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大学英语四六级晨读经典365:秋日激情篇 202 Teenage Drivers Caused High Death Rates少年司机引发高死亡率(mp3)

merryangle87 于2014-10-18发布 l 已有人浏览
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上周,美国医学会的周刊上刊登的最近一项近期的研受指出表明,搭乘十几岁的青少年驾驶的车是非常危险的。
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202 Teenage Drivers Caused High Death Rates

202 少年司机引发高死亡率

A recent study, published in last week’s Journal of the American Medical Association, offers a picture of how risky it is to get a lift from a teenage driver. Indeed, a 16-year-old driver with three or more passengers is three times as likely to have a fatal accident as a teenager driving alone. By contrast, the risk of death for drivers between 30 and 59 decreases with each additional passenger.

上周,美国医学会的周刊上刊登的最近一项近期的研受指出表明,搭乘十几岁的青少年驾驶的车是非常危险的。事实上,一个16岁的少年驾车,如果车上有三个或以上的乘客,发生致命伤亡事故率是他独自驾驶的三倍。与此相反,年龄在30到59之间的司机的伤亡事故率却随着搭乘人员的增多而呈下降趋势。

The author also found that the death rates for teenage drivers increased dramatically after 10 p.m., and especially after midnight, with passengers in the car, the driver was even more likely to die in a late-night accident.

研究者还发现,少年司机的死亡率在晚上10点以后就急剧上升,尤其是在午夜以后,如果这时有人搭车,那么在这种深夜发生的事故中,少年司机更有可能会死亡。

Robert Foss, a scientist at the University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center, says the higher death rates for teenage drivers have less to do with “really stupid behavior” than with just a lack of driving experience. “The basic issue.” he says, “is that adults who are responsible for issuing licenses fail to recognize how complex and skilled a task driving is.”

北卡罗莱纳大学高速公路安全研究中心的一位科学家罗伯特·福斯说:“导致少年司机高死亡率的原因主要是缺乏驾驶经验,而不是”真正意义上愚蠢的行为。他说:“关键是发放驾照的工作人员没有意识到驾驶是一件相当复杂而又有偎高的技术含量的事情。”

Both he and the author of the study believe that the way to mitigate the problem is to have states institute so-called graduated licensing systems, in which getting a license is a multistage process. A graduated license requires that a teenager first prove himself capable of driving in the presence of an adult, followed by a period of driving with night of passenger restrictions, before graduating to full driving privileges.

福斯和研究者都认为,要想缓解这种情况,各州必须实行所谓的进阶型的驾照考试制度,使获取驾照成为一个阶段性的过程,想要考取驾照,少年必须首先证明他能在有一个成人陪同的情况下驾驶,然后再证明能在夜间驾驶或是载客驾驶,最后才能得到驾驶权力。

Graduated licensing systems have reduced teenage driver crashes, according to recent studies, About half of the states now have some sort of graduated licensing system in place, but only 10 of those states have restrictions on passengers, California is the strictest, with a novice driver prohibited from carrying any passenger under 20(without the presence of an adult over 25)for the first six months.

根据最近的研究,这种分级的驾照考试制度已经减少了少年撞车事故的发生。全国大约有一半的州正在实施此项制度,但其中有10%的州对于乘客有限制。加利福尼亚最为严格,规定刚获得驾照的新手半年以内不准搭载20岁以下的乘客(除非有25岁以上的成年人在场)。

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