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VOA常速英语新闻:洪水为中西部农民带来困难(双语)

Lily85 于2013-04-28发布 l 已有人浏览
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达雷尔·凯米尔正在密切关注上升的伊利诺斯河水位及另一个在这条河和他的农田之间的唯一一个7米高的堤坝。
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On his land outside Peoria,
在皮奥里亚外自己的土地上,

Darrel Kammeyer is keeping one eye on the rising Illinois River and another on the only thing standing between it and his farmland, a seven-meter-tall levee .
达雷尔·凯米尔正在密切关注上升的伊利诺斯河水位及另一个在这条河和他的农田之间的唯一一个7米高的堤坝。

“It was constructed to hold back the Illinois River so that this ground would not become a flood plain,” he said.
“建造它的目的是阻挡伊利诺斯河,以免这片土地不会成为泛滥的平原,”他说道。

As the water level rises, Kammeyer patrols the levee in an all-terrain vehicle.
随着水位上升, 凯米尔开着一辆全地形车巡逻堤坝。

With the river now just half a meter below the top of the levee, Kammeyer said his biggest concern is not what could spill over,
而河流现在离堤坝最高处只有半米, 凯米尔表示他关注的最大问题不是可能冲破堤坝,

but what could slip underneath.
而是下面会溢出什么。

“Right now we have to watch about the levee getting saturated and water trying to seep underneath of it.
“现在我们必须监视逐渐饱和的堤坝及试图在下面渗透的河水。

So we watch for spots that might be a potential problem,” he said.
所以我们会密切注意可能是潜在问题的地点,”他说道。

Kammeyer knows that if a significant amount of water breaches the levee, that would prevent him from planting his fields.
凯米尔知道,如果大量的河水在堤上冲出缺口,就会阻碍他在田间的种植。

Kammeyer has so far been able to avoid the Illinois River's wrath .
凯米尔目前已能避免伊利诺斯河的愤怒。

Peoria, however, was not as fortunate.
然而皮奥里亚就没有这么幸运了。

Parts of the downtown area were under several meters of water, and that also played out in other towns along the river as the floodwaters slowly made their way downstream.
部分市区已经处于数米的水下,而且随着洪水逐渐朝下游移动,也波及到了沿河的其他城镇。

“The last record was 1943 and it broke all of those,”
“最后一次纪录是在1943年,它冲破了所有这些,”

said Mike Zerbonia, operations manager for the Army Corps of Engineers on the Illinois River.
伊利诺斯河工兵部队业务经理麦克·塞博纳说道。

His office was a casualty of the high waters.
他的办公室曾是高水位的受害者。

He said one immediate impact of the flooding is the interruption of shipping.
他表示洪水造成的一个直接影响是航运中断。

“Scrap steel, grain, coal, concrete, and we can't move any of it now.
“废钢、粮食、煤炭、水泥、我们都动不了。

Because of the high water, the river is shut down,” said Zerbonia.
由于高水位,河流被迫关闭,” 塞博纳说道。

“If we have trouble moving grains down the river, if that slows down, it affects prices that we can get,
“如果我们顺流而下运送谷物遇到麻烦,如果慢下来,它会影响我们可以得到价格,

mostly because the price of transportation gets higher because they can't haul as much,” said Kammeyer.
主要是因为运输价格会更高,因为他们不能像往常一样拉动。”凯米尔说道。

But there is a silver lining to the storm clouds that caused the flooding, said grains analyst Ken Smithmier.
但有一丝会导致洪水的密布阴云,谷物分析师肯·斯密塞说道。

“I think the market sentiment is more of a ‘well, we need the rain.'
“我认为,市场情绪更多的是一种:哦,我们需要雨。

It's been fantastic, we've improved drought conditions.
这太棒了,我们已经改进干旱情况。

But we need to get planters rolling in the field.
但是我们需要种植者们在田间劳作。

We're well behind the average place of planting at this point in the crop year," said Smithmier.
我们在作物年这一点上远远落后于普通种植地区。” 斯密塞说道。

“Right now we're going to be two to three weeks behind,” said Kammeyer.
“现在我们要慢两到三个星期,”凯米尔说道。

He is looking ahead, to when his fields are dry enough that he can start planting.
他正展望未来,当他的田地足够干才可以开始种植。

He hopes this season brings greater crop yields… fueled by just the right amount of rain.
他希望这个季节由于适量的雨水带来更大的作物产量。

词语解释

1.levee n.集体接见;招待会;堤岸

a wall made of land or other materials that is built next to a river to stop the river from overflowing

The Major General attended the President's levee in full uniform.
那位少将身着全套军服出席总统的招待会。

2.construct v.建造;构筑

to build something or put together different parts to form something whole

This factory was constructed by our company.
这家工厂是由我们公司建设的。

3.patrol v.巡逻;巡查

to go around an area or a building to see if there is any trouble or danger

Terrorists attacked two soldiers on patrol.
恐怖分子袭击了两名正在巡逻的士兵。

4.saturate v.使浸透;使充满;使饱和

to make something or someone completely wet

We lay on the beach, saturated in sunshine.
我们躺在沙滩上,沐浴在阳光里。

5.wrath n.愤怒;激怒

extreme anger

The mother allayed her son's wrath.
母亲平息了他儿子的愤怒。

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