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VOA日常英语语法视频 Everyday Grammar: Reported Speech 2016-11-27(英语字幕)

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VOA日常英语语法视频,Everyday Grammar: Reported Speech 2016-11-27,英语视频带字幕,是VOA最经典的节目之一,最佳英语学习材料。

This is Everyday Grammar. And I'm Kaveh.

欢迎收看《每日语法》栏目,我是Kaveh。

He said that this is Everyday Grammar and he's Kaveh.

他说这是《每日语法》栏目,他叫Kaveh。

Umm…. What are you doing?

嗯…你在干嘛?

Oh, I thought you knew. We are covering Reported Speech.

噢,我以为你知道,我在覆盖reported speech(间接引语)的知识。

Oh, OK. Well, she's Lucija.

噢,好吧,她叫Lucija。

REPORTED SPEECH is telling others what another person has said.

用Reported Speech的方式来告诉其他人另一个人所说的话。

For example, "he said that this is Everyday Grammar and that he's Kaveh.""He" is the subject, "said" is the reporting verb, and everything else is the reported speech clause.

例如,he said that this is Everyday Grammar and that he's Kaveh.(他说这是《每日语法》栏目,他叫Kaveh),这句话中he是主语,said是引语动词,其他都是间接引语从句的成分。

When trying to use REPORTED SPEECH, you need to keep in mind four simple things:

使用间接引语时,记住四件简单的事情:

You need to choose a reporting verb and tense. If you're reporting the recent information, keep the reporting verb in the present tense.

1. 引语动词和时态的选择。如果你引述的是近期的信息,引述动词用一般现在时。例如:

I'm hungry.

I'm hungry.(我饿了。)

He says he IS hungry.

He says he IS hungry.(他说他饿了。)

If you're not reporting brand new information, you need to "backshift" the verb tense. Present comes to past, and past becomes past perfect.

2. 如果引述的不是最新信息,引述动词时态需后移,即,一般现在时变成一般过去时,一般过去时变成过去完成时。

You need to change the point of view. In other words, "I" becomes "he" or "she".

3. 转换视角,换句话说,即I变成he或she。

You need to decide whether to use "that" or "if."

4. 确定使用what还是if引导从句。

That is a conjunction and is optional.

that是一个连接词,可有可无。例如:

She says she is visiting Alice.

She says she is visiting Alice.(她说她在探望爱丽丝。)

She says that she is visiting Alice.

She says that she is visiting Alice.(她说她在探望爱丽丝。)

Use "if" to report a yes or no question.

在引述需要回答“是”或“否”的句子时,使用if。例如:

Are you hungry?

Are you hungry?(你饿了吗?)

She asked if I was hungry.

She asked if I was hungry.(她问我是否饿了。)

And that's Everyday Grammar.

以上就是今天节目的全部内容。

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