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经济学人文艺新闻在线试听:牢房中的女性 女性囚犯比男性囚犯表现更差(上)

比目鱼 于2016-04-28发布 l 已有人浏览
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女性比男性行为更规矩,或至少从表面上看如此,这似乎是大家都承认的。 然而,牢房之内,情势却大不相同。和监狱纪律对着干的更多的是女性。
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Britain-Women in prison
 
Breaking worse
 
Female prisoners are more badly behaved than male ones
 
Bad behaviour behind bars
 
AS A rule, women behave better than men, or are less frequently caught out: they make up just 5% of Britain's prison population. Even these troublemakers are gentler than the opposite sex. In 2014 eight in ten women prisoners were jailed for non-violent offences, compared with seven in ten male prisoners.
 
Behind bars, however, a different trend emerges. It is women who more frequently run up against prison rules. In 2014 there were 137 punishments doled out per 100 women but only 105 for every 100 men. They are also more violent, committing 52 assaults on staff per 1,000 female prisoners in 2015 whereas the male rate was 45. Why do women behave so badly in prison?
 
Diego Gambetta, a sociologist, says women make rougher inmates because they take longer to establish a hierarchy. Fighting, he says, “is an information-seeking device”, and although the toughest men sport large muscles and scars, the toughest women are harder to spot without a scrap. Another theory is that female prisoners are trickier to manage because they are more likely to suffer from mental illness: in 2015 26% of them (and 16% of male inmates) had had a psychiatric admission before going to prison. A third argument is that female jails are less crowded, so unruly prisoners are easier to spot.
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