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经济学人双语商业新闻在线试听:奥巴马会见安倍谈经济 美自动减支将延误航班

Lily85 于2013-02-26发布 l 已有人浏览
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美国承诺同日本在全球经济发展等多项事务上加强联系。今天,奥巴马总统会见了来访的日本首相安倍晋三,奥巴马表示,自动减支或大幅度削减支出将会影响美国政府。但是不会威胁到世界金融体系。
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From NPR News in Washington, I'm Lakshmi Singh.
这里是华盛顿NPR新闻,我是拉克什米·辛格。

The US is pledging to strengthen ties with Japan on various matters including global economic growth. Following a meeting today with visiting Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, the president said that while sequester or broad spending cuts will affect the US government. It wouldn't threaten the world financial system.
美国承诺同日本在全球经济发展等多项事务上加强联系。今天,奥巴马总统会见了来访的日本首相安倍晋三,奥巴马表示,自动减支或大幅度削减支出将会影响美国政府。但是不会威胁到世界金融体系。

"The sequester going into effect , will not threaten world financial system. It's not like the equivalent of the US defaulting on its obligations. What it does mean though was that if the US is growing slower, then other countries growing slower."
“即将生效的自动减支计划不会威胁到世界金融体系。它并不等同于美国违约。虽然实际上,如果美国经济发展减慢,那其他国家的经济发展也会放缓。”

But negotiations seem to have stalled to avert mandatory budget cuts in less than two weeks in the US. Budget battles in this country and other nations have raised concerns among NATO ministers in Brussels about defense spending cuts and the impact that could have on global security.
但是,避免美国两周内面临强制性预算削减计划的两党谈判陷入了僵局。美国和其他国家的预算斗争引起了正在布鲁塞尔举行会议的北约各部长的注意,北约部长关注的焦点是减少国防支出及其对全球安全的影响。

Air traveler should prepare for delays of the nation's busiest airports if the across the board spending cuts, known as sequestration take effect. NPR's Brian Naylor reports the Obama administration is warning some control towers at smaller airports could be closed all together.
如果全面自动减支计划生效,那航空旅行者应做好准备,美国最繁忙的机场将会出现延误现象。据NPR新闻的布莱恩·内勒报道,奥巴马政府警告称,一些小型机场的控制塔可能会一起关闭。

Transportation secretary Ray Lahood says the FAA will have to furlough the vast majority of its employees including air traffic controllers for at least one day--- a pay period. That will mean fewer controllers directing flights and Lahood says delays for travelers.
美国交通部部长雷·拉胡德表示,美国联邦航空局不得不让大多数员工每周暂时休假至少一天,这其中就包括交通调度员。这意味着指挥航班的调度员将会减少,而拉胡德表示,乘客将遭遇航班延误。

"Flights to major cities, like New York, Chicago and San Francisco and others, could experience delays of up to 90 minutes during peak hours, because we have fewer controllers on staff. Delays in these major airports will ripple across the country."
“飞往纽约、芝加哥、旧金山等大城市的航班,在高峰期间可能会延误长达90分钟的时间,因为工作的调度员减少了。这些主要机场的航班延误将会在整个美国引起连锁反应。”

Lahood says he expected airlines will begin to cancel some flights once they see the potential impact of the furloughs. Brian Naylor NPR News, Washington.
拉胡德表示,他认为航空公司在看到员工暂时休假带来的潜在影响后,会取消一些航班。NPR新闻,布莱恩·内勒华盛顿报道。

The US now has about 100 troops in the African country of Niger. Details from NPR's Ari Shapiro.
美国向非洲国家尼日尔派出约100名军人。NPR新闻的阿里·夏皮罗将带来详细报道。

The letter says these troops 'will provide support for intelligence collection and also facilitate intelligence sharing with French forces conducting operations in Mali'. Mali is next door to Niger. It was the scene of the major French offensive last month. French troops drove Islamist militants out of Malian cities. But the militants are still at large and there are fears that they could pop up in Niger. According to the president's letter, the US troops in Niger have weapons but they are 'for the purposes of providing their own force protection and security'. Ari Shapiro NPR News, Washington.
奥巴马总统在信中说,这些军人“主要使命是搜集情报,同时为在马里进行军事行动的法国部队提供情报支援。”马里是尼日尔的邻国。上个月法国军队出兵马里。法国军队将伊斯兰武装分子驱逐出了马里的主要城市。但是目前武装分子仍在逃,而且有人担心他们会出现在尼日尔。奥巴马总统在信里表示,美国在尼日尔部署的部队携带着武器,“目的是为了确保自身的安全。”NPR新闻,阿里·夏皮罗华盛顿报道。

Fame Olympian Oscar Pistorius is out on bail to await trial in the recent death of his girl friend Reeva Steenkamp. The athlete's family including his uncle, Arnold Pistorius, expressed mixed emotions today. Now he was charged with premeditated murdering, Steenkamp’s shooting death valentine's day.
著名的奥运选手奥斯卡·皮斯托瑞斯获准保释,等待其女友瑞瓦·斯廷坎普死亡案的审判。今天,这位运动员的家人,包括他叔叔阿诺德·皮斯托瑞斯在内,表达了他们复杂的心情。现在皮斯托瑞斯被指控在情人节预谋枪杀斯廷坎普。

