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躺着就能学英语语法Chapter8-3:从属连词(MP3)

della1 于2013-07-15发布 l 已有人浏览
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躺着就能学英语语法Chapte8-3讲的是从属连词,附有Mp3和文本。
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

躺着就能学英语语法Chapter8-3:从属连词

引导主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句(that, whether, if )引导状语从句(时间一s i nce, when;理由一because;条件一if;让
步一though, although;结果一so that;比较as...as...)

从属连词常引导一个从句,依附于主句,从属连词可分为两类:引导主语从句、宾语从句或表语从句等的连词,和引导状语从
句各种状态的连词。

POINT 1 引导主语、宾语、表语从句等的从属连词
引导主语从句、宾语从句或表语从句等的连词,主要有that,whether, if等。
例子:
Whether he will come or not is still unknown.
(whether引导主语从句)
他是否会来还不得而知。
He said that he had a very good journey home.
(that引导宾语从句)
他说他回家的旅行很顺利。
Her hope is that she will become a doctor.
(that引导表语从句)
她的希望就是将来成为一位医生。

POINT 2 引导状语从句的从属连词
根据其意义和作用,引导状语从句的连词大致可分为:
1.说明时间的连词。常用的有after, before, as, s i nce, untiI , whiIe,when, as soon as等。
例子:
I went to bed after I finished my homework.
我做完作业就睡觉了。
Don't say that before you look at the picture.
在你看到图像前先别那样说。
When she reached home, she had a short rest.
当她到家时,她稍微休息了一下。
Go on until you see a bookshop on the right.
一直向前走.直到你看见在右边的一家书店。

2.说明原因或理由的连词。常用的有because等。
例子:
Young people like this time of year, because it is good for sports.
年轻人喜欢一年中这个时节,因为对运动有好处。
The children went to the farm, because the farmers needed help.
孩子们去了农场.因为农夫们需要帮助。


3.表示条件,引导条件状态从句的从属连词。常用的有if等。
例子:If you eat unclean food, you may be ill.
          如果你吃了不干净的食物,你会生病的。
      If you cut in line, other people will not be pleased.
          如果你插队.别人会不高兴的。

4.表示让步的意义,引导让步状态从句的从属连词。常用的有though, although等。
例子:Though I like writing to my pen pal, it takes a lot of time.
          虽然我喜欢写信给我的笔友,但这要花很多时间。
      Although Australia is very large, the population is very small.
          虽然澳大利亚(面积)很大,人口却很少。

5.表示结果,引导结果状态从句的从属连词。常用的有so...that, so that等。
例子:He became so angry that he couldn't speak.
他气得说不出话来。
卜He ran so quickly that he won the race.
他跑得那么快.以至于他比赛获胜。

6.表示比较,引导状态从句的从属连词。常用的有as...as, so...as, than等。
例子:
Ann jumped farther than Lily.
    安跳得比莉莉远。
English is not so difficult as math.
    英语没有数学那么难学。

POINT 3
1 .because,though,but
在中文里,我们常用“因为……所以……”“虽然……但是……”,但是在英语句子里,because和so, though和but都只能用其中
一个,这一点,我们一定要牢记。这是因为because和though是从属连词,so和but是并列连词,它们不能并用。
例子: Because he was ill, he didn't go to school.
          因为他病了,所以他没有去上学。
      Though we only stayed there for a few days, we had a great
            time.
          虽然我们待在那里只有几天,(但是)我们过得很愉快。
      He doesn't like writing letters, but he likes receiving them.
          (虽然)他不喜欢写信,但是他喜欢收到信。

2. when,while
它们既是并列连词(连接并列分句),也是从属连词(引导从句)。区别是:它们作并列连词时,引导的句子不能放在句首,只能放在句末,在它们的前面一般要用逗号隔开,它们作从属连词时,引导的句子可放在句首,也可放在句末。when, while作并列连词时,意
思分别为“在这(那)时”,而作从属连词时分别是“何时、当……时”和……同时”之意。
例子:
We were about togowhen it began to rain.
我们正要走时,天空就下起雨了。
( when是并列连词,作“就在这时”讲)
When she knocked at the door, I was watching TV.
当她敲门时,我正在看电视。
( when是从属连词,作“当……时”讲)
She always sings in a low voice while she is working.
她总是一边工作,一边低声唱歌。
(while是从属连词,作“当··…旧寸”讲)
Tom can't have chicks, while hens can.
汤姆不能孵出小鸡,而母鸡却能。
(while是并列连词,作“而、然而”讲)

容易犯错的句子:
1.在月球上没有空气和水。
错:There is no air and water on the moon.
对:There is no air or water on the moon.
连词and用在肯定句中,连接对等的词或短语;在否定句中应用连词。连接对等的词或短语。

2.妈妈买给我一件礼物,但我不喜欢。
错:Mother bought me a present, and I didn't like it
对:Mother bought me a present, but I didn't like it.
根据句意.应用表示转折语气的连词but。

3.让我们移开那块石头。否则可能会有意外发生。
错:Let's move that stone, and there may be an accident.
对:Let's move that stone, or there may be an accident.
在句型“祈使句+and/then+简单句”中,and或then表示肯定的条件,如果表示否定的条件,则用。环用and。又如:
Play as well as you can, and we're sure to beat them.
你们尽力地踢球,我们一定能打败他们。
Let's hurry, or we'll be late.
快点,否则我们要迟到了。

4.你和我都不对。
错:Both you and I are not right.
对:Neither you nor I am right.
both...and...用在肯定句中.意思是“两者都……”.表示“两者都不……”.应用neither...nor...。

5.他直到做完作业才睡觉。
错:He went to bed until he finished his homework.
对:He didn't go to bed until he finished his homework.
表示“直到……才……”应用“not...until "。该句中主句的动词为非延续性动词.表示这一动作到何时才发生。

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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