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刘毅GRE字根字汇 Wordlist 18(单词带例句)

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刘毅GRE字根字汇,GRE常考词汇,单词带例句、附同义词和反义词,中英字幕。
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ascribe

v. to consider to be the cause 归因于

David ascribed his success as a lawyer to his attention to details and his hard work.

大卫将他成为成功的律师归因于注意细节以及努力工作。

Synonym

同义词:impute; attribute; charge

assiduous

adj. diligent 勤勉的

The teachers noticed how unusually assiduous their students were the week before final exams.

老师们注意到,在期未考试前一周,学生们和平时不同,非常用功。

Synonym

同义词:industrious; laborious; hard-working

Antonym

反义词:indolent; desultory

circumscribe

v. to enclose; to limit 限制

The author's freedom was circumscribed by government censors who decided what books could be published.

作家的自由受到政府检查员的限制,这些检查员决定什么书可以出版。

* censor

(出版物、电影等的)检查员

Synonym

同义词:confine; restrain; restrict

consecutive

adj. following in order 连续的

After three consecutive unsuccessful attempts to climb Mt Everest, the team finally gave up.

在连续三次尝试攀登埃弗勒斯峰失败后,登山队终放弃了。

Synonym

同义词:successive; sequent

consensus

n. general agreement (意见)一致

The staff and management reached a consensus about year-end bonuses.

关于年终奖金,劳资双方达成了协议。

* bonus

奖金

Synonym

同义词:concord; harmony; unanimity

dissection

n. 1. very careful study 分析 2. cutting up something into parts 解剖

In medical school, our human anatomy class included the dissection of cadavers.

在医学院就读时,我们的人体解剖课包括解剖尸体。

* anatomy

解剖;解剖学

* cadaver

尸体

Synonym

同义词:1. analysis 2. anatomy

insatiable

adj. that cannot be satisfied 不知足的

The tiny kitten's insatiable appetite surprised us all, especially our family's other cat.

那只小猫永不满足的胃口令我们都很惊讶,尤其是我们家另外一只猫。

Antonym

反义词:satisfiable

insensate

adj. without feeling 无感觉的;无感情的

It always angers Bert to see the insensate way many people treat handicapped people.

看到许多人无情地对待残疾人,总是令伯特很生气。

* handicapped

残疾的

Synonym

同义词:insensible; senseless; impassive

Antonym

反义词:conscious; perceptive

insidious

adj. cunning 狡猾的

George likes movies that have an insidious villain who is a formidable enemy for the movie's hero.

乔治喜欢剧中主角的头号敌人是狡猾奸诈的坏人的那种电影。

* villain

坏人

* formidable

难对付的

Synonym

同义词:sly; crafty; wily

Antonym

反义词:ingenuous; sincere; upright

obsequious

adj. eager to obey or serve 逢迎的;奉承的

Don's obsequious behavior to the boss sickened the rest of his co-workers.

唐奉承老板的行为,使其他同事作呕。

Synonym

同义词:flattering; subservient; sycophantic

presentiment

n. vague feeling that something is about to happen 预感

I feel a presentiment about meeting the strange man from the bank this afternoon.

我有预感,我今天下午会碰见那个从银行来的陌生人。

Synonym

同义词:premonition; foreboding; presage

proscribe

v. 1. to exile 放逐 2. to prohibit 禁止

The judge proscribed any further contact between the two parties until after the completion of the trial.

法官禁止双方有进一步的接触,直到审判终结。

Synonym

同义词:1. banish; expatriate; ostracize 2. forbid

prosecute

v. to continue with 继续进行

Angela was determined to prosecute the case until justice was finally served.

安琪拉下定决心继续进行诉讼,直到正义终于获得伸张。

Synonym

同义词:pursue; carry on

resent

v. to show indignation 愤恨;厌恶

 

n. resentment

Albert resented the fact that his brother always came to visit him only to borrow money.

亚伯特对于他弟弟只有要借钱时才来找他感到厌恶。

Synonym

同义词:dislike; detest; loathe; abhor

satiate

v. to fully satisfy 使满足;使饱

Frank visited his favorite eatery to satiate his craving for a well-made club sandwich.

法兰特去他最喜欢的小吃店,满足他想吃巨无霸美味三明治的欲望。

* eatery

(美口语)小餐馆

* craving

渴望

Synonym

同义词:sate; glut; gorge; surfeit

satiety

n. condition of being satisfied 满足

With complete satiety, Selma retired from the dinner table to lounge on the sofa.

西尔玛满足地离开餐桌,懒洋洋地坐在沙发上。

* lounge

懒洋洋地坐着

sedate

adj. 1. calm 平静的 2. serious 肃穆的

Although the party was very lively and the guests were drinking their fill, Sam remained sedate as ever.

虽然宴会非常热闹,宾客们尽情喝酒,山姆还是和往常一样平静。

Synonym

同义词:1. placid; serene 2. solemn

Antonym

反义词:1. flighty 2. undignified

sedentary

adj. sitting; inactive 久坐的;不活动的

The only exercise most sedentary teenagers get nowadays is walking to the kitchen to get a snack.

目前大多数不常活动的青少年唯一的运动,就是走到厨房去拿点心。

sequacious

adj. eager to follow 盲从的

The religious guru's sequacious disciples followed him as blindly as sheep.

有许多信徒盲目地追随那位虔诚的印度教祭司。

* guru

(印度教的)祭司;宗教师

subscription

n. signature; paying regularly to receive a magazine, newspaper, etc. 署名;订阅

As a woman interested in international politics, she has subscriptions to at least nine weekly magazines.

她是一位对国际政治感兴趣的女性,她至少订阅了九本周刊。

subsidiary

adj. assistant 辅助的;次要的

I tried to ask the professor some subsidiary questions about his lecture after class.

下课后,我试着询问教授有关这堂课一些次要的问题。

Synonym

同义词:auxiliary

subsidy

n. money given to some organizations needing help 津贴;补助金

 

v. subsidize

The school requires subsidies to maintain its free lunch program for children from low income families.

学校要求补助金,使供应低收入家庭学童的免费午餐计划得以持续下去。

Synonym

同义词:allowance; subvention

supersede

v. to take the place of; to replace 替代

My home personal computer's capabilities were superseded by newer computer models within only a few months.

在短短几个月内,我那台家用个人电脑的功能,就被更新的机型所取代。

transcribe

v. to copy 抄写

 

n. transcription

In the Middle Ages, Christian monks spent many hours of their day transcribing pages of biblical scripture.

中世纪时,基督教修士每天花许多时间,抄写圣经的经文。

* biblical

圣经的

* scripture

经文

vivisection

n. operation on living animals for scientific research 活体解剖

Many animal rights groups oppose vivisection on the grounds that it is inhumane to the animals involved.

许多主张动物生存权的团体反对活体解剖,因为他们认为,对被解剖动物来说,这样太不人道了。

* on the grounds that …

因为……;由于……

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