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海外华人如何过春节,少不了除夕、压岁钱还有拜年---春节英语资料

佚名 于2008-01-16发布 l 已有人浏览
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英文中,“春节”为什么被称为“‘Lunar’New Year”?“年”是如何得来的?中国

英文中,“春节”为什么被称为“‘lunar’new year”?“年”是如何得来的?中国人过年都有哪些风俗?…… 关于“过年”,您自然一点儿也不陌生。不过,若想把它送出国门之外,讲给老外听,似乎还是难了那么一点点。来吧,阅读以下文字,相信会对您有所帮助。特感谢海外华人bing wei贡献此稿。注:ms. bing wei is a published author in both chinese and english. a middle chapter of her first novel in english can be read here: http://chinaetiquette101-lifestyle.blogspot.com/2006/02/big-nose-and-me.html

the chinese new year celebration dates back to 2697 bc, when the ancient tradition marking the end of winter and beginning of spring. the start of the new year is determined according to the chinese lunar calendar, a system created to measure time based on the moon cycle. that is why the chinese new year is also called the lunar new year or spring festival in china. often the first day of the lunar new year falls into january or february of the gregorian calendar.

many asians cultures celebrate the lunar new year as well as the chinese. the vietnamese call it tet nguyen dan, meaning "first morning of the first day of the new year." the korean names their new year "the first month of the year" jung whur.

for the chinese, traditionally the celebration lasts fifteen days, starting by exploding thousands of firecrackers and ending with a dragon parade.

legend has it that a monster called nian (meaning "year") used to haunt and eat people on new year's eve. a chinese village lit firecrackers (an early version of gun powder) and pasted flaming red banners on their doors to work magic. to celebrate, the whole village turned out, danced, feasted and exchanged gifts. this gives birth to the lion dancing, dragon parade and giving out money in little red envelopes for the new year period.

new year's eve - the entire new year observation starts with new year's eve, called chu xi. for believers, they go to a temple to pray for their ancestors as well as their own health and fortune for the coming year.

houses are cleaned and decorated with red paper cuts called window flower (chuan hua). many people gets a haircut too. a chinese banquet with foods of special meaning are prepared for the eve. often ten courses are served as "ten" stands for perfection (shi quan shi mei). the fact that family members gather for this special feast is believed to bring good fortune and togetherness for the coming year. fish are served whole to represent completeness and plenteousness (nian nian you yu). the noodle symbolizes longevity. year-cake (nian gao) is eaten, either savoury or sweet, for the meaning of growing every year. by midnight, fireworks light up the sky to scare away the monster and welcome the new year.

red envelope - the next morning, on new year's day, children often receive a red envelope under their pillows. only paper money (coins are considered unlucky) are packaged with the meaning of prolonging their childhood without having to grow too fast (ya sui money). golden characters for fortune, happiness and prosperity are often written on these red envelopes. in southern china, the envelope is called lai see in cantonese hence the lai see money.

visitation - after breakfast people start to visit relatives and friends by greeting each other "happy new year" or "gong xi fa cai" (may you prosper). guests typically bring simple yet meaningful gifts, such as apples for peace and safety, oranges for good luck and sweets for happy life.

lotus seeds and peanuts are given to newly-weds(新婚夫妇) to bless them having many children. people are expected to be on their best behavior on new year's day as it is said that what happens on that day decides one's fortune for the entire year. it is important that the visits be paid for the first two days of the new year. otherwise, by the third day, the visiting will be considered impolite and it also means you will not get along with those you visit too late.
 

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