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CNN英语新闻:美国中期选举关注焦点

lily85 于2014-11-07发布 l 已有人浏览
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另一方面,如果总统向共和党人抛出更多橄榄枝等同是搬起石头砸向自己的脚。
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Tuesday, November 4, was a big night in American politics. Welcome to CNN STUDENT NEWS where we are leading off with reports surrounding the U.S. midterm elections.

They are called midterms because they happen in the middle of a president's four year term. They determine state governors, they determine state and local laws and lawmakers. And they shape the legislative branch of the U.S. Congress.

As Americans from Maine to Alaska head into the voting boots, at stake were all 435 voting seats in the U.S. House of Representatives. Its members serve two year terms. At stake were 36 seats out of 100 in the U.S. Senate. Its members serve six year terms. What were analysts were watching as we went into the vote?

There are three key things we are watching in this midterm and the first is the U.S. Senate. The Democrats have been in charge here. We are showing them in blue, along with two Independents in purple, but the Republicans are expected to gain seats here. The Democrats are expected to lose some and control of this chamber will likely come down to nine or ten very close races and the Democrats must hold on to at least two thirds of those if they expect to maintain control of this chamber.

Meanwhile, secondly we are watching the other side of the Capitol in the House of Representatives. The Democrats have been on the losing side there, the Republicans on the winning side. That equation is not expected to change.

The question is will Republicans pick up more seats or lose some seats in the process, and if so, how?

If you see more Tea Party presence, that can signal some divisions within the Republican Party that the Democrats might exploit from their minority position, and the third thing we are watching, the White House reaction to all of this.

If the president's party loses both chambers and he reacts badly to it, that's an easy signal for Republicans to say we are going to do nothing with this lame duck president. On the other hand, if he reaches out too much with an olive branch to the Republicans that could dispirit his own party. And that could be bad for Hillary Clinton or any other Democrat who wants to be the nominee for the 2016 presidential race.

We know the answer to two of those questions: last night CNN projected that the House of Representatives would stay in Republican control. This means Republicans won back more than the 218 seats needed to keep their majority in the House.

They also won enough seats to take control of the U.S. Senate. Before the vote, Democrats had 53 seats, Republicans had 45. Independents had two.

Republicans needed to gain six seats to have a 51 seat majority in the Senate. CNN projected they've gained at least that many. We say at least because some races hadn't been determined by the time we produced this program.

Teachers, please go to cnn.com to get the latest numbers and projections.

Now, about these projections. CNN projects. It means we expected certain candidates to win certain races. But where do we get our numbers and how do we analyze them?]
 

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