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大学英语四六级晨读经典365:秋日激情篇 199 Absence mindness Leads to Forgetting心不在焉导致健忘(mp3)

merryangle87 于2014-10-17发布 l 已有人浏览
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每个人都时不时地会出现这样的状况。最好的解决办法 是回到你进房间之前所在的地方,然后就有可能能回想起来了。
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199 Absence mindness Leads to Forgetting

199 心不在焉导致健忘

Most episodes of absent-mindedness—forgetting where you left something or wondering why you just entered a room—are caused by a simple lack of attention, says Schacter. “You’re supposed to remember something, but you haven’t encoded it deeply.”

许多健忘的生活现象,如忘记东西放哪儿,进房间想干什么,都只是由于没有用心的缘故,沙克特说:“你本想记住一些事情,但是却没有对它们进行深入地编码。”

Encoding, Schacter explains, is a special way of paying attention to an event that has a major impact on recalling it later. Failure to encode properly can create annoying situations. If you put your mobile phone in a pocket, for example, and don’t pay attention to what you did because you’re involved in a conversation, you’ll probably forget that the phone is in the jacket now hanging in you wardrobe . “Your memory itself isn’t failing you,” says Schacter. “Rather, you didn’t give your memory system the information it needed.”

沙克特解释说,编码是对特定事件加以关注的特殊方式,编码对于之后是否能有效地回想这一特定事件有着很关键的作用。不合理编码会造成很大的麻烦。例如,如果你把手机放进了口袋中,但你对自己的这一举动并没有特别的关注因为当时你正在和别人谈话,随后你把衣服挂在衣橱中,你就很可能会忘记手机就在衣橱里的那间夹克衫口袋中。沙克特说:“你的记忆功能本身没有问题.只是你没有给记忆系统它所需要记忆的信息内容罢了。”

Lack of interest can also lead to absent-mindedness. “A man who can recite sports statistics from 30 years ago,” says Zelinski, “may not remember to drop a letter in the mailbox.” Women have slightly better memories than men, possibly because they pay more attention to their environment, and memory relies on just that.

缺乏兴趣也会使人健忘。柴林斯基说:“一个人可以背出30年前体育比赛的得分统计,却可能忘记去寄信。”女性的记忆能力略高过男性,可能是由于女性更关注她们周围的环境,而记忆正是有赖于此。

Visual cues can help prevent absent-mindedness, says Schacter. “But be sure the cue is clear and available,” he cautions. If you want to remember to take a medication with lunch, put the pill bottle on the kitchen table—don’t leave it in the medicine chest and write yourself a note that you keep in a pocket.

沙克特说.视觉线索有助于消除健忘。他还强调说,得确保这些线索是清晰可得的。“如果你想记住午餐时服药,那么就把药瓶放到餐桌上,而不是药里,然后再为自己写张条放在口袋里。

Another common episode of absent-mindedness: walking into a room and wondering why you’re there. Most likely, you were thinking about something else. “Everyone does this from time to time,” says Zelinski. The best thing to do is to return to where you were before entering the room, and you’ll likely remember.

另外一种很常见的健忘现象就是,当你走进一个房间,却忘了自己去那里做什么。很可能,是因为你之前在想其他事情。柴林斯基说:“每个人都时不时地会出现这样的状况。最好的解决办法 是回到你进房间之前所在的地方,然后就有可能能回想起来了。”

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