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BBC英语新闻:挪威斥巨资阻止利比里亚砍伐森林

lily85 于2015-11-13发布 l 已有人浏览
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一直引领着应对气候变化的国家——挪威,日前与利比里亚签署了一项协议,协议中指出:挪威将资助利比里亚,利比里亚需停止砍伐森林。本台环境记者Matt McGrath为大家阐释该协议的细节。
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One country that is leading the way in tackling climate change is Norway. It's signed a deal with Liberia under which it will pay the West African country to stop cutting down its trees. Our environment correspondent Matt McGrath explained the details deal of that agreement.

The Norwegians have been involved in deforestation for a number of years. They've been using their incredible wealth, I guess, to help Indonesia and Brazil and other areas to stop them cutting down trees. They have been paying for those places to leave the trees alone. But with Liberia they've done kind of a national deal and they are paying them 150 million dollars over the next 6 years to essentially stop deforestation. This is, seems as a quite significant thing. It's the biggest financial pledge in Africa to stop the type of deforestation. It's a particular interest in Liberia because they have a really ancient rainforest, West African rainforest there which is being cut down and the government has been struggling to stop that. So it's being seen as a win-win that the climate benefits from no more emissions and Liberia benefits from a large amount of money at a time when it really needs it.

You talked about that ancient West African rainforest. It's home to populations, viable populations, isn't it, of western chimpanzees. elephants, leopards?

Yes, that's right. It's a global biodiversity hotspot. And you know, since the end of the Civil War in Liberia in 2003, there've been a number of attempts by illegal loggers. It seems every time Liberia gets into a crisis, people turn to the forest.

Is Ebola in this mix at all with their fears that Ebola and the crisis badly affecting Liberia, might it have led to more logging?

That's one of the things. That's really germane to this whole discussion right now. When a country gets into economic difficulties, when things start to break down, it becomes more easy for people outside the law to cut down these trees and to sell the timbres without any restrictions in place. There's worries about this right now. And the Norwegians coming in with the money will want to see better monitoring. The trees remain standing.

Matt McGrath.

According to the western world, a five-day working day is a norm, but what would happen if this is reduced to four days? It's a proposal produced by a British think-tank the New Economics Foundation which describes itself as promoting social, economic and environmental justice. It argues that a shorter working would boost the economy, raise productivity, improve people's work-life balance and help social cohesion.
 

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