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刘毅GRE字根字汇 Wordlist 23(单词带例句)

kira86 于2019-04-23发布 l 已有人浏览
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刘毅GRE字根字汇,GRE常考词汇,单词带例句、附同义词和反义词,中英字幕。
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adversity

n. trouble; misfortune 不幸;灾难

It was Mona's strength in adversity that helped the shipwrecked crew survive until help came.

是莫娜的力量帮助遭受船难的船员在灾难中生存下去,直到救援抵达。

Synonym

同义词:affliction; misery; calamity

Antonym

反义词:prosperity;bliss; felicity

advert

v. to refer to 谈及

In explaining Lenin's communist thinking, the professor adverted to the philosophers Marx and Engels.

在解释列宁的共产主义思想时,教授提到哲学家马克斯和恩格斯。

averse

adj. 1. opposed 反对的 2. loath嫌恶的

Paul was averse to letting the nurse even approach him with the injection needle in her hand.

保罗连让手上拿着注射针的护士靠近一步都不愿意。

Synonym

同义词:1. objecting 2. disinclined; antipathetic

conversant

adj. familiar 精通的;熟悉的

At her family reunion, Nina was quite surprised her husband was so conversant with her family tree.

在家庭聚会中,尼娜很惊讶地发现,她的先生对她家的家谱这么熟悉。

Synonym

同义词:versed; skilled

conveyance

n. transportation; vehicle 运输;交通工具

What mode of conveyance would you recommend for traveling through Europe?

在欧洲旅行,你会推荐哪一种交通工具?

convict

v. to declare that someone is guilty 判罪

 

n. conviction

Richard was convicted of embezzling hundreds of thousands of dollars from the company.

理査因为盗用公司数十万元公款而被宣判有罪。

* embezzle

盗用(公款)

Synonym

同义词:condemn; sentence

convivial

adj. flippy; gay 快乐的;欢乐的

The wedding banquet was a convivial occasion enjoyed by everyone in attendance.

结婚喜宴是一个欢乐的场合,每个参加的人都很喜欢。

Synonym

同义词:vivacious; jocund; merry

Antonym

反义词:melancholy

devious

adj. 1. roundabout 迂回的 2. not straightforward 不正当的

To lose his pursuers, Harry took the most devious route he could to reach his hideout.

为了摆脱追捕的人,哈利尽量绕道而行,回到他的藏身处。

* hideout

隐藏处

Synonym

同义词:1. circuitous;tortuous 2. underhand; tortuous

Antonym

反义词:straightforward

diversity

n. difference; variety 不同;多样

A defining attribute of American society is the ethnic diversity of its members.

美国社会一个鲜明的特征,就是其成员包含多样的种族。

* attribute

特征

* ethnic

种族的

Synonym

同义词:identity; uniformity

evince

v. to show 表现;表明

It was rare to see a child so young evince a great talent for painting.

年纪这么小的孩子就显露出绘画的才能,实在罕见。

Synonym

同义词:indicate; display; demonstrate

Antonym

反义词:conceal

improvise

v. to produce without preparation 即席而作

Robin Williams is noted for his ability to improvise during any performance.

罗宾·威廉斯以能在任何演出中即兴表演而得名。

Synonym

同义词:extemporize; improvisate

introvert

n. one who is interested in his own thoughts and feelings 内向的人

Most introverts prefer to be alone or with small groups of friends rather than with large crowds of people.

大多数内向的人 喜欢自己一个人,或和少数几个朋友在一起,而不喜欢和一大群人共处。

invidious

adj. likely to cause ill-feeling 令人反感的;招嫉妒的

Throughout history, few positions have been quite so invidious as that of the tax collector.

综观历史,很少有职位像收税员这样令人反感。

Synonym

同义词:odious; repugnant

Antonym

反义词:agreeable; pleasant

invincible

v. unconquerable 不可征服的

Despite all the troops' efforts to take the fort, the enemy forces were truly invincible.

尽管军队全力要攻下堡垒,还是无法征服敌军。

Synonym

同义词:impregnable; inexpugnable; undefeatable

Antonym

反义词:subduable; vanquishable

obviate

v. to get rid of; to prevent 排除;防止

 

n. obviation

Recycling efforts can help obviate waste management problems of overcrowded cities in the future.

在过度拥挤的都市,再生利用的努力对于将来垃圾处理问题的预防,很有帮助。

* recycle

再生利用

Synonym

同义词:preclude; deter

perverse

adj. stubborn; intractable 顽固的;任性的

His perverse insistence on immaculate cleanliness in the office annoyed workers who insisted on a more comfortable environment.

他顽固地坚持办公室要一尘不染,使希望环境舒适一点的员工感到厌烦。

* immaculate

无瑕疵的

Synonym

同义词:obstinate; obdurate

Antonym

反义词:docile; yielding; obedient

perversion

n. 1. turning from right to wrong 曲解 2. corruption 堕落

The cult leader used his perversion of Christian scripture as doctrine for his group to follow.

该教派的领袖以曲解后的圣经为教义,供教徒们遵循。

* cult

教派

* scripture

经文

Synonym

同义词:1. distortion 2. depravity

pervious

adj. allowing passage through; accepting of 能透过的;能接纳的

Young children's minds are pervious to the violence and consumerism they see every day on the television.

孩子们幼小的心灵,对于每天在电视上所看到的暴力和消费主义,都全盘接受。

* consumerism

消费主义

Synonym

同义词:impenetrable; impermeable

provident

adj. foreseeing; providing for future needs 预知的;有远虑的

Donald's provident preparation of a tornado shelter saved his family's lives when a twister hit his neighborhood.

当龙卷风袭击他们那一带时,唐纳德预先准备的避难处,救了全家人的生命。

* tornado

龙卷风(=twister)

Synonym

同义词:foresighted

Antonym

反义词:shortsighted

tergiversation

n. 1. complete change in one's principles, etc. 变节 2. evasion 规避

Kelley's tergiversation prompted her to quit her political party and join a labor group.

凯莉的变节促使她退出政党,加入劳工团体。

* prompt

促使

traverse

v. to travel across 横过

Dog-drawn sleds were used by the explorers to traverse the ice fields with their equipment.

探险家利用狗拉雪橈来装载设备,横过冰原。

viable

adj. able to exist; workable 能生存的;行得通的

I am afraid your plan is not viable because we do not have the funds available to sustain it.

我恐怕你的计划行不通,因为我们没有可用的资金来支持它。

* sustain

支持

viand

n. food 食物

For truly delicious viand, you should ask Ryan to bake you one of his wonderful cakes.

要吃真正美味的食物,你应该要求雷恩烤一个好吃的蛋糕给你尝尝

visionary

adj. fanciful 幻想的;空想的

His paintings were of visionary worlds, populated by imaginary creatures.

他的画都是幻想的世界,居住着想像中的生物。

Synonym

同义词:quixotic; chimerical; imaginary

Antonym

反义词:realistic; pragmatic

vivacious

adj. lively; high-spirited 活泼的;快活的

Polly's vivacious personality never fails to brighten up a room.

波丽活泼的个性,总是使整个房间的气氛活跃起来。

Synonym

同义词:animated; cheerful; jolly

Antonym

反义词:languid

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