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大学英语四六级晨读经典365:夏日激情篇 174 William ShakeSpeare威廉姆·莎士比亚(mp3)

merryangle87 于2014-09-27发布 l 已有人浏览
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莎士比亚是16世纪后半叶至17世纪初英国最著名的作家(本·琼斯称他为“时代的灵魂”),也是欧洲文艺复兴时期人文主义文学的集大成者。
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174 William ShakeSpeare

174 威廉姆·莎士比亚

Shakespeare was born in the village of Stratford-upon-Avon in Warwickshire.

莎士比亚出生在沃里克郡埃文河畔的斯特拉特福镇。

Shakespeare's first exposure to the theater Probably occurred when he was young. As a child his father probably took him to see plays when traveling troupes of actors came to town. although that was not often.

他第一次去剧院,可能还是在他很小的时候。那时,当巡回演出剧团的演员们来到小镇时,他的父亲都会尽可能地带他去看演出,虽然戏剧团不常来。

Shakespean. was married to Anne Hathaway in 1582. when he was 18; she was 26. eight years his senior Most historians believe that Shakespeare was not often around his family in Stratford after that because historical records show him in London during the following years.

1582年,他和安妮·海瑟薇结婚了,那时他才18岁,可是安妮·海瑟薇26岁,比莎士比亚大8岁。大多数的历史学家认为,莎士比亚婚后不常呆在位于斯特拉特的家中,因为历史记载显示,随后几年他一直呆在伦敦。

The first written reference to Shakespeare's existence in London occurred in 1592. when Shakespeare was in his late twenties. He seems to have been fairly well established in the theatre by that point since the Reference. written by another playwright. hints of jealousy at Shakespeare's success.

第一份表明莎士比亚在伦敦的书面文献出版于1592年,当时莎士比亚已近30岁。那时的他好像已经完全确立了在剧院的优势地位,因为另一名剧作家攥写了一篇文章,其中暗示了他对莎士比亚所取得的成就的嫉妒。

With his two patrons, the Earls of South Hampton and Pembrooke. Shakespeare rose quickly in the theater as both an actor and an author. He joined the Lord Chamberlin's Men. an acting company which was protected by the Queen. becoming a shareholder and senior member in 1595. Because of his success in London. he was able to purchase New Place, the largest and most elegant house in his home town of Stratford.when he was in his early thirties (1597).

在他的两位赞助者南汉普顿的伯爵和佩姆布鲁克的帮助下,莎士比亚迅速地成长为剧院的演员兼作家。他如入了一个名叫贵族钱伯林的演艺公司,这家演艺公司是在女皇的庇护下成长起来的。在1595年,他人股此公司,成为公司的股东和高级成员。他在伦敦取得的巨大成就,使得他在30出头就有能力购买他家乡斯特拉特福最大,最雅致的房子——“新宫”。

In addition to his popularity as both an actor and playwright. Shakespeare became joint owner of the famous Globe Theater when it opened in 1599. His share of the company's management added heavily to his wealth.

除了作为演员和剧作家取得成就以外,莎士比亚还入股了1599年设立的著名的环球剧院。参与管理这家公司使他又赚取了不少财富。

Shakespeare's financial success in the London the atre enabled him to retire and return to his home in Stratford around 1610. He lived there comfortably until his death on April 23. 1616 (it is popularly believed that he died on his birthday). He is buried in Holy Trinity Church in Stratford-upon-Avon.

莎士比亚在伦敦剧院所取得的财政成就,使他得以退休并于1610年左右返回家乡斯特拉特福。他在那里安度晚年!直到1616年4月23日去世(很多人都认为那一天刚好是他的生日)。他被安葬在埃文河畔斯特拉特福的圣三一教堂里。
 

英语词汇注释

exposure n. 曝光
troupe n. 一团,一班
existence n. 存在
jealousy n. 妒嫉,妒忌
shareholder n. 股东
playwright n. 剧作家

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