英国独立时,他们派富兰克林以殖民地代表的身份到英国谈判。美国独立战争爆发后,富兰克林又被派往法国向那些爱国者寻求帮助,同时他也担任《独立宣言》的起草工作。到1787年,富兰克林的健康状况每况愈下,但他仍然想对宪法的制定做出贡献。

Because of his age and his illness he was carried to the meetings in a traveling chair. Even when he was seriously ill, the freedom and success of future Americans were very important to him. His full life ended peacefully in 1790. when he died at the age of 84.

由于年迈多病,他是坐在旅行用的椅子上被抬去参加会议的,甚至当他病得很严重的时候,美国的自由和成功对他来说仍然非常重要。1790年,他平静地走完他的一生,享年84岁。
 

英语词汇注释

mean to do 本意要做(某事)
of one's own 属于……自己的
be make up of 由……构成
come up with 提出,想出
contribute to 有助于,贡献给

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