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名人教英文:Coma & vegetative state

hetao 于2014-05-14发布 l 已有人浏览
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名人教英英语日常口语,学习关于“Coma & vegetative state”的英语相关表达方法。

名人教英文:coma & vegetative state

人称「车神」的前f1车手舒密加不幸在滑雪时发生意外,脑部严重受创,送院时已进入昏迷状态。报道指出:

he suffered serious brain trauma (严重脑部创伤) and was in a coma (昏迷) on arrival. to treat bleeding and bruising (挫伤) on his brain, doctors have put him in a medically-induced coma (由医药引起的昏迷状态).

coma是名词,「陷入昏迷」是fall into a coma,comatose(昏迷的)则为形容词。

例如:he has been comatose for nearly two months. people worry that he will remain in a vegetative state for the rest of his life.(他已经进入昏迷状态接近两个月,恐怕他在余生也会继续成为植物人。)

有些人把「植物人」直译为vegetable person或vegetable,大错特错。正确说法为so-and-so is in a vegetative state。虽然vegetable可以指因伤病而不能正常活动或思考的人,但却是极无礼的说法,不宜使用。

「植物人」亦不能译为vegetarian。vegetarian解作「素食主义者」或「素食的」。例如:the prevalence (盛行) of vegetarianism (素食主义) can be attributed to (归因于) research that suggests vegetarians (素食主义者) are less prone to (易发 ) heart diseases. doctors also endorse (支持) vegetarian diets (素食主义的饮食习惯) because of their health benefits.

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