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CNN英语新闻:美国国务卿与伊朗外长时隔多年首次会晤

Lily85 于2013-09-29发布 l 已有人浏览
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昨天伊朗外交部长穆罕默德·贾瓦德·扎里和美国国务卿约翰·克里就伊朗核计划在纽约会晤
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CNN2.jpg

It is Friday, and that is awesome.

Welcome to CNN STUDENT NEWS.

We talked earlier this week about the tense relationship between the United States and Iran.

In recent years, Iran's controversial nuclear program has added to that tension.

Iran says the program is for peaceful purpose, the U.S. and other countries believe Iran is trying to build nuclear weapons.

One way the U.S. and other countries have reacted to Iran's nuclear program is with sanctions.

Now, these are punishments, penalties that restrict Iran's economic activities.

Sanctions are designed to pressure Iran into talking with the international community.

Yesterday, Iranian foreign minister Mohammad Jawad Zurif and U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry met in New York about Iran's nuclear program.

Here's why that's significant.

It's the first meeting between high level U.S. and Iranian officials in more than 30 years.

Is this legit?

Ben Franklin was the first person to run the U.S. Postal Service.

It's true.

In 1775 the continental congress appointed Franklin as the first U.S. postmaster general.

Back in the 18 century, the good old days, it cost six cents to send the letter through the mail.

In 1975, 200 years after Ben Franklin became the postmaster general, it cost ten cents.

Today, a first class stamp cost 46 cents, but the postal service wants to increase that to 49 cents staring next January.

Then you might say, who cares, I don't send anything through the mail.

That's part of the issue.

Every year the amount of mail the postal service handles drops by hundreds of millions of pieces.

The postal service lost $16 billion in 2012, another 1740 million from April through June of this year.

One of the ways to make up those losses is by increasing stand prices.

The postal service board of governors describes that move as the last resort, this three cent increase could raise $2 billion for the postal service, but the board of governors has to approve it first.

The postal service isn't the only part of the U.S. government that's facing some serious economic questions.

Congress and President Obama have to consider something called the debt ceiling.

This is a limit on the total amount of money the U.S. government can borrow,

the ceiling, $16.7 trillion of debt is in sight and heeding it could have some consequences.

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