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刘毅GRE字根字汇 Wordlist 13(单词带例句)

kira86 于2019-04-08发布 l 已有人浏览
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刘毅GRE字根字汇,GRE常考词汇,单词带例句、附同义词和反义词,中英字幕。
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aboriginal

adj. primitive 原始的

 

n. aboriginal

Aboriginal art is finally taking its place in the world as genuine art to be respected and admired.

原始艺术终于获得应有的地位,被视为真正的艺术,获得使人的尊敬与赞赏。

Synonym

同义词:primordial; pristine; primeval

anonymous

adj. without a name 匿名的

 

n. anonymity

An anonymous caller contacted the newspaper reporter, tipping him off about a robbery about to take place at the largest bank in town.

有人打匿名电话联络报社记者,向他密保说成立最大的银行即将发生抢案。

* tip off

(向人)密保

Synonym

同义词:incognito

Antonym

反义词:named

antipathy

n. strong dislike 憎恶

The antipathy between the leaders of the waring factions made peace negotiations impossible.

由于交战派别的领导者之间的敌意,使得和平协商无法进行。

* faction

党派

* negotiation

协商

Synonym

同义词:abhorrence; aversion

Antonym

反义词:affection; affinity

antonym

n. word opposite in meaning to another 反义词

Although many people assume the opposite of "love" is "hate," perhaps a more accurate antonym is "apathy".

虽然许多人以为「爱」的反义词是「恨」,但或许更准确的相反词是「冷淡」。

apathetic

adj. showing no interest 冷淡的

 

n. apathy

The students' apathetic attitude towards the subject matter made it all but impossible for the instructor to teach them.

学生对于这个主题的态度冷淡,老师几乎无从教起。

* all but

几乎(=almost)

Synonym

同义词:impassive; indifferent

Antonym

反义词:passionate; enthusiastic

compatible

adj. able to exist together 相容的

Jane's and Ted's work styles are very compatible, and their business partnership has become very successful.

珍和泰德工作的方式能彼此适应,两人在生意上的合作关系十分成功。

Synonym

同义词:agreeable; congruous

Antonym

反义词:unfitting; unsuitable

disparate

adj. different 不同的

Although their interests are widely disparate, they seem to get along well.

虽然他们的兴趣相差甚远,但似乎处得不错。

Synonym

同义词:discrepant

Antonym

反义词:analogous; comparable

disparity

n. difference 不同

The disparity between our two opinions shows how differently we both feel about this issue.

我们两人意见上的不同,显示出我们对于这问题的看法是多么不一样。

Synonym

同义词:dissimilarity

Antonym

反义词:parity; likeness

dispassionate

adj. 1. free from passion 冷静的 2. not showing favors 公平的

The doctor's dispassionate report of the patient's death hid his inner grief of losing a patient.

医生冷静地宣布病人的死讯,隐藏了心中失去病人的悲伤。

Synonym

同义词:1. composed 2. neutral; impartial

Antonym

反义词:1. emotional 2. prejudiced; biased

expatriate

n. person who renounces his citizenship 放弃国籍者;被逐出国外者

Albert Einstein was a German expatriate who settled in America.

亚伯特·爱因斯坦脱离德国国籍,定居在美国。

Synonym

同义词:exile; emigre

expediency

n. suitability for a purpose 方便;权宜

Our company would appreciate your expediency in delivering our goods, owing to our urgent need.

因为我们急需这批货,若您能准时送达,敝公司将十分感激。

Synonym

同义词:convenience; advantageousness

expeditiously

adv. quickly 迅速地

If the food supplies are not delivered expeditiously, the local civilians are in danger of starvation.

如果食物无法迅速送达,当地的人民就有饿死的危险。

Antonym

反义词:sluggishly

homonym

n. word similar in sound to another word but different in meaning 同音异义词

Young children often have a difficult time remembering the exact spelling of homonyms.

小孩子常会觉得要记住同音异义词的正确拼法很难。

impassive

adj. showing no sign of feeling 无感情的;不觉痛苦的

Her face was impassive, revealing no clues to her true feeling about the man she was speaking with.

她面无表情,丝毫没有表露出她对那位和她谈话的男人真正的感情。

Synonym

同义词:apathetic; phlegmatic; callous

Antonym

反义词:compassionate; sympathetic

impede

v. to get in the way of 妨碍

 

n. impediment

The heavy rain impeded the bus's progress to the village on the opposite side of the mountain.

大雨使公共汽车无法开往山的那一边的村落。

Synonym

同义词:hinder; hamper; obstruct

Antonym

反义词:assist; aid

orientation

n. preparation for a new activity 适应;指导

Before classes begin, many colleges and universities offer an orientation program for students.

在开课前,许多大专院校为新生提供指导计划。

Synonym

同义词:adaptation; adjustment

parity

n. equality; resemblance 同等;类似

Even today there is little parity between the the sexes in the workplace, particularly in regard to pay.

即使到今天,两性在工作方面仍不平等,尤其是薪水方面。

* in regard to

关于

Synonym

同义词:similarity; analogy

pathological

adj. related to the study of disease; compulsive 病理学的;病态的

Several of the inmates were known pathological liars, constantly saying outrageous things and claiming impossible feats.

大家都知道,住院的人当中,有几个是病态的说谎者,老是说些骇人听闻的事,并吹嘘一些不可能立下的功绩。

* inmate

(精神病院)病人;犯人

* outrageous

骇人听闻的

* feat

功绩

patriarch

n. male head of a family or tribe 家长;族长

As patriarch of the clan, he was the one who decided upon marriages, business deals and matters of discipline.

身为宗族的族长,他对于婚姻、生意往来以及纪律的问题,都有权做决定。

* clan

宗族

patricide

n. killing of one's own father 杀父

Oedipus is one of the most famous stories of patricide.

「伊底帕斯」是杀父的故事中最著名的一个。

patrimony

n. property inherited from one's father or ancestors 世袭财产

James suddenly realized his financial problems were over when he received a generous patrimony from his grandfather.

当詹姆斯获得祖父遗留的丰厚财产时,才突然了解,他的财务问题都解决了。

Synonym

同义词:heritage; inheritance

primordial

adj. existing from or at the beginning 原始的;最初的

Scientists who study the very beginning of evolution are interested in the primordial origins of life.

研究进化起源的科学家对生命最初的起源很感兴趣。

Synonym

同义词:aboriginal; rudimentary

pseudonym

n. penname 假名;笔名

In the nineteenth century, many women writers were forced to use male pseudonyms to publish their books.

十九世纪的女性作家出书时都被迫采用男性的笔名。

Synonym

同义词:alias

quadruped

n. four-footed animal 四足动物

The African elephant is the largest quadruped on the planet.

非洲象是地球上最大的四足动物。

synonym

n. word with the same meaning as another 同义词

As a test of vocabulary, many standardized tests have a section devoted to synonym recognition.

许多标准化的考试都包括同义词测验,以测验词汇的能力。

* standardized

统一的;标准的

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