英语听力

听力入门英语演讲VOA慢速英语美文听力教程英语新闻名校课程听力节目影视听力英语视频

了解你基因组的主要好处?医生再没机会让你乱吃药了

kira86 于2018-11-07发布 l 已有人浏览
增大字体 减小字体
基因组测序服务目前只关注小部分DNA,假如基因测序变得很便宜,那么你就有机会对所有DNA进行测序了,那么,医生再没机会让你乱吃药了。
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

基因.jpg
First Benefit of Knowing Your Genome

了解你基因组的主要好处

I think if genome sequencing gets just super cheap then it's... probably very soon going to make sense to just sequence all your DNA.Science journalist Carl Zimmer, author of the book She Has Her Mother's Laugh: The Powers, Perversions and Potential of Heredity. Zimmer spoke last month at New York University's Journalism Institute. Right now, commercial genome services only look at a small percentage of all your DNA. But as the cost plummets, you'll get your entire genome.

“我认为,如果基因组测序变得非常便宜,那么,可能很快你就会在进行所有DNA测序时受益。”科学记者卡尔·齐默(Carl Zimmer)是《她拥有母亲的笑声:遗传的力量、歪曲和潜能》一书的作者。齐默上个月在纽约大学新闻学院发表了讲话。如今,商业基因组测序服务只着眼于你的小部分DNA,但随着成本骤降,你可能会对你得整个基因组都有所了解。

Then the issue will become, well, what do you use your genome for in terms of your health. A lot of people will actually benefit from something I learned by looking at my genome, which is, that if God forbid I were to get hepatitis there are certain drugs that won't do me any good. Because I have certain genes. Pharmacogenomics, as it's called. I think that pharmacogenomics might be kind of the low-hanging fruit of genome sequencing. Because, doctors so often, if you get sick, they're like, well, let's try this. It might be hepatitis, it might be depression, all sorts of things, like, well, that didn't work very well, let's try this. Wouldn't it be nice if we could just skip the stuff that doesn't work and go to the stuff that does? So that might be kind of where medicine goes in terms of using our genomes and understanding how heredity affects your health.

“然后,问题就会变成,好吧,从健康的角度来说,你的基因组能有何用。很多人将实际上受益于我从我的基因组学到的东西,比如说,如果我绝对没有得肝炎,有些药物就对我没有任何帮助。因为我有特定的基因,即所谓的‘药物基因组学’。我认为药物基因组学可能是基因测序最容易得出的结果。因为如果你生病了,医生经常可能会说‘好吧,咱试试这个。可能是肝炎,也可能是抑郁症,诸如此类的病,好吧,如果效果不理想,我们再试试这个。’如果我们能略过那些不起作用的东西,去找有用的东西不是很好吗?所以利用我们的基因组了解遗传是如何影响我们的健康的,可能就是医学未来的发展方向。”

(小e英语Jewel翻译,欢迎捉虫!)

 1 2 下一页

分享到

添加到收藏

英语新闻排行