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直接引语变间接引语的知识复习RevisionUnit6第三课时--牛津初中英语9A知识点

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直接引语变成间接引语时,从句时态无须改变的情况 (1) 当主句的谓语动词是一般现在时的时候。 (2) 当主句的谓语动词是将来时的时候。 (3) 当直接引语部分带有具体的过去时间状语时,如: He said, “I went to college in 1994.” ——>He told us that he went to college in 1994. (4) 当直接引语中有以when, while引导的从句,表示过去的时间时,如: He said,“When I was a child, I usually played football after school.” ——> He said that when he was a child, he usually played football after school. (5) 当直接引语是客观真理或自然现象时。 (6) 当引语是谚语、格言时。 (7) 当直接引语中有情态动

直接引语变成间接引语时,从句时态无须改变的情况

(1) 当主句的谓语动词是一般现在时的时候。

(2) 当主句的谓语动词是将来时的时候。

(3) 当直接引语部分带有具体的过去时间状语时,如:

He said, “I went to college in 1994.” ——>He told us that he went to college in 1994.

(4) 当直接引语中有以when, while引导的从句,表示过去的时间时,如:

He said,“When I was a child, I usually played football after school.” ——>

He said that when he was a child, he usually played football after school.

(5) 当直接引语是客观真理或自然现象时。

(6) 当引语是谚语、格言时。

(7) 当直接引语中有情态动词should, would, could, had better, would rather, might, must, ought to, used to, need时,如:The doctor said, “You'd better drink plenty of water.” ——>

The doctor said I'd better drink plenty of water.

(8) 此外转述中的变化要因实际情况而定,不能机械照搬,如果当地转述,here不必改为there, 动词come不必改为go,如果当天转述yesterday, tomorrow, this afternoon等均不必改变。如:

Teacher: You may have the ball game this afternoon.

Student: What did the teacher say, Monitor?

Monitor: He said we might have the ball game this afternoon.

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