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英语四级作文范文句型解析Unit36

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英语四级作文范文句型解析,含有范文例句及词语短语解析讲解

Unit 36

范文句型分析:
1.Of the four seasons,I like summer the best.
  四季中我最爱夏天。
 解说:
  of+三或更大数字+复数名词  在……之中(与最高修饰语连用)
 =among +三或更大数字十复数名词
  例:Among the three boys,Carl is the cost inventive.
     这三个男孩中,卡尔最有发明天才。

2.(1 Although some people complain that the scorching summer heat is unbearable and that the mosquitoes are irritating,(2 I love summer nonetheless.
  虽然有些人抱怨炎炎暑热无法忍受,蚊虫惹人厌烦,但我仍然喜欢夏天。
  解说:
a.句型分析:
  (1)为although引导的状语从句,修饰(2),分析如下:
   (a) some people (b)complain that the scorching... (c)and that...…imtatmg,…
     (a)主语
     (b)及物动词
     (c)两个that从句,一为that the scorching…unbearable,为that…irritating由and连接,共作(b)的宾语。
  (2)为主句,nonetheless为副词,修饰I love summers
b.complain vi.&vt.抱怨,诉苦
  complain that从句  抱怨……
  complain of/about + N/V-ing  抱怨……
  例:Jane is always complaining that her husband's salary is inadequate.
     简总是抱怨她先生的薪水不够用。
     Lucy always complains of a stomachache.
     露西总是叫胃痛。
     Carl complained about having to ride his bicycle to school on rainy days.
     卡尔抱怨必须在下雨天骑脚踏车上学。
c.scorching a.酷热的
  scorch vt.烤焦,烫焦
  例:She carelessly scorched her husband's shirt.
     她不小心把先生的衬衫烫焦了。
d.unbearable   a.不能忍受的
  例:The smell of his socks is unbearable.
     他袜子的臭味真叫人难以忍受。
e.mosquito n.蚊子
f.irritating   a.令人气恼的
  irritate vt.使气恼/气躁
  irritated a.感到气恼的
  例:Nothing is more irritating than being stood up.
     没有一件事比苦等爽约的人更令人气恼了。
     I was irritated at his rude behavior.
     我对他粗鲁的行为感到生气。
g.nonetheless  adv.然而,尽管如此
  注意:
  nonetheless为连接性副词,概念上等于but,但并不可作连接词用,故在两个从句之间时,其前通常置一分号,其后则置逗。本文因although引导状语从句,故主句之前不需用分号。
 例:He is bossy,but Katherine likes him(nonetheless).(O)
    He is bossy,nonetheless,Katherine likes him.(x)
    He is bossy;nonetheless/however, Katherine likes him.(O)
    He is bossy;Katherine likes him nonetheless.(O)
    他很跋息,然而凯瑟琳仍然很喜欢他。

3.This is because the summer vacation gives me a chance to enjoy two months of carefree days
  这是因为暑假给我机会享受两个月自由自在的日子。
  解说:
  carefree   a.无忧无虑的,自由自在的
  例:The kids enjoyed a carefree afternoon on the sandy beach.
     那些小孩子在沙滩上享受了一个自由自在的下午。

4.During the summer, swimming is for me the most refreshing and exciting outdoor activity.
  在夏天,游泳对我而言是最舒畅和最刺激的户外活动。
  解说:
a.refreshing  a.令人爽快/舒畅的
  refreshed a.感到爽快的
  refresh  vt.使爽快,使提神
  例:Taking a bath at a health spa is refreshing for me.
     Taking a bath at a health spa refreshes me.
    =I feel refreshed after taking a bath at a health spa.
     洗个健康的温泉浴,令我神清气爽。
b.exciting a.令人兴奋的
  excited  a.感到兴奋的
  excite vt.刺激,使兴奋
 例:"I must say,”said Mitch,"that was the most exciting taxi ride I've ever had."
    米奇说:“我必须说那是我乘出租车经历中最刺激的一次。”
    The dog was certainly excited to see us return.
    那只狗看到我们回来很兴奋。
    I can't figure her out. Nothing seems to excite her.
    我无法了解她。似乎没有一件事能使她兴奋。
c.outdoor activity 室外活动
  indoor activity 室内活动
  例:Indoor activities such as table tennis and bowling are my favorites.
     像乒乓球和保龄球等室内活动都是我的最爱。

