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大学英语四六级晨读经典365:夏日激情篇 150 The Famous Writer 著名的作家(mp3)

merryangle87 于2014-08-31发布 l 已有人浏览
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巴尔扎克是19世纪法国伟大的批判现实主义作家,欧洲批判现实主义文学的莫基人和杰出代表。
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150 The Famous Writer

150 著名的作家

Honore de Balzac was born on March 20, l799 in Tours, France. His father was a regional administrator, who married a daughter of his boss. The family moved to Paris in 1915.There Balzac went to Sorbonne, matriculaced in jurisprudence, and became a clerk for an attorney.

奥诺雷·德·巴尔扎克于1799年3月20日出生于法国的一个小城图尔。他的父亲是当地的行政官员,娶了上司的女儿为妻。1915年,他们一家移居巴黎。巴尔扎克在那儿考入索邦大学的法律系,同时做了一名律师的记录员。

His efforts of publishing his early noels failed. He was in debt. His activity as a journalist brought recognition among ntellectuals for his political and cultural reviews.

巴尔扎克曾尝试着发表他的早期小说,但失败了,他因此负债累累。之后,他改行当记者,他出色的政治与文化言论使得他在文人圈中大获赞誉。

Balzac created the idea of a serialized cross-genre web of stories and novels, linked together as a broad historic panorama of lives and events. This idea was implemented in his La Cornedie humance. It included almost a hundred stories. novels and essays. some of which unnnishcd Such a vast body of handwriting could not become possible without an obsession  His plans and plots, grew constantly and often changed, just to include a new idea based on a fresh gossip. All together his works reflected on a mosaic of life in Paris and France from the1820s to 1850s.

他提出故事和小说连载的构想,将生活和事件作为一个大的历史背景联系起来。他的这种想法在《人间喜剧》中得到了实现。这部巨著包含近100个故事,小说和短篇,其中一部分还未完成。当然.如此浩大的文学作品在创作过程中难免碰到一些困扰。他的计划与构思无时无刻不在发展变化,就是为了将一个建立在新的言论中的想法囊括其中。他的作品反映了19世纪20年代至50年代巴黎乃至整个法国的生活场景。

"Les Chouans"(1829) was a prologue to the collection of Balsac's interconnected works, known as the Human Conzedv. Balzac was writing 14 to 18 hours a day and often through the night. constantly doping himself with countless cups of coffee. He draw upon ideas from Water Scott and Shakespeare. like in "Le pere Goriot" (Father Goriot 1835). a King Lear type story set in 1820s
Paris. He also creaied many of his own purely original plots and introduced over 2.000 characters through the, books of the Humani Comedy. The largest "stones" in his pyramid of fiction are "Eugene Grande"(1833), a thousand-page saga "Les Illusions Perctues" (1843). "Le cousin Pons"( 1847). "La Cousine Bette"( 1848) Balsac's novel "Eugenia Grande" was translated into Russian by the young writer Fyodor Dostoyevsky in 1844.

《朱利安党人》(1829)是巴尔扎克的第一部长篇小说,与《人间喜剧》一样闻名于世。他每天写作14至18个小时并且时常通宵达旦,甚至经常喝很多咖啡来完成写作。他从瓦尔特·司各特及莎士比亚身上获取灵感,比如《高老头》,就是发生在19世纪20年代法国的一个翻版李尔王的故事。当然,巴尔扎克也设计出不少原创性构思,例如,在《人间喜剧》这部巨著中就有2000多个不同性格的人物。他的小说有《欧也妮·葛朗台》(1833年),《幻灭》(1843年),《邦斯舅舅》(1843年),《贝姨》(1848年),这些都成为他著作中的瑰宝。1844年,他的小说《欧也妮·葛朗台》还被当时俄国的年轻作家陀思妥耶夫斯基亲笔翻译。
 

英语词汇注释

matriculate vt. 准许入学
in debt 欠债
serialize vt. 写成连载长篇而刊登
obsession n. 成见
base on 基于
prologue n. 开场白,序言
countless adj. 无数的

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