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科学美国人60秒双语科学新闻综合篇:令人厌恶的人真会让我们感到寒冷

Lily85 于2013-04-01发布 l 已有人浏览
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杰克-尼科尔森在电影The Shining中歇斯底里的表现让我浑身发冷得只想盖上毯子。如今的一项研究发现,那些令人厌恶的人原来真会让我们感到寒冷。这项研究将发表在《
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

Jack Nicholson, playing the crazed caretaker in The Shining, makes me reach for a blanket. Now a study finds that people we find, well, creepy can actually make us feel colder. The research will be published in the journal Psychological Science.
杰克-尼科尔森在电影The Shining中歇斯底里的表现让我浑身发冷得只想盖上毯子。如今的一项研究发现,那些令人厌恶的人原来真会让我们感到寒冷。这项研究将发表在《心理科学》(Psychological Science)杂志上。

Researchers interviewed 40 college undergraduates. During each interaction, the experimenter was either chummy with the student or very stiff and professional. The investigator also alternated between mimicking students’ posture—a signal of rapport—and not doing anything at all.
研究人员采访了40位本科大学生。在和大学生的每个互动中,实验人员要么和学生们亲密无间,要么极其冷漠僵硬,要么就表现得非常职业。研究人员有时模仿学生们的姿势以此表示他们相处得很融洽,有时则什么都不做。

Participants then completed a questionnaire designed to find out how hot or cold they felt. The results showed that the subjects actually felt colder when the investigator acted inappropriately or sent mixed signals.
学生们随后完成了一份调查问卷,旨在询问他们感到发热还是发冷。结果表明,当研究人员行为不当或发出复杂信号的时候,学生们真地感受到了寒意。

The researchers conjecture that because the brain tries to interpret social cues and purely physical ones simultaneously, people unconsciously associate icy stares and chilly interactions with actual physical coldness.
研究人员推测,大脑要同时处理社交暗示和纯粹的肢体动作,这就会让人不自觉地将冰冷的凝视和冷漠的互动与实际的身体寒意联系起来。

So the next time you have to visit your doctor with the creepy receptionist, bring a sweater.
因此,下一次你要是去看医生而那个医生的接待员又令人讨厌,可别忘了带上一件毛衣。

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