5.If you want to beat the heat, there's nothing better than soaking in a pool of cool water.
一To beat the heat, there is nothing better than soaking in a pool of cool water.
  避暑的最佳方法莫过于泡在一池清凉的水中。
  解说:
a.beat the heat 避暑
  例:A nice glass of iced tea can surely help to beat the heat.
     一杯冰茶一定可为你消暑解热。
b.there is nothing |better than/worse than/more+形容词+than/less+形容词+than| V-ing/to V
   没有一件事比....|更好/更糟/更..../更不...|
  例:There is nothing worse than losing your wallet.
     没有一件事比丢掉皮夹子更糟的了。
     There is nothing more interesting than to check out the flower market.
     没有一件事比逛花市更有趣的了。
c.soak vi.浸泡
  例:The dirty pants are soaking in hot water.
      那些脏裤子正泡在热水中。
d.a pool of ...一池的……
  pool n.小池
e.cool   a. 凉的&vt.使冷静
  cool sb down 使某人冷静下来
  例:She was so angry that we couldn't cool her down
     她非常生气,我们无法使她冷静下来。

6.An outing in the countryside is also one of my favorite summertime pleasures.
  在乡间踏青也是我最喜欢的夏日娱乐之一。
  解说:
a.outing  n.出游,旅游
  例:Our company plans to go on an outing next month.
     我们公司计划下个月去旅游。
b.in the countryside 在乡下/乡间
  countryside   n.乡下,乡间
c.favorite   a. & n.最喜爱的(事物)
  favor  vt.&n.偏爱,支持
  favor+N/V-ing  偏爱/支持....
  favorable   a.有利的,适合的
  in favor of…赞成/支持/有利于……
  例:Pink is my favorite lipstick color.
     粉红色是我最喜欢的口红颜色。
     Of all Taiwan's tourist resorts,Alishan is my favorite.
     在台湾的旅游胜地中,阿里山是我的最爱。
     The weather is favorable for an excursion.
     这种天气适合出游。
     My father always favors my little brother.
     家父总是偏爱小弟。
     Are you in favor of the abolishment of the death penalty?
     你赞成废除死刑吗?
d.pleasure  n.娱乐,愉快;荣幸
  it is one's pleasure to V  ……是某人的荣幸
  例:It is my pleasure to be able to interview you.
     能够访问你是我的荣幸。

7.Lying in a meadow under an old tree,listening to the cicadas'singing, or just taking a nap is nothing short of paradise.
  躺在老树下的草地上,听听蝉鸣,或者只是小睡一会儿简直就像置身天堂一样。
  解说:
a.meadow n.草地
b.cicada n.蝉
c.take/have a nap  睡午觉;小睡一下
 =take/have a siesta  睡午觉
  nap n.小睡,午睡
  siesta  n.午睡
  例:If you take a nap during the lunch break,you won't nod off during afternoon classes.
     假如你中午休息时间睡个午觉,下午上课时就不会打磕睡了。
d.nothing short of…  真是/简直是……
  be short of…  缺乏·…,.
  例:I can't help you now because I'm a little short of money myself.
     我现在无法帮你,因为我也有点缺钱。

8.Oh! How I long for summer!
  啊!我多么渴望夏天啊!
  解说:
  |long for/belonging for/be eager for/be dying for|+N  渴望……
  例:The anxious mother is longing for her daughter's safe return.
     那位心急如焚的母亲渴望女儿安全归来。
 

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