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大学英语四六级晨读经典365:夏日激情篇 179 Napoleon Bonaparte拿破仑·波拿巴(mp3)

merryangle87 于2014-09-30发布 l 已有人浏览
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拿破仑,法兰西帝国缔造者,卓越的军事家,野心勃勃的政治家。先后多次打垮了欧洲各个封建君主国组织的“反法同盟”。
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179 Napoleon Bonaparte

179 拿破仑·波拿巴

Napoleon Bonaparte was born on August 15,1769 in Ajaccio on the Mediterranean island of Corsica. Through his military exploits and his ruthless efficiency, Napoleon rose from obscurity to become Napoleon I, Empereur des Francais Emperor of the French. He is both a historical figure and a legend and it is sometimes difficult to separate the two. The events of his life fired the imaginations of great writers, film makers, and playwrights whose works have done much to create Napoleonic legend.

1769年8月15日,拿破仑·波拿巴出生于地中海科西嘉岛的阿雅克肖城。由于他的军事伟绩和残忍手段,拿破仑由一位无名之辈成长为法国的君主—拿破仑一世。他既是一位历史人物,也是一位传奇人物——有时很难将两者区分开来。他的生平事迹激发了伟大的作家、电影制作者和剧作家的想像力,他们的作品也为拿破仑的传奇人生增添了不少色彩。

Napoleon decided on a military career when he was a child, winning a scholarship to a French military academy. His meteoric rise shocked not only France but all of Europe, and his military conquests threatened the stability of the world.

拿破仑小时候就决定从军,并获得了法国军事院校的奖学金。他的迅速成长不仅震撼了法国,而且也震撼了整个欧洲,但是,他的军事征服也威胁到了世界的和平稳定。

Napoleon was one of the greatest military commanders in history. He has also been portrayed as power hungry conqueror. Napoleon denied being such a conqueror. He argued that he was building a federation of free peoples in a Europe united under a liberal government. But if this was his goal, he intended to achieve it by taking power in his own hands. However, in the states he created, Napoleon granted constitutions, introduced law codes, abolished feudalism, created efficient governments and fostered education, science, literature and the arts.

拿破仑是历史上伟大的军事指挥家之一。他也被塑造成一位强权、贪婪的征服者,但是他否认自己是这样的一位征服者。他申辩他正在组建一个由自由政府组成的欧洲自由民族的联盟。但是,如果这就是他的目标,他就会将大权紧握在自已手中。然石在他创建的区域,拿破仑准许制定宪法,提倡法律法法规,废除封建制度,设立有效政府,他还鼓励教育,科学,文学和艺术的发展。

Emperor Napoleon proved to be an excellent civil administrator. One of his greatest achievements was his supervision of the revision and collection of French law into codes. The new law codes-seven in number-in-corporated some of the freedoms gained by the people of France during he French revolution, including religious toleration and the abolition of serfdom.  The most famous of the codes, the Code Napoleon or Code Civil, still forms the basis of French civil law. Napoleon also centralized France' s government by appointing prefects to administer regions called departments, into which France was divided.

拿破仑被证明是一位优秀的国家管理者,他最大的成就之一就是设立监督机制,使法国法律得以修订成章。新的法律章程共有7条,它合并了法国人民在法国苦命中所获的一些自由权,包括宗教宽容和农奴制的废除。章程中最著名的就是《拿破仑法典》和《内战法典》,它还为法国民法的形成奠定了基础。拿破仑还通过区最高行政长官司管理各个地区,来聚集法国政府的权利,这样法国就被划分为不同的行政区。

While Napoleon believed in government "for" the people, he rejected government "by" the people. His France was a police state with a vast network of secret police and spies. The police shut down plays containing any hint of disagreement or criticism of the government. The press was controlled by the state. It was impossible to express an opinion without Napoleon's approval.

拿破仑认为政府应该为人民服务,但是却不能由人民来掌管。他统治下的法国就是一张巨大的由警察和间谍网所组成的极权主义国家。警察制止任何与政府意见不一致或批评政府的活动。新闻舆论界也由国家控制。没有拿破仑的同意,想发表什么意见几乎是不可能的。
 

英语词汇注释

figure n. 人物
legend n. 传说,传奇
conqueror n. 征服者,胜利者
incorporate vt. 合并

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