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苏格拉底“三重过滤”法则 别让流言摧毁了友情

kira86 于2019-07-01发布 l 已有人浏览
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每当你听到关于亲密朋友的轻率传言时,请使用这种苏格拉底的“三重过滤测试”加以鉴别,别让虚假的流言是摧毁友情的利剑。
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The Socrates' Triple Filter Test

苏格拉底的“三重过滤”测试

In ancient Greece, Socrates was reputed to hold knowledge in high esteem .

在古希腊,苏格拉底以高度尊崇学识而闻名于世。

One day an acquaintance met the great philosopher and said, "Do you know what I just heard about your friend?"

一天,这位伟大的哲学家和一个老朋友碰面了。老朋友说:“你知道我刚听说了关于你朋友的什么事吗?”

Hold on a minute, Socrates replied. "Before telling me anything, I'd like you to pass a little test. It's called the triple filter test."

“等等,”苏格拉底答道,“在你告诉我这件事情之前,我想先让你做个小测试——三重过滤测试。”

Triple filter?

“三重过滤?”

That's right, Socrates continued. "Before you talk to me about my friend, it might be a good idea to take a moment and filter what you're going to say. That's why I call it the triple filter test."

“没错,”苏格拉底接着说,“在你谈论我的朋友之前,不妨先用一点时间过滤一下你要说的话,这是有好处的。这也是我称其为三重过滤的原因。”

The first filter is TRUTH. Have you made absolutely sure that what you are about to tell me is true?

“第一重过滤叫真实。你能百分之百确定你要讲的事情都是真的吗?”

No, the man said, "actually I just heard about it and ..."

“不能,”那人说道,“我也只是刚刚听说,而且……”

All right, said Socrates. "So you don't really know if it's true or not. Now let's try the second filter, the filter of GOODNESS. Is what you are about to tell me about my friend something good?"

“好吧,”苏格拉底说,“这么说你并不确定事情的真伪。现在我们来进行第二重过滤——善意。你要说的是关于我朋友的好事吗?”

No, on the contrary ...

“不,恰恰相反……”

So, Socrates continued, "you want to tell me something bad about him, but you're not certain it's true. You may still pass the test though, because there's one filter left: the filter of USEFULNESS. Is what you want to tell me about my friend going to be useful to me?"

“那么,”苏格拉底接着说,“你想告诉我关于他的不好的事,但你又不能确定那是不是真的。不过你还是有可能通过测试的。因为还有最后一重过滤——实用。你要告诉我的关于我朋友的事对我来说有帮助吗?”

No, not really.

“没有,没有什么帮助。”

Well, concluded Socrates, "if what you want to tell me is neither true nor good nor even useful, why tell it to me at all?"

“好吧,”苏格拉底总结道,“如果你要告诉我的事情既不真实又不美好而且对我没有任何帮助,那到底为什么要告诉我呢?”

Friends, use this triple filter each time you hear loose talk about any of your near and dear ones.

朋友们,每当你听到关于亲密朋友的轻率传言时,请使用这种三重过滤测试加以鉴别。

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