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大学英语四六级晨读经典365:秋日激情篇 186 How about Your Health well or wellness你的健康状况如何“良好”还是“理想”(mp3)

merryangle87 于2014-10-08发布 l 已有人浏览
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正如我们所见。我们的社会医疗所关注的焦点已经由治疗疾病转向了预防疾病—特别是对于改变人们许多不健康行为的项目上,例如不良的饮食习惯,_吸烟和缺少运动。
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186 How about Your Health well or wellness

186 你的健康状况如何“良好”还是“理想”

As we have seen, the focus of medical care in our society has been shifting from curing disease to preventing disease — especially in terms of changing our many unhealthy behaviors, such as poor eating habits, smoking, and failure to exercise.The line of thought involved in this shift can be pursued further.Imagine a person who is about the right weight, but does not eat very nutritious foods, who feels OK but exercises only occasionally, who goes to work every day, but is not an outstanding worker, who drinks a few beers at home most nights but does not drive while drunk, and who has no chest pains or abnormal blood counts, but sleeps a lot and often feels tired.This person is not ill.He may not even be at risk for any particular disease.But we can imagine that this person could be a lot healthier.

正如我们所见。我们的社会医疗所关注的焦点已经由治疗疾病转向了预防疾病—特别是对于改变人们许多不健康行为的项目上,例如不良的饮食习惯,_吸烟和缺少运动。这一思想转变可以引发我们进一步的思考。假如有个人体重适中,但是他不吃富有营养的食物;他自我感觉还不错,但偶尔才参加运动,他每天去上班,但并不是一名出色的员工,大多数晚上他都在家喝酒,但是不会在酒后驾车;他没有胸痛或血细胞数目异常等现象,但他嗜睡,而且常常感到疲劳。这个人并没有什么病。甚至可能也没有患某种特定疾病的危险。但是我们可以设想这个人原本可以更为健康。

The field of medicine has not traditionally distinguished between someone who is merely “not ill” and someone who is in excellent health and pays attention to the body’s special needs.Both types have simply been called “well.” In recent years, however, some health specialists have begun to apply the terms “well” and “wellness” only to those who are actively striving to maintain and improve their health.People who are well are concerned with nutrition and exercise, and they make a point of monitoring their body’s condition.Most important, perhaps, people who are well take active responsibility for all matters related to their health. Even people who have a physical disease or handicap may be “well,” in this new sense, if they make an effort to maintain the best possible health they can in the face of their physical limitations.“Wellness” may perhaps best be viewed not as a state that people can achieve, but as an ideal that people can strive for. People who are well are likely to be better able to resist disease and to fight disease when it strikes.And by focusing attention on healthy ways of living, the concept of wellness can have a beneficial impact on the ways in which people face the challenges of daily life.

医药领域传统上对于“没有患病”的人和那些“极为健康”的而且又很关注身体特殊需求的人并没有很明确的区分。这两种类型都只是被简单地称之为“良好”。然而近儿年来一些健康专家开始使用术语。良好”和“理想”来形容那些正努力保持或改善身体状况的人。身体良好的人会注重营养和锻炼,密切地掌控自己的身体状况。更重要的是他们会积极地对待与自身健康有关的一切问题。从这个新的角度来看,甚至那些有生理疾病或缺陷的人的身体状况也可以用“良好”来形容,只要他们是在尽力维持可能的最佳健康状况,尽管他们可能面临着这样或那样的身体局限性。“理想”可能不应被视为是人们所能达到的一种状态,而应该只是人们能够为之奋斗的一个“理想目标”。健康状况良好的人很有可能可以更好地预防疾病,即使在疾病侵袭时也能够更好地与它们作斗争。通过关注健康的生活方式.这种所谓的健康观念能够给我们带来很多有益的影响,使我们能够更好地去面对日常生活中的挑战。

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