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科学美国人60秒双语科学新闻综合篇:高智商儿童未来吸毒几率更高

Lily85 于2013-04-07发布 l 已有人浏览
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有个高智商的头脑可能也有不好的地方:一份新研究发现,很聪明的孩子在青少年时期和成人后吸毒的几率比常人更高.论文发表在《流行病学和社区健康》期刊上.[詹姆斯?
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Having a high IQ may have its drawbacks : a new study finds that highly intelligent children are more likely to try illegal drugs in their teenage and adult years. The work is published in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. [James White and G. David Batty, "Intelligence across childhood in relation to illegal drug use in adulthood: 1970 British Cohort Study"]
有个高智商的头脑可能也有不好的地方:一份新研究发现,很聪明的孩子在青少年时期和成人后吸毒的几率比常人更高.论文发表在《流行病学和社区健康》期刊上.[詹姆斯?怀特和G?戴维?拜帝,"孩童时期的智力与成年时期吸毒的关系:1970英国人群研究"]

An ongoing study that started in 1970 gathered data from 8,000 people, including their IQ test scores at ages five and 10. Participants later reported their history of illicit drug use at age 16, and then again at age 30.
这个1970年开始的研究从8000人中收集数据,包括他们在5岁和10岁时智商测试成绩.被调查者在16岁时报告自己的吸毒史,30岁时再报告一次。

Men with high childhood IQs were 50 percent more likely to use drugs than their low-scoring counterparts. And women with high scores were more than twice as likely to have tried controlled substances .
儿童时期高智商的男子比智商较低者吸毒的可能性要高出50%.而高智商女子吸毒可能性要高出一倍。

What draws children with high IQs to eventually try drugs? The study’s authors point out that drugs could serve as a coping mechanism for intelligent children who stand out from their classmates and become targets for teasing. In addition , intelligent people tend to pursue new, stimulating experiences to stave off boredom. Meaning that an IQ being high could be a gateway to getting high.
是什么促使高智商孩子去尝试吸毒呢?研究报告的作者指出,当高智商孩子在同学中显得另类并成为戏弄目标时,毒品可以帮他们临时摆脱.此外,智力高的人更趋于追逐新的,刺激的体验,以摆脱乏味生活.这意味着高智商可以成为高快感的通道。

1. drawback n.缺点,欠缺 The great drawback to living near a main road is noise. 住在大街旁最大的缺点是噪音。

2. illicit adj.非法的 The illicit sale of liquor should be banned. 酒的私卖 是被禁止的。

3. substance n. 物质 The emery is a hard metallic substance. 金刚砂是非常坚硬的金属物质。

4. point out 指出 Did he point out where you were wrong? 他有没有指出你什么地方错了?

5. in addition 另外, 此外 In addition to a diet, she pursues various exercises on TV. 节食以外她还随电视做体操。

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