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考研英语阅读难句语法分析-定语从句5

inbj 于2012-04-26发布 l 已有人浏览
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【难句】 An animal that can remember the significance of that large, nasty-looking thing with the big teeth and sharp claws will survive longer and pr

【难句】 An animal that can remember the significance of that large, nasty-looking thing with the big teeth and sharp claws will survive longer and produce more offspring. (Time Jan. 18, 2007)

【结构分析】本句是复合句,句子的主干为An animal will survive longer and produce more offspring。主语animal后接关系代词that引导的定语从句,关系代词代替animal在从句中作主语。在从句里,谓语动词remember的宾语是the significance,它的后置定语为that large, nasty-looking thing with the big teeth and sharp claws;介词短语with the big teeth and sharp claws补充说明thing的特点。

【参考译文】一种动物只有记住了长相丑恶(具有巨大牙齿和锋利爪子)且身体庞大的重要性,才能生存长久并繁殖更多的后代。

【难句】 Women who live in areas of high air pollution, exposed to invisible particles from traffic fumes, coal-fired power stations and wood fires, are at increased risk of heart disease and death, according to a study. (The Guardian Feb. 1, 2007)

【结构分析】本句是主系表结构。主语Women后是定语从句 who live in areas of high air pollution,关系代词who在从句中代替women作主语,系表部分are at increased risk of heart disease and death被分词结构(表被动)作的后置定语exposed to invisible particles from traffic fumes, coalfired power stations and wood fires分隔,由于定语部分较长,在翻译时我们可以译为并列结构;句子末尾的according to a study作全句的状语。

【参考译文】一项研究表明,生活在严重空气污染地区的女性,暴露在车辆尾气、燃煤发电厂、森林火灾所产生和排放的无形的微小颗粒中,越来越容易患心脏病,甚至会因此直接导致死亡。 

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