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大学英语四六级晨读经典365:夏日激情篇 165 Egyptian Queen Cleopatra埃及艳后克莉奥帕卓(mp3)

merryangle87 于2014-09-22发布 l 已有人浏览
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埃及艳后克莉奥帕卓是历史上一位霞负盛名的神秘女子:她广为传颂的艳名,她与恺撒、安东尼的两段恋情。
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165 Egyptian Queen Cleopatra

165 埃及艳后克莉奥帕卓

Three centuries later. shortly before the birth of Christ. Egypt was still ruled by a living goddess. Cleopatra. a Greek descended from one of Alexander's generals. She looked back to the Golden Age of Alexander's world empire and was determined to do even better herself.

300车后,也就是耶稣诞生前不久,埃及依然在克莉奥帕卓女王的统治下,她是亚历山大大帝手下一名希腊将领的后代。她一面追忆着亚历山大帝国的辉煌时期,一面决意要做得更为出色。

Alexander died at the age of 32. By the time Cleopatra was 23. she had gone ever further than Alexander making her entrance into Rome as Queen of Egypt and consort of Julius Caesar, the most powerful man in the world.

亚历山大于32岁驾崩,当时埃及艳后仅23岁,她远行的疆界比亚历山大更远,她以埃及王后和世界上最有权力的人——朱利叶斯·恺撤情人的身份走进罗马。

These were complex times. To keep your thronec, you had to be adaptable. ruthless, intelligent and a great politician Cleopatra had all these traits which are why history has provided us with  lots of interpretations of Cleopatra Renaissance poets saw her as a heroine dying for love And painters alluded to her eroticism in their bare breasted portrayals of the dying queen. Hollywood reinforced the image of Cleopatra as a vamp starting with Theda Bara's seductive portrayal in 1917.

当时局面非常复杂,要保住王位,你就必须得灵活,无情,机智,还必须是一名出色的政客。这些特点埃及艳后全部具备,这也解释了为什么我们会从历史上看到对她的种种不同说辞,文艺复兴时期的诗人将她视成为爱情献身的女英雄。画家们把她描绘为裸胸垂死的充满贪欲的女王。好莱坞的电影强化了她的荡妇形象——第一部在1917年由桑德·芭拉以媚蛮,十足的形象出现。

But who was the real Cleopatra? What did she really look like?

可是埃及艳后究竟是怎样的人?她的真实面貌到底如何呢?

We're in Berlin because this is the best portrait of Cleopatra in the world. There are very few ancient sculptures that are existing So this is probably as close as we're ever going to get to how she really looked. She's rather plain looking. isn't she? Look at her hair. It's tied up in a simple bun It's a classical Greek hairstyle. It's practical but not exactly designed to captivate I a Roman general.

于是我们来到了柏林,这儿有全世界最好的埃及艳后的肖像。现在保存下来的古代雕像已是凤毛麟角,所以这一尊也许能帮助我们尽多地了解她的真实外貌。她长得极其平常,不是吗?看看她的头发,仅仅是简单地挽了个髻。这是古希腊典型的发型。风格朴实.并非特别设计来俘获罗马统帅的。

The ancient sources tell us she was intelligent, witty, charming, a linguist and along with this, she had a tremendous determination It was this amazing combination of abilities that made Cleopatra the most famous woman in history It wasn't her beauty.

古代史料还告诉我们,她聪明,诙谐,迷人,精通多种语言,而且,她还具有坚强的意志。正是集合了这种种才华而绝非美貌,才使得埃及艳后成为历史上最负盛名的女性。

Women in Egypt had always been powerful: Queen Hatshepsut. Nefertiti and now Cleopatra. But during the era of the Ptolemy's, the role of Greek women had changed. They gained an identity apart from that of their husbands or families Women participated in the arts and civic life and marriage became a union of two people. not just two houses. The portraits of the women of this period show strong individuals with confidence They're almost haunting. Women would not have this power again until the 20th Century Cleopatra was well educated. strong minded with ideas of her own and a female.

过去,埃及妇女的势力向来不弱,如哈特谢普苏特女王,奈费尔提蒂女王,以及现在这位克莉奥帕卓女王。但在托勒密王朝时期,希腊妇女的角色发生了改变。她们取得了弛立于丈夫和家庭之外的身份,参与到艺术和市民生活中去,并以两个个人而不是两家人的名义缔结婚姻。这一时期的妇女形象表现出了强烈的个性与自信。这些都给我们留下了深刻的印象。20世纪以前,妇女们都没有再拥有过这种权力。埃及艳后是一位受过良好教育、意志坚强_有独立见解的女性。
 

英语词汇注释

century n. 世纪
adaptable adj. 能适应的
heroine n. 女英雄
allude vi. 暗示
eroticism n. 色情
linguist n. 语言学家

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