Dow is up 100 points.
道琼斯工业平均指数上升100点。

This is NPR News.
这里是NPR新闻。

As the plains in middle west take out of one of the worst winter storms in years, the northeast is bracing for more of the same. Meteorologist Andrew Orrison says New England may get significant amounts of snow soon.
美国中西部平原地区遭遇近年来最严重的暴风雪天气,而东北部地区也将会面临同样或更严重的情况。气象学家安德鲁·奥瑞森表示,新英格兰将很快迎来大雪天气。

"There will be the potential for some areas to see, an excess of a foot of snow, what the primary impacted areas being Massachusetts, for more of New Hampshire, and portions of southern Maine."
“一些地区可能出现超过一英尺的积雪,最先受到影响的地区是马萨诸塞州,新罕布什尔州的大部分地区和缅因州南部部分地区。”

In Kansas, many drivers were stranded on snow packed roads. Businesses and schools were shut down in multiple states and hundreds of flights were canceled. The storm is blamed in at least two deaths.
堪萨斯州的许多车辆在覆满白雪的道路上抛锚。多个州的商店和学校被迫关闭,上百架航班取消。暴风雪已至少造成两人死亡。

Scientists have discovered a new secret in the lives of bees. NPR's Adam Cole, reports bumble bees can use electric fields to remember where to find nectar-rich flowers.
科学家发现了蜜蜂生活的新秘密。据NPR新闻的亚当·科尔报道,研究报告表明,蜜蜂可以使用电场记忆,找到有大量花蜜的地方。

Flowers will do anything to attract the bee's attention. They need pollinators to help them reproduce so they use bright colors or ultraviolet patterns and sweet smells. Now researchers at the university of Bristol, have discovered a new way flowers are communicating with bees— electric fields. Flowers naturally have a slight negative charge. Bees, on the other hand, develop a slight positive charge just by flying through the air. As a bee gets close to a flower, there is an electric interaction, and the bee can feel it. It learns to associate distinct electric fields with nectar. The discovery appears in this week's Science magazine. Adam Cole, NPR News.
花卉为了吸引蜜蜂的注意会做任何事情。花卉需要传粉者帮助它们繁殖,所以它们利用鲜艳的颜色或紫外线波纹和芳香的气味来吸引传粉者。目前布里斯托尔大学的研究人员发现了花卉与蜜蜂交流的新方式——电场。花卉通常带微弱的负电荷,另一边,蜜蜂通过在空中飞翔获得微弱的正电荷。当蜜蜂接近花卉时,会产生电荷间的相互作用,而蜜蜂会感觉到。蜜蜂便学会与花蜜的不同电场进行交流。这项研究发表于本周发行的《科学》杂志上。NPR新闻,亚当·科尔报道。

At last check on Wall Street, Dow Jones Industrial Average was up 98 points, at 13,979; NASDAQ gaining 23 at 3,154; S&P 500 up 10 at 1,512.
据华尔街最新数据,道琼斯工业平均指数上升98点,报13,979点;纳斯达克指数上升23点,报3,154点;标准普尔500指数上升10点,报1,512点。

This is NPR.
这里是NPR新闻。

划红精讲

1. go into effect
生效;施行
eg. These regulations shall go into effect as of the date of promulgation.
本条例自发布之日起施行。
eg. The impact would also likely be muted because some new rules won't go into effect for years.
法案中的一些新规定要多年后才会生效,这也会减弱该法案可能产生的影响。
eg. Deposits must be authorized by a bank-officer parent before they go into effect.
存款生效前必须经过银行主管人家长的认可。

2. across the board
全面的
eg. Tax receipts tumbled across the board as a result of falling profits and rising unemployment.
由于企业利润下滑和失业率上升,税收出现了全面下滑。
eg. The industry needs more investment across the board.
这一行业需要全面增加投资。
eg. It has had a different impact in each country, but its benefits have been seen across the board.
它对每一个国家产生的影响是不一样的,但所带来的利益却惠及全局。

3. ripple
vt.& vi.使泛起涟漪;(把头发)弄成波浪形;使作潺潺声
n.涟漪,涟波;[物]涟波;涟波声,潺潺声;(头发等的)波浪形;(事情引起的)连锁反应,涟漪作用
eg. The aftermath of the Japan quake will continue to ripple through China's key industries.
日本地震的影响将继续在中国主要行业蔓延。
eg. The problems of the auto industry have created economic ripples through the rest of the economy as well.
汽车业的问题造成其他行业也出现了经济上的连锁反应。
eg. I could see the dawn breeze rippling the shining water.
我能看见黎明的微风在波光粼粼的水面上吹出道道涟漪。

4. at large
(囚犯)在逃;逍遥法外;一般说来;详细地
eg. The escaped prisoner remained at large for weeks.
逃犯一直逍遥法外达数周之久。
eg. That the newspaper's duty is to its readers and to the public at large, and not to the privateinterests of its owner.
报纸要对读者和普通民众负责,而不是对报社老板的私利负责。
eg. Elementary education is an important issue that needs to be discussed by society at large.
基础教育是重要问题,需要整个社会来讨论。

5. pop up
突然出现;不意冒出
eg. She was startled when Lisa popped up at the door all smiles.
莉萨突然笑容满面地出现在门口时,她吓了一跳。
You solved one problem and another would immediately pop up.
你解决完一个问题,另一个问题又会马上冒出来。
eg. Since then, the irish setter in large areas of europe as a whole to pop up.
在那之后,爱尔兰雪达犬在整个欧洲大面积地流行起来。

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