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刘毅GRE字根字汇 Wordlist 12(单词带例句)

kira86 于2019-04-04发布 l 已有人浏览
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刘毅GRE字根字汇,GRE常考词汇,单词带例句、附同义词和反义词,中英字幕。
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

admonition

n. advice; warning 劝诫;警告

The teacher's admonition of Carl's poor behavior during the class trip caused him terrible embarrassment.

全班去旅行时,老师对卡尔恶劣的行为提出警告,令他非常尴尬。

aeronautics

n. science of operation and flight of aircraft 航空学

After flying in an airplane for the first time, my brother decided he wanted to study aeronautics.

我哥哥第一次搭飞机之后,就决定要研究航空学。

annotate

v. to make explanatory notes 注解

 

n. annotation

After the students complained they were confused by their poetry assignment, the professor annotated the poem during class.

当学生们抱怨关于诗的作业让他们十分头痛之后,教授便在课堂上讲解那首诗的涵义。

Synonym

同义词:commentate; gloss; elucidate

circumnavigate

v. to sail or fly around 环航

We took a scenic helicopter ride which circumnavigated the entire island in all its natural beauty.

我们搭乘观光直升机,环绕全岛一周,欣赏其天然美景。

* helicopter

直升机

cognate

adj. having the same origin; sharing many qualities 同源的;同性质的

The many cognate words in English and German make it easier for the speaker of one language to study the other.

英文和德文有许多同源的字,所以会说其中一种语言的人,要学另一种语言比较容易。

Synonym

同义词:akin; kindred

connotation

n. suggested or implied meaning of a word 涵义;暗示

Although some words are not bad themselves, they can often have a bad connotation.

虽然有些字本身并没有什么不好,但常会有些不好的涵义。

Synonym

同义词:implication; suggestion; association

denotation

n. meaning; indication (明示的)意义;指示

The denotation of this word can be located in an unabridged dictionary.

这个字的意思在未删节的大字典中查得到。

* unabridged

未删节的

immutable

adj. unchangeable 不变的

My old uncle has become immutable in his ways, and you know that you can't teach an old dog new tricks.

我舅舅年纪很大,做事的方法都一成不变,正如大家所知道的,老狗学不会新把戏。

Synonym

同义词:inflexible; constant; consistent

Antonym

反义词:alterable; variable

innate

adj. inborn 天生的;固有的

Mozart's innate musical talent could be seen when he was only three years old.

在莫扎特三岁的时候,就可看出他在音乐方面的天份。

Synonym

同义词:congenital; inherent; intrinsic

Antonym

反义词:acquired; extrinsic

innocuous

adj. harmless 无害的

Although everyone was suspicious, the birthday card Sally sent Ian was friendly and innocuous.

虽然每个人都很怀疑,但是莎莉寄给奕恩的生日卡既友善又没有恶意。

Synonym

同义词:innoxious

Antonym

反义词:pernicious; injurious

innovation

n. introduction of something new 革新

 

v. innovate

David's innovation in his company's bicycle design was awarded by several manufacturing organizations.

大卫对于公司脚踏车所做的创新设计,为他赢得了好几个制造业团体所提供的奖。

morbid

adj. (of one's mind or idea) unhealthy 病态的

Richard's morbid thoughts of death repulsed his friends and frightened his family.

理察对于死亡的病态思想,让他的朋友对他敬而远之,家人也觉得十分恐慌。

* repulse

排斥

Synonym

同义词:abnormal; sickly

Antonym

反义词:wholesome; normal

moribund

adj. dying; ending 将死的

The president of the moribund company made a final speech to his employees in the wake of the company's bankruptcy.

这家即将结束的公司,在宣告破产之后,公司总裁对员工做最后一次的讲话。

* in the wake of

在……之后

mortician

n. undertaker 殡仪业者

The few people who wish to study to become morticians are usually those whose families have mortuary businesses.

那些少数希望念完书之后从事殡仪业的人,通常家人也是从事殡仪业。

* mortuary

丧葬的

mortify

v. to humiliate 使蒙羞

Nancy was mortifies that Harry had told everyone at the party that she had had plastic surgery.

南西觉得很丢脸,因为哈利告诉宴会上的每个人,她动过整型手术。

* plastic surgery

整型外科(隆鼻术等)

Synonym

同义词:disgrace; shame

mortuary

n. funeral parlor 停尸处

 

adj. mortuary

The body disappeared from the mortuary the day before it was to be interred, and was never found.

尸体在埋葬的前一天就从停尸处消失,从此再也找不到了。

* inter

埋葬

Synonym

同义词:morgue

mutation

n. change 变化;突变

 

v. mutate

The chemicals that farmers were dumping into the river caused mutations in the fish.

农夫们倒在河里的化学药品,使得鱼产生突变。

* dump

倾倒

Synonym

同义词:alteration; variation

nascent

adj. beginning to grow or develop 初期的;发生中的

Although feminism is not completely novel in Asia, the women's movement here is still in its nascent stage.

虽然女性主义在亚洲并不是十分新奇,但这里的女权运动仍在初期的阶段。

* feminism

女性主义;男女平等主义

Synonym

同义词:initial; incipient

nautical

adj. pertaining to ships or navigation 航海的

My uncle, an old sea captain, often used nautical words that I didn't understand.

我叔叔是位老船长,他常常说些我听不懂的航海术语。

Synonym

同义词:marine; maritime

novice

n. beginner 新手

Although having been born in the so-called computer age, I am just a novice when it comes to using computers.

虽然生长在这所谓的电脑时代,但是说到使用电脑,我还只是个新手。

Synonym

同义词:apprentice; neophyte; tyro

Antonym

反义词:expert; professional

noxious

adj. harmful 有害的;有毒的

When scootering down the streets of Asian cities, you cannot help but breathe in noxious car fumes.

在亚洲的城市骑机车上街时,常会吸进汽车排放的有毒废气。

* scooter

骑摩托车

Synonym

同义词:baneful; pernicious; poisonous

Antonym

反义词:wholesome; innocuous; nontoxic

obnoxious

adj. nasty 令人讨厌的

James had the most obnoxious habit of constantly clearing his throat whenever I tried to make a point in our conversations.

詹姆斯有个令人讨厌的习惯,每当我和他谈话,向证明我的论点正确时,他老是在那里清喉咙。

Synonym

同义词:abominable; loathsome

Antonym

反义词:agreeable; pleasant

premonitory

adj. giving as warning 前兆的

A premonitory dream of waves of water crashing over the town warned the man that a typhoon was soon to hit their fishing village.

异常洪水淹没城镇的梦,像是预兆一般警告那个人,很快就会有台风侵袭他们的渔村。

Synonym

同义词:ominous; portentous

renovate

v. to restore to good condition; to repair 革新;修理

A huge budget was set aside by the government to renovate the old legislative building.

整修老旧的立法院大楼所需的庞大预算,被征服搁置。

* set aside

搁置

Synonym

同义词:renew; reform

transmute

v. to change shape or form 使变形

Constant trampling of snow boots and muddy car tires transmuted the white snow into dirty slush.

由于受到雪靴与沾满泥巴的车辆不断地践踏和碾压,白雪变成了肮脏的雪泥。

* trample

践踏

* slush

雪泥;半融的雪

Synonym

同义词:transform

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