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大学英语四六级晨读经典365:夏日激情篇 180 Martin Luther King马丁·路德·金(mp3)

merryangle87 于2014-10-01发布 l 已有人浏览
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马丁·路德·金,著名的美国民权运动领袖,1964年度诺贝尔和平奖获得者,有“金牧师”之称。他是一个将自己的生命置之度外的人。
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180 Martin Luther King

180 马丁·路德·金

Martin Luther King, Jr. was born on January 15, 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia. His father was the minister of the Ebenezer Baptist Church. Their home was not far from the church his father preached and Father taught their children what would become an important part of M. L.'s life-to treat ail people with respect.

马丁·路德·金于1929年1月15日出生于佐治亚州的亚特兰大。其父是埃比尼亚泽大教堂的牧师。他们家离父亲布道的教堂不远,父亲告诉孩子们要懂得尊重别人,这一点马丁·路德·金在后来的生活中一直铭记在心。

When M.L. was ready for college he decided to follow his father and become minister. While attending the Crozer Theological Seminary in Pennsylvania he became familiar with Mahatma Gandhi, who had struggled to free the people of India from British by "peaceful revolution".

当马丁准备上大学时;他决定像他父亲一样当一名牧师。在宾夕法尼亚克隆泽神学院上学时;他知道了圣雄甘地。了解到甘地通过“非暴力革命”的斗争,将印度人民从英国统治下解放出来。

M.L. was also inspired by the work of Henry David Thoreau, particularly his essay called Civil Disobedience. It stated that if enough people would follow their conscience and disobey unjust laws. They could bring about a peaceful revolution.

马丁同时也受到亨利,戴卫·梭罗著作的鼓舞,尤其是他的名著《论公民的不服从》。书中说如果有相当多的人按良心行事,而不去遵从不公正的法律,他下门就能实现非暴力革命。

Martin Luther King, Jr. would now be addressed as "Dr. King". Dr. King's involvement with the civil rights movement began with the arrest of Mrs. Rosa parks, who was arrested for not giving a white bus rider her seat, Mrs. Parks was not the first African-American to be arrested for this "crime", but she was well known in the Montgomery African-American community.

马丁·路德·金如今被称为“金博士”。金博士参与民权运动始于罗莎·帕克斯夫人的被捕。帕克斯夫人由于未给一名白人乘客让座而被捕。她已不是第一个因为这种“罪”而被捕的美国黑人了,而她在蒙哥马利的美国黑人社区中颇有名气。

Dr. King and the other African-American community leaders felt a protest was needed. The African-American residents of the city were asked to boycott the bus company by walking and driving instead. In April 1968 Dr. King went to Memphis. Tennessee helped the sanitation workers who were on strike. On April 3rd Dr. King would give what be his last speech: "We've got some difficult days ahead. But it doesn't matter with me now. Because I have been to the mountaintop, I don't mind. Like anybody, I would like to live a long life. Longevity has its place. But I’m not concerned about that now. I just want to do God' s will . And He' s allowed me to go up to the mountain. And I've looked over. And I've seen the Promised Land. I may not get there with you. But I want you to know tonight, that we, as a people will get to the Promised Land, and I'm not fearing any man. My eyes have seen the glory of the coming of the Lord".

金博士和其他美国黑人社区的领袖们感觉进行抗议势在必行。他们要求该市的美国黑人居民步行和自己驾车来抵制汽车公司。1968年4月,金博士前往田纳西州的孟菲斯去帮助正在罢工的清洁工们。4月3日,金博士发表了他的最后一个演讲:“我们的前途尚存在荆棘坎坷。可现在对我来说这不算什么,因为我已达到顶峰,我不在乎。和世人一样,我希望生命长久。长寿本在情理之中,但我现在不执著于此。我只不过想执行上帝的意愿。他让我攀登险峰,我极目远眺,看到前方就是乐土。或许我不能陪你同行,但今夜我要让你们知道,我们就是将要抵达乐土的子民。我不惧怕任何人。我的双目已看到上帝莅临的光芒。”

The following day, April 4, 1968, Martin Luther King, Jr. was shot and killed.

次日,即1968年4月4日,马丁·路德·金遇刺身亡。
 

英语词汇注释

be ready for 为……做好准备
be/become familiar with 熟悉,通晓
conscience n. 良心
be arrested for 因某事被拘留
glory n. 光荣,荣誉

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