英语听力

听力入门英语演讲VOA慢速英语美文听力教程英语新闻名校课程听力节目影视听力英语视频

周内熬夜周末补觉?睡眠不平衡不利于血糖调节

kira86 于2019-03-12发布 l 已有人浏览
增大字体 减小字体
睡眠不足危害多,工作日和节假日睡眠不规律恐不利于血糖调节,补觉也于事无补。
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

SLEEP.jpg
Weekday–Weekend Sleep Unbalance Bad for Blood Sugar Regulation

工作日与周末睡眠不平衡不利于血糖调节

Few things are more satisfying than sleeping late on weekends. But though the extra z's may improve your mood, they do not appear to improve your health. Because a new study shows that so-called "recovery sleep" cannot reset the body's metabolic clock...and may actually lead to some serious health issues.

没有什么是比周末睡懒觉更令人满足的事了。但是,尽管(周末)额外的睡眠或许会改善你的情绪,但额外的睡眠似乎并没有改善你的健康。因为一项新的研究表明,所谓的“恢复性睡眠”不能重置身体的新陈代谢生物钟,而且可能会导致一些严重的健康问题。

Sleep loss can impact a range of physiological systems. It can increase our risk for cardiovascular disease, it can cause weight gain, it can decrease insulin sensitivity, so it can increase our risk of diabetes....

“睡眠不足会对一系列的生理系统造成影响,睡眠不足会增加我们患心血管疾病的风险、导致体重增加、导致胰岛素敏感性降低,所以还会增加我们患糖尿病的风险....”

Christopher Depner, an assistant professor in the department of integrative physiology at the University of Colorado, Boulder.

科罗拉多大学博尔德分校综合生理学系助理教授克里斯托弗·德普纳表示到。

And this can happen, depending on what you're looking at, this can happen as quick as one or two nights of not getting enough sleep."

“这些问题取决于你所观察的生理系统,最快可能会发生在睡眠不足的一两个晚上之后。”

A lot of us shut off the alarm on Saturday and Sunday. But we go right back to burning the candle at both ends once the workweek begins.

我们很多人周六周日就把闹钟关掉(随意睡)。但一旦新的一周开始,我们又立即进入没日没夜拼命工作的状态。

So we were really interested in how this sort of cycle of insufficient sleep, weekend recovery sleep, insufficient sleep, can impact your risk of obesity and metabolic disease.

“所以我们很感兴趣的是,这种工作日睡眠不足、周末晚上熬夜白天补觉的循环会如何影响你患肥胖症和代谢疾病的风险。”

Depner and his colleagues invited volunteers to a nine-day snooze-a-thon. One group was allowed to get a full night's sleep. The next was kept to just five hours each night. And the third group went back and forth, restricted to five hours of shut-eye during the workweek, allowed as much sleep as they wanted over the weekend, and then back to five hours for the last couple days.

德普纳和他的同事邀请志愿者参加一个为期9天的睡眠活动。其中一组的人被允许得到整晚上的睡眠;第二组的人每晚只睡5小时;第三组的人则各在二者间往复,工作日内每晚限制睡5小时,而周末则想睡多久就睡多久,最后几天则又每晚只睡5小时。

The results?

结果如何呢?

Well, the key findings from this study show that when we maintain insufficient short sleep schedules during a typical work or school week, we find that this leads people to eat more than they need and this leads to weight gain. And when they are eating more, they actually eat more predominantly after-dinner snacks, and this altogether also leads to reduce the ability to regulate blood sugar levels.

“这项研究的主要发现表明,假如我们在一个典型的工作周和上学周内总保持睡眠不足的话,我们发现这一点会导致大家吃得比身体所需得多,从而导致体重增加。而当他们多吃时,他们实际主要吃得是餐后零食,而这也会降低他们调节血糖水平的能力。”

Ken Wright, professor of integrative physiology at U.C. Boulder. He's the senior author of the study, which appears in the journal Current Biology.

加州大学博尔德分校综合生理学教授肯·赖特表示到。他是发表在《当代生物学》杂志上的这项研究的资深作者。

So it seems a loss of sleep leads to a spike in snacking. But even more surprising, sleeping in on the weekend doesn't help—and even makes things worse.

因此,睡眠不足似乎会导致零食摄入量激增。但更令人惊讶的是,周末睡懒觉并没有帮助,甚至还会让事情变得更糟。

We found that after the weekend, when they went back to getting insufficient sleep during the work or school week, we found that their liver and their muscle insulin sensitivity or blood sugar regulation was reduced. And this is not something we had found in people who maintained chronic insufficient sleep schedules. So it's possible that, yes, this is a worsening of the body's ability to regulate blood sugar for those specific tissues after the weekend.

“我们发现,周末过后,当它们回到工作或上学期间睡眠不足的状态时,它们的肝脏和肌肉胰岛素敏感性或血糖调节能力都降低了。而这并不是我们在长期睡眠不足的人身上发现的。没错,所以很有可能周末过后,身体这些特定组织的血糖调节能力会恶化。”

So make a date with a pillow. And trade the sweets for sweet dreams.

所以快去跟枕头约会吧,舍弃糖果(睡眠不足时所吃的零食)换甜蜜的梦吧。

小e英语Jewel翻译!

 1 2 下一页

分享到

添加到收藏

英语新闻排行