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大学英语四六级晨读经典365:秋日激情篇 196 Cold or Flu感冒还是流感(mp3)

merryangle87 于2014-10-14发布 l 已有人浏览
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像鼻塞,流鼻涕和嗓子疼等感冒症状一般是逐步出现的,成人和十几岁的孩子通常不会发烧。
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196 Cold or Flu

196 感冒还是流感

Scratchy throats, stuffy noses and body aches all spell misery, but being able to tell if the cause is a cold or flu may make a difference in how long the misery lasts.

嗓子疼,鼻塞,身体酸疼都带来不适,但如果能确定病因是感冒还是流感的话就可以缩短这些痛苦持续的时间。

The American Lung Association (ALA) has issued new guidelines on combating colds and the flu,and one of the keys is being able to quickly tell the two apart. That's because the prescription drugs available for the flu need to be taken soon after the illness sets in. As for colds, the sooner a person starts taking over-the-counter remedy, the sooner relief will come.

美国肺病研究协会发布了抵御感冒与流感的指导方针,其中很关键的一点是要能迅速地判断两者的区别。因为用于治疗流感的处方药要在发病后不久就立即服用,但对于感冒而言,只要服用一般的柜台出售的药物,就可以很快缓解病痛。

The common cold and the flu are both caused by viruses. More than 200 viruses can cause cold symptoms, while the flu is caused by three viruses---flu A, B and C. There is no cure for either illness,but the flu can be prevented by the flu vaccine, which is, for most people, the best way to fight the flu, according to the ALA.

一般的感冒与流感都是由病毒引起,有两百多种病毒可以导致感冒症状,而引起流感的病毒只有三种——A、B和C病毒。这两种病都没有必要过度忧虑.但流感可以通过注射疫苗进行预防。美国肺病研究协会认为对大多数人来说注射疫苗是抵御流感的最好办法。

But if the flu does strike, quick action can help. Although the flu and common cold have many similarities, there are some obvious signs to look for.

但要是真得了流感,则应该迅速做出反应。尽管流感和一般的感冒有诸多相似之处,但二者的区别还是有迹可寻的。

Cold symptoms such as stuffy nose, runny nose and scratchy throat typically develop gradually,andadultsandteensoftendonotgetafever.Ontheotherhand,feverisoneof thecharacteristic features of the flu for all ages. And in general, flu symptoms including fever and chills, sore throat and body aches come on suddenly and are more severe than cold symptoms.

像鼻塞,流鼻涕和嗓子疼等感冒症状一般是逐步出现的,成人和十几岁的孩子通常不会发烧。然而,对于所有年龄段的人来说,发烧是流感最显著的特点之一。一般来说,流感症状包括发烧和发寒.嗓子疼和浑身酸疼,它发病比较突然,而且症状要比感冒严重。

The ALA notes that it may be particularly difficult to tell when infants and preschool age children have the flu. It advises parents to call the doctor if their small children have flu-like symptoms.

美国肺研究协会发现婴儿和学龄前儿童是否得了流感是很难判断的,所以建议家长们,如果发现小孩子出现类似流感的症状,就立刻给医生打电话。

Both cold and flu symptoms can be eased with over-the-counter medications as well. However, children and teens with a cold or flu should not take aspirin for pain relief because of the risk of Reye syndrome,a rare but serious condition of the liver and central nervous system.

另外,感冒与流感的症状都可以通过服用柜台销售的药物得到缓解。然而.患有感冒与流感的孩子和青少年不要吃阿司匹林来缓解疼痛,因为这有令他们患一种综合症的危险,这种综合症很罕见却可以严重危及肝脏和中枢神经系统。

There is, of course, no vaccine for the common cold. But frequent hand washing and avoiding close contact with people who have colds can reduce the likelihood of catching one.

当然.尽管现在还没有一种可以用来防御—般感冒的疫苗,但经常洗手和避免与感冒患者亲密接可以降低受传染的可能性。

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