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刘毅GRE字根字汇 Wordlist 07(单词带例句)

kira86 于2019-03-28发布 l 已有人浏览
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刘毅GRE字根字汇,GRE常考词汇,单词带例句、附同义词和反义词,中英字幕。
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aberrant

adj. changed from what is usual 越轨的;异常的

The aberrant behavior of the children was blamed on their poor home environment.

这些孩子异常的行为,应归咎于他们不良的家庭环境。

* be blamed on

归咎于

Synonym

同义词:errant; abnormal

aberration

n. straying away from what is normal 越轨行为;异常

This is a temporary aberration and will soon be put right.

这只是暂时的异常现象,很快就会恢复正常。

Synonym

同义词:deviation

Antonym

反义词:regularity

affable

adj. pleasant and easy to talk to 和蔼可亲的

 

n. affability

People enjoyed Harold's affable nature and dropped by to visit him often.

大家都喜欢哈罗德和蔼可亲的个性,常会顺道拜访他。

* drop by

顺道拜访

Synonym

同义词:gracious; approachable

deducible

adj. inferable 可推知的

 

v. deduce

It is deducible from the facts, claimed Sherlock Holmes, "that the culprit was Mr. Smith."

「由事实可推论,」福尔摩斯宣称,「犯罪的人是史密斯县设。」

* culprit

犯罪者

Synonym

同义词:deductive; derivable

dogmatic

adj. doctrinal; dictatorial 教条的;武断的

Many people found his views dogmatic and hard to swallow.

很多人觉得他的观点太过武断,令人难以接受。

* swallow

轻易接受

dominant

adj. prevailing 占优势的

 

v. dominate

Television has taken a dominant role in shaping popular opinion in the late 20th century.

在二十世纪末,电视在公众舆论的形成方面,扮演了举足轻重的角色。

Synonym

同义词:surpassing; prevalent

dominion

n. authority to rule 统治权;主权

The king's dominion over the land and its inhabitants was finally challenged by revolutionary activists.

国王对于国家和人民的统治权,最后收到革命激进分子的挑战。

* activist

激进分子

Synonym

同义词:sovereignty; supremacy

dynamic

adj. powerful 精力充沛的

The actor's one-man performance was a dynamic portrayal of the lives of Jews in pre-World War II ghettos.

这位演员所表演的独角戏,生动地描写了二次大战前犹太居住区的生活。

* ghetto

犹太人街;居住地

Synonym

同义词:vigorous; energetic

Antonym

反义词:torpid; sluggish

dynamite

n. powerful explosive 炸药

Many coral reefs in the Pacific are being destroyed by fishermen using dynamite to kill fish.

许多太平洋的珊瑚礁,因渔民利用炸药捕杀鱼类而遭到破坏。

egocentric

adj. self-centered 自我中心的

The egocentric actions of the school principal caused the faculty to distrust him and led to a rift between the two.

校长自我中心的行为,使全体教职员不信任他,双方的关系出现裂痕。

* rift

裂痕

Synonym

同义词:egoistic

egoism

n. theory of benefiting oneself 自我主义;利己主义

I was disappointed and disgusted by the egoism of our company manager and decided to hand in my resignation rather than work under him.

我对于公司经理的自私,感到失望而且厌恶,所以决定要递交辞呈,不愿在他手下工作。

Synonym

同义词:egocentricity; self-interest

Antonym

反义词:altruism

egoist

n. person who is self-interested 自我主义者;利己主义者

Having grown up in a household where competitiveness was accepted, even encouraged, Danny became a consummate egoist.

丹尼生长在一个接受竞争、甚至鼓励竞争的额家庭,所以变成一个极端的自我主义者。

* consummate

完全的;至极的

equable

adj. steady 稳定的;平稳的

Although the task ahead is daunting, with equable determination, we will succeed.

虽然前面的工作很可怕,但只要有坚定的决心,我们很成功的。

* daunting

可怕的

Synonym

同义词:stable; constant

Antonym

反义词:fitful; changeable

equinox

n. period of equal days and nights 昼夜平分点;春(秋)分

At the exact moment of an equinox, one can balance an unboiled egg on its end.

在昼夜平分点的那一刻,我们可将生鸡蛋立起来。

equity

n. fairness; justice 公平

 

adj. equitable

Despite the sensational nature of the trial and its proceedings, the judge dealt with the case with equity.

尽管这次审判本身与审判的过程十分轰动,法官仍然公平地审理这个案件。

Antonym

反义词:bias; partiality; prejudice

equivocate

v. to use ambiguous language 说模棱两可的话;躲闪

Politicians often equivocate complex issues to prevent public opposition.

对于复杂的问题,政治家常说写模棱两可的话,以免遭民众的反对。

Synonym

同义词:evade; quibble; parry

errant

adj. 1. wandering 漂泊的 2. erring 犯错的

A man who is negligent in his alimony or child support payments is often referred to as an errant husband or father.

不认真付给赡养费或儿女生活费的男人,常被认为是个犯错的丈夫或父亲。

* alimony

赡养费

Synonym

同义词:1. itinerant; rambling 2. deviant; straying

fatalism

n. belief that events are decided by fate 宿命论

 

adj. fatalistic

Ester's fatalism led her to believe that her business would fail, no matter what she did.

艾丝德的宿命论让她相信,无论她怎么做,生意还是会失败。

Synonym

同义词:determinism

hydrodynamics

n. science of the mechanics of fluids 流体力学

It is important to have an understanding of hydrodynamics when planning to build a dam.

计划建造水坝时,具备流体力学的知识是很重要的。

inductive

adj. derived by reasoning from particulars to generals 归纳的;诱导的

Inductive reasoning is often an important technique in understanding large problems.

归纳式的推理经常是了解重大问题的重要技巧。

Synonym

同义词:inducible

ineffable

adj. too great to be described in words 言语难以形容的

The ineffable grandeur of Niagara Falls has inspired many artists to try to capture its beauty on film or canvas.

尼亚加拉瀑布难以言喻的壮观,激发许多艺术家的灵感,使他们想用摄影或绘画捕捉瀑布之美。

* grandeur

壮观

* inspire

激发

* canvas

(油画用的)画布

Antonym

反义词:utterable; describable; expressible

nefarious

adj. wicked 凶恶的

The traditional conclusion of most fairy tales is the defeat of the nefarious villain by the young hero.

大多数童话故事传统的结局,都是年轻的英雄打败凶恶的坏人。

* villain

坏人

Synonym

同义词:vicious; outrageous

Antonym

反义词:virtuous; honorable

paradox

n. contradictory statement 似非而是的隽语

The teacher told us to write faster, but not hurry; a paradox that made us laugh.

老师要我们写快一点但是不要急。这句矛盾的话让我们哈哈大笑。

prefatory

adj. introductory 开场的

Mr. Small's prefatory remarks explained the reason for his letter to all the employees.

斯莫尔先生的开场白,解释了他写信给所有员工的理由。

viaduct

n. arched roadway 高架桥

During the earthquake the viaduct that straddled the valley crumbled and came tumbling down.

在地震期间,横跨山谷的高架桥崩裂倒塌。

* straddle

跨越

* crumble

崩溃;粉碎

* tumble

倒塌

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