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大学英语四六级晨读经典365:夏日激情篇 149 Charles de Gaulle 查尔斯·戴高乐(mp3)

merryangle87 于2014-08-28发布 l 已有人浏览
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查尔斯·戴高乐既是法国的一名将军,也是一位政治家,而且他还是二战期间法国革命的领导者和第五共和政体的创始人。
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149 Charles de Gaulle

149 查尔斯·戴高乐

Charles de Gaulle was a French general and statesman, leader of the Free French during World WarⅡ and the architect of the Fifth Republic. His political ideology, "Gaullism", has become a major influence in French politics.

查尔斯·戴高乐既是法国的一名将军,也是一位政治家,而且他还是二战期间法国革命的领导者和第五共和政体的创始人。他的“戴高乐主义”政治思想已经成为法国政体的主要影响因素。

Charles de Gaulle was born in Lille on 22 November 1890 and grew up in Paris, where his father was a teacher. De Gaulle chose a military career and served with distinction in the World War One.

查尔斯·戴高乐于1890年11月22日出生在里尔,但是,他却在巴黎长大,他父亲是那儿的一名教师。戴高乐选择了军事生涯。并在一战中表现突出。

During the 1930s he wrote books and articles on military subjects. criticising France's reliance on the Maginot Line for defence against Germany and advocating the formation of mechanised armoured columns. His advice went unheeded and. in June 1940, German forces easily overran France As Under-Secretary of National Defence and War, de Gaulle refused to accept the French Government's truce with the Germans and escaped to London. where he announced the formation of a French Govemment in exile He became leader of the Free French.

在20世纪30年代期间,他撰写了许多关于军事题材的书和文章。他批评法国依赖马其诺防线来抵御德国的入侵,他提倡组建机械化的武装部队。但是他的提议无人采纳。1940年6月,德国军队轻而易举地就进入了法国境内。作为国防和战事副秘书长,他反对法国政府向德国妥协停战,之后他便逃到了伦敦。在那里,他宣布组建一个逃亡中的法国政府。他成了法国革命的领导者。

After the liberation of Paris in August 1944. de Gaulle was given a hero's welcome in the French capital. As President of the Provisional Government. he guided France through the writing of the constitution on which the Fourth Republic was based. However. when his desires for a strong presidency were ignored. he resigned An attempt to transform the political scene with a new party failed, and in 1953 he withdrew into retirement again.

1944年8月,巴黎解放后,戴高乐作为一名英雄人物,受到了法国首都人民的热烈欢迎。作为临时政府的总统,他领导起草了第四共和国政体的基本宪法。然而,当他想要组建一个强大的政府体系的决心不受重视时,他辞职了。1953年,他尝试改革政治局面,组建新的政党,但是失败了,他再次辞职隐退。

In 1958. a revolt in French-held Algeria combined with serious instability within France, destroyed the Fourth Republic De Gaulle returned to lead France once more. The French people approved a new constitution and voted de Gaulle President of the Fifth Republic. Strongly nationalistic, de Gaulle sought to strengthen his country financially and militarily. He sanctioned the development of nuclear weapons, withdrew France from NATO and vetoed the entry of Britain into the Common Market. He also granted independence to Algeria in the face of strong opposition at home and from French settlers in Algeria.

1958年,由法国控制的阿尔及利亚爆发了起义,加上法国内部极度动荡不安,最后导致第四共和国政体的解体。此时,戴高乐重新恢复了他的领导地位。法国人民支持新宪法,并选举戴高乐担任第五共和国政体的总统。胸怀强烈的民族主义意识,戴高乐从财政和军事上来壮大自己的国家。他鼓励发展核武器,将法国从北大西洋公约组织中撤离出来,禁止大不列颠进入欧洲共同市场。面对国内和在阿尔及利亚的法国殖民者的强烈反对.他仍然承认阿尔及利亚的独立。
 

英语词汇注释

grow up 长大,成长
distinction n. 差别,不同
truce n. 休战
constitution n. 宪法
desire for 希望
revolt n. 叛乱,反抗
withdraw vt. 撤回,取回

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