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大学英语四六级晨读经典365:夏日激情篇 175 Romantic Poet Shelley浪漫主义诗人雪莱(mp3)

merryangle87 于2014-09-27发布 l 已有人浏览
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雪莱是跟拜伦齐名的欧洲著名浪漫主义诗人,其作品热情而富有哲理,诗风自由不羁,常任天上地下,时间空间,神怪精灵往来变幻驰骋,又惯用梦幻象征手法和远古神话题材。
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175 Romantic Poet Shelley

175 浪漫主义诗人雪莱

Percy Bysshe Shelley was born on 4 August 1792 in Horsham. Sussex. England. He was the eldest of the seven children of Elizabeth Pilfold and Timothy Shelley, a country squire who would become baronet in 1815 on the death of his father When he was 12. he entered Eton College These six years in a conventional institution were not happy ones for Shelley. where his idealism and controversial philosophies were developing. At this time he wrote such works as the Gothic Zastrozzi ( 1810) and The Necessity ofAtheism ( 1811).

雪菜于1792年8月4日出生于英格兰苏塞克斯郡的沃恩汉:他父亲是当地的大地主,1815年,他父亲去世以后,作为伊丽莎白·彼佛德与蒂莫西·雪莱夫妇7个孩子中的长子,雪莱世袭成为准男爵。12岁那年,他进入伊顿公学,在那个因循守旧的地方度过了很不愉快的6年。但是在那儿,雪莱的理想主义和富有争议的哲学观点得到发展。期间,他写了讽刺小说《扎斯特罗奇》(1810年)和诗《流浪的犹太人》(1811年)。

After Shelley's expulsion from Oxford College for expressing his atheistic views, and now estranged from his father. he eloped with sixteen-year old Harriet Westbrook (1795-1816) to Scotland. They married on 28 August 1811.

由于发表了无神论的观点,雪莱被牛津大学开除,并被父亲逐出家门。之后,他与16岁的赫利埃特·委斯特布洛克(1795—1816年)私奔到苏格兰,于1811年8月28日结婚。

Influenced by William Wordsworth. he continued to write poetry including Queen Mab: A Philosophical Poem (1813) and participated in various political reform activities. He was also studying the writings of Godwin's and embracing his radical philosophy.”

受威廉·华兹华斯的影响,雪莱仍坚持写诗,如《仙后麦布》(1813年),还参加各种政治改革活动。同时,他也学习葛德文的著作,信奉他激进的哲学思想。

In 1818. the Shelley's moved to Italy and their son Percy Florence was born a year later Advocates of vegetarianism. the Shelley' s wrote numerous articles about the subject.

1818年,雪莱夫妇移居到意大利,并在一年以后迎来了他们的儿子珀西·佛罗伦萨的降生。夫妇二人还写了大量文章,提倡素食主义。

Shelley continued to venture on sailing trips on his schooner "Don Juan" It sank on 8 July 1822 in a storm and Shelley drowned. at the age of twenty-nine. His body washed ashore and he was cremated on the beach-near Viareggio His ashes are buried in the Protestant Cemetery in Rome, Italy.

1822年7月8日,雪莱在乘坐纵帆船“唐璜”号探险途中遭遇风暴,船沉人海底,雪莱溺水身亡,年仅29岁。他的遗体被冲到岸边,并在维博瓦伦蒂亚附近的海滩被火化。之后,雪莱的骨灰被带回意大利,安葬在罗马的新教徒公墓。

The Shelley Memorial now stands at University College, Oxford, England, in honour of one of their most illustrious alumni It features a white marble statue depicting Shelley as he appeared when washed ashore. Shelley's wife. having moved back to London with the son Percy Florence. devoted much of her time after her husband's death to compiling and publishing his works.

雪莱纪念碑现坐落于英格兰牛津大学,以示对这位最杰出的男校友的敬意。这尊白色大理石雕像以描写雪莱当时被冲到岸边的样子为其特色。雪莱的妻子在丈夫去世后,带着儿子珀西·佛罗伦萨回到伦敦,并投人大量的时间整理编辑和出版丈夫的作品。
 

英语词汇注释

squire n. 乡绅
baronet n. 准男爵
estrange from 疏远
in honour of 向……表示敬意

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