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CNN英语新闻:美国政府达成临时协议暂避财政悬崖(双语)

叶翠 于2013-01-07发布 l 已有人浏览
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美国财政部长蒂姆·盖特纳表示政府已正式达到界限,16.394美元的债务上限。一些分析师警告称华盛顿的僵局是可以造成甚至更糟,更多的问题。
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财政悬崖.jpg

It came down to a vote in the U.S. House of Representatives on Tuesday night, the Senate had already passed a temporary fix to the fiscal cliff,
在周二晚上美国众议院终于进行了投票,参议院已经就财政悬崖通过了一项临时解决办法,

but the House had to approve that plan and for the president to sign it and to make it law.
但众议院必须批准这一计划而且总统需要签署使其成为法律。

When the votes were counted, representatives have voted 257 to 161 to approve the plan.
而当计票时,代表们已经以257票比161票赞成该计划。

It's not perfect.
然而它并不完美。

Many lawmakers don't like it.
许多议员不喜欢。

For one thing, it does not reduce government spending, something that will need to get done in order to reduce the debt.
首先,政府支出并没有减少,需要做些事情以减少债务。

It does raised taxes on families that make more than $450,000 a year.
法案确实提高了年收入超过450,000美元家庭的税收。

It's the first federal income tax hike since 1993.
这是自1993年以来联邦所得税的第一次上调。

And it does put off some other tax raises and automatic government spending cuts that would have happened if no agreement had been made,
而且法案推迟了一些如果没有达成协议将会发生的其他税收的增加及政府自动削减支出,

but if the government had done this for a grade, it wouldn't be an A,
但如果政府真的做到这一层,结果就会是令人满意的一个A,

it wouldn't really be an F.
它不会是真的F。

It's be an incomplete.
它是不完整的。

Christine Romans explains why.
克里斯汀·罗曼斯会为您解释其中的原因。

Part of the fiscal cliff was averted , but there are two big issues not addressed in the bill.
财政悬崖部分已被避免,但是仍有两大问题没有解决。

The spending cuts or the sequester, that issue was delayed two months, Two, there's nothing represent the debt ceiling in this bill either.
削减开支还是扣押,这个问题被推迟了两个月,第二,这个法案没有什么代表债务上限。

Treasury Secretary Tim Geithner says the government has officially reached its limit, its $16.394 debt limit.
美国财政部长蒂姆·盖特纳表示政府已正式达到界限,16.394美元的债务上限。

Some analysts are warning that the gridlock in Washington is what could caused as even worse, more problems.
一些分析师警告称华盛顿的僵局是可以造成甚至更糟,更多的问题。

Steven Englander, CitiFX said, quote, “The process was so chaotic and the outcome so unsatisfactory, that we're likely to see a further U.S. downgrade at some point.”
CitiFX的斯蒂芬·因格兰德表示,这里我们引用其原话“如此混乱的过程招致了如此令人不满意的结果, 在某种程度上我们很可能会看到美国进一步的衰落。”

All this drama in Washington could well put the breaks on Wall Street.
所有这些华盛顿的闹剧很可能再次搞垮华尔街。

Christine Romans, CNN New York.
CNN新闻,克里斯汀·罗曼斯,纽约报道。

Is this legit?
这是合法的吗?

Article 1 of the U.S. Constitution focuses on the power of the presidency.
美国宪法的第一条集中于总统的权力吗?

Em, not true, Article 1 is all about the powers of Congress.
恩,不是真的,第一条是关于国会的权力。

There is new Congress in town, the 113th Congress of the United States, it's getting started today.
在新国会,美国的第113届国会在今天开始。

All 435 voting members of the U.S. House of Representatives were elected last November.
所有的435名美国众议院投票议员于去年11月当选。

Representatives serve two year terms, and they are chosen in even numbered years.
代表有2年的任期, 在甚至数年内他们才会被选出。

The more people a state has living in it, the more representatives it has in Congress.
一个州住的人越多,在国会就有越多的代表。

And in the 113th Congress the House is controlled by Republicans who hold 234 seats, Democrats have 201 seats.
在第113届国会众议院是由占有234个席位的共和党人控制,民主党只有201个席位。

Things are different in the Senate.
而在参议院却截然不同。

There are 100 Senators there, two for each state, and they serve six years terms, so only about a third of their seats were up for election in November.
这里有100名参议员,每州两人,而他们的任期是6年,所以只有大约三分之一的席位是在11月进行选举。

Democrats have controlled the Senate with 53 seats, Republicans have 45 seats, and two seats are Independent, thought the Independents usually vote with the Democrats.
民主党控制参议院的53个席位,而共和党只有45个席位,两边席位归属无党派人士,认为无党派人士通常与民主党人进行投票。

Some of the top priority of the new Congress, a longer term solution of the fiscal cliff as we talked about, getting federal money to victims of Hurricane Sandy.
新国会的一些首要任务,就如同我们刚才谈论的对于财政悬崖寻找一个长期的解决方案,为飓风桑迪的受害者筹得联邦资金。

And generally, figuring out what the government spends money on.
而且一般来说,搞清楚这个政府的开销。

With Democrats in control of the Senate and the presidency and Republicans in control of the House, you can see it's going to take compromise to get legislation passed.
随着民主党控制的参议院和总统和共和党控制众议院,你可以看到需要妥协才能使法案通过。

词汇学习:

1.temporary a.暂时的;临时的

He suffered a temporary loss of memory.
他暂时丧失了记忆。

2.approve v.批准;赞成;同意

The city council approved the building plan.
市议会批准了这项建筑计划。

3.federal a.联邦制的;联邦政府的

Switzerland is a federal republic.
瑞士是联邦制的共和国。

4.avert v.转开;避免;防止

It was Scott's turn to avert his gaze.
这下轮到斯科特移开他注视的目光了。

5.gridlock n.僵局

But he is acknowledging continued partisan gridlock in Congress.
但他承认在国会党派僵局仍然存在。

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