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大学英语四六级晨读经典365:秋日激情篇 200 How to Help the Next Generation如何帮助下一代(mp3)

merryangle87 于2014-10-17发布 l 已有人浏览
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每天拿出一部分时间锻炼,这样有助于减少你自己的压力,从而为孩子树立一个良好的榜样。

200 How to Help the Next Generation

200 如何帮助下一代

I’m usually fairly skeptical about any research that concludes that people are either happier or unhappier or more or less certain of themselves than they were 50 years ago. While any of these statements might be true, they are practically impossible to prove scientifically. Still, I was struck by a report which concluded that today’s children are significantly more anxious than children in the 1950s. In fact, the analysis showed, normal children aged 9 to 17 exhibit a higher level of anxiety today than children who were treated for mental illness 50 years ago.

现在的人与50年前的人相比,是否更高兴更为有自信,关于这些调查结果,我通常都是抱着怀疑的态度。尽管这些结果任何一个都有可能是对的,但是实际上它们都无法被科学地证明。但我仍然被一则报告所震惊了。报告称:现在的孩子明显比50年代的孩子焦虑得多。实际上,调查结果的分析表明,现在的9 - 17岁的孩子所表现出来的焦虑水平比50年前被视为患有精神疾病的孩子的焦虑水平还要高。

Why are America’s kids so stressed? The report cites two main causes: increasing physical isolation—brought on by high divorce rates and less involvement in community, among other things—and a growing perception that the world is a more dangerous place.

为什么现在美国的孩子这么焦虑呢?报告中列举了两个主要原因:一是由于高的离婚率导致越来越多的孩子与爸爸或妈妈分开,接触社会活动及其他活动的机会也随之减少;二是他们觉得这个世界在变得越来越不安全。

Given that we can’t turn the clock back, adults can still do plenty to help the next generation cope.

尽管我们不能让时间倒流.大人们还是能采取有效的措施来帮助下一代适应社会。

At the top of the list is nurturing a better appreciation of the limits of individualism. No child is an island. Strengthening social ties helps build communities and protect individuals against stress.

首要是要让他们更多地认识到个人能力的局限性。没有哪一个孩子是孤岛,加强他们与社会的联系有助于建立良好的社会关系还能使他们远离焦虑。

To help kids build stronger connections with others, you can pull the plug on TVs and computers. Your family will thank you later. They will have more time for face-to-face relationships, and they will get more sleep.

你可以通过拔掉电视和电脑的电源插座来增进孩子与他人的联系,全家人都会因此而感激你,因为这样人与人之间就可以有更多面对面交流的机会,还可以得到更多的睡眠。

Limit the amount of virtual violence your children are exposed to. It’s not just video games and movies; children see a lot of murder and crime on the local news.

要控制孩子接触现实暴力的机会。现实暴力不光光是指暴力游戏和电影,还包括孩子们常常看到的当地的有关谋杀及其他有关犯罪的新闻。

Keep your expectations for your children reasonable. Many highly successful people never attended Harvard or Yale.

对孩子的期望应该合理,要知道许多非常成功的人士都没进过哈佛大学或耶鲁大学。

Make exercise part of your daily routine. It will help you cope with your own anxieties and provide a good model for your kids. Sometimes anxiety is unavoidable. But it doesn’t have to ruin your life.

每天拿出一部分时间锻炼,这样有助于减少你自己的压力,从而为孩子树立一个良好的榜样。有时,焦虑是不可避免的,但没必要让它毁了你的生活。